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Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo

healthcare system. More broadly the fragmentation of the care-homes set-up, combined with years of neglect, privatisation and underinvestment in social services, helps explain the situation MSF found in the first months of the pandemic. This dysfunctional system led to care home residents ‘falling through the cracks’. Rights of Older People Forgotten In long-term care facilities, residents struggled with not being able to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

ICRC, in spite of its international mandate, ‘remained a Swiss organization in scope’ (142) and appealed, during this period, to ‘patriotic feelings’ (142) to motivate Swiss support for the organisation. Although images of suffering were used, there was a clear attempt to communicate that the organisation was ‘moving from charity, volunteerism, activism and social service to “modern” values of professionalization, science, and accountability’ (158). Essays

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

the fields of health, social services, education, microfinance and direct cash emergency programmes – its budget and programming have been precarious since the agency’s inception, as has Palestinian refugees’ access to its services. Funded through fluctuating annual bilateral donations, donor support ‘has generally failed to keep pace with the rapid growth of UNRWA’s clientele… consequently the Agency has faced a worsening financial crisis’ ( Brynen, 2003 , 157). 9 The cumulative effects of this ongoing financial crisis meant that by mid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A history of child development in Britain
Author: Bonnie Evans

This book explains the current fascination with autism by linking it to a longer history of childhood development. Drawing from a staggering array of primary sources, it traces autism back to its origins in the early twentieth century and explains why the idea of autism has always been controversial and why it experienced a 'metamorphosis' in the 1960s and 1970s. The book locates changes in psychological theory in Britain in relation to larger shifts in the political and social organisation of schools, hospitals, families and childcare. It explores how government entities have dealt with the psychological category of autism. The book looks in detail at a unique children's 'psychotic clinic' set up in London at the Maudsley Hospital in the 1950s. It investigates the crisis of government that developed regarding the number of 'psychotic' children who were entering the public domain when large long-stay institutions closed. The book focuses on how changes in the organisation of education and social services for all children in 1970 gave further support to the concept of autism that was being developed in London's Social Psychiatry Research Unit. It also explores how new techniques were developed to measure 'social impairment' in children in light of the Seebohm reforms of 1968 and other legal changes of the early 1970s. Finally, the book argues that epidemiological research on autism in the 1960s and 1970s pioneered at London's Institute of Psychiatry has come to define global attempts to analyse and understand what, exactly, autism is.

Bonnie Evans

Authority Social Service Act, and the Education (Handicapped Children) Act 1970 were the key pieces of legislation that would begin to topple the Tavistock hegemony. These Acts helped to build new models for understanding children’s rights to relationships and new models of social welfare that challenged the ideology of organising child welfare services with the aim of preventing

in The metamorphosis of autism
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

different services. In Britain, where the system is broad based, there is a large number of services included in the term. These are: The provision of personal health services, including medical research. These are centrally organised. Public health provision such as protection from virulent diseases, mass inoculation, services for the unborn child and young infants, provided by local authorities. Social services at a local government level. These deal with such issues as protection of children, including orphans, family support, care of the elderly at home and support

in Understanding British and European political issues
A view from below
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

a platform on which power and resistance operate. Ambiguities are therefore not a reason to deny the existence of resistance, but the space to explore between consent and opposition. This is particularly useful to bear in mind in a context where the statemaking process is not characterised as aiming towards turning citizens into producing and consuming taxpayers. Yet, the ways in which the population are ignored, expelled from their lands, contained and repressed if perceived to be rebellious, or used in order to provide social services, represent continuities and

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Felix M. Bivens

structured along four axes: • health, nutrition and quality of life; • technology, production and environment; • cultural processes of learning and human rights; • social strategies, public policies and power relations. Academically, the Human Development group works with a variety of students from undergraduate, postgraduate and professional programmes. Mexican law mandates that all university students engage in ‘social service’. This translates into six-month to one-year placements where students are expected to use their academic knowledge and professional skills

in Knowledge, democracy and action