For over five decades, the Cold War security agenda was distinguished by the principal strategic balance, that of a structure of bipolarity, between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union (USSR). This book seeks to draw from current developments in critical security studies in order to establish a new framework of inquiry for security in the Middle East. It addresses the need to redefine security in the Middle East. The focus is squarely on the Arab-Israeli context in general, and the Palestinian-Israeli context in particular. The character of Arab-Israeli relations are measured by the Israeli foreign policy debate from the 1950s to the 1990s. A dialogue between Islam and Islamism as a means to broaden the terrain on which conflict resolution and post-bipolar security in the Middle East is to be understood is presented. The Middle East peace process (MEPP) was an additional factor in problematizing the military-strategic concept of security in the Middle East. The shift in analysis from national security to human security reflects the transformations of the post-Cold War era by combining military with non-military concerns such as environmental damage, social unrest, economic mismanagement, cultural conflict, gender inequity and radical fundamentalism. By way of contrast to realist international relations (IR) theory, developing-world theorists have proposed a different set of variables to explain the unique challenges facing developing states. Finally, the book examines the significance of ecopolitics in security agendas in the Middle East.

Beholding young people’s experiences and expressions of care through oral history performance
Kathleen Gallagher
Rachel Turner-King

, Radical Hope and the Ethical Imaginary : An International, Intercultural Investigation of Drama Pedagogy, Performance and Civic Engagemen t (2014–19) Our multi-sited, ethnographic research study funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada is the project through which we have collaborated over the last five years. Gallagher conceived of this study in order to think about disengagement in schools, and from civic life more broadly, as a precursor to, and driver of, youth social unrest around the world. Using a socially engaged and

in Performing care
Open Access (free)
Tony Addison

will have to devote more resources to suppressing the social unrest associated with rising poverty and inequality. Elites may be able to use state violence to control the poor for quite some time (apartheid South Africa is one example). But the desire to avoid violent unrest and possibly revolution by the poor (leading to expropriation of the rich) is one reason why elites may see it as in their own interests to facilitate democratization, even if democratization is likely to result in increased taxation of the rich as the newly enfranchised poor vote for

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Pacifism and feminism in Victorian Britain
Heloise Brown

was impossible.18 Differing attitudes to war, social unrest and the social conditions which give rise to different kinds of wars meant that the British and European perspectives on peace and international relations were incompatible for most of the Victorian 5 ‘ the truest form of patriotism ’ era. In consequence, British pacifists and free traders were often regarded with distrust by European pacifists.19 The evolution of British pacifism, and the influence of Radicals such as Cobden upon pacifist ideas, inevitably affected pacifist feminism as it began to emerge

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
The BBC’s Caribbean Voices
Glyne Griffith

that he persuaded Calder-Marshall to become involved in Caribbean Voices , it is worth indicating something of the context. In 1938, the year following the height of the social unrest in Trinidad, Calder-Marshall spent three months in Trinidad and Tobago. His background was that of a conventionally English man of letters – private school, Oxford, and a string of novels by the time he was in his

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
The Spanish Gardener and its analogues
Alison Platt

’s obsession with the juvenile delinquent, a way of addressing an ‘issue’ (social unrest) that could be given an easy solution (a good hiding, better housing). 16 Delinquent teenagers, too old to seek alternative father figures, go up against the Establishment and invariably lose. Their younger selves were not the child heroes of early post-war cinema and their battles are portrayed as

in British cinema of the 1950s
Open Access (free)
Frontier patterns old and new
Philip Nanton

practical response to what was increasingly identified as ‘the West Indian problem’: poverty, unemployment and maladministration. Among many such reports, the Report of the Moyne Commission , compiled in the 1930s but embargoed till 1945 because of fear of social unrest, was the most well known. This welfare ideology was to expand, with the State taking increasing responsibility for ‘development

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
Open Access (free)
Jes Wienberg

ancient temples of Abu Simbel. Clearly, then, things are not necessarily that simple. The opponents of modernity The film Modern Times by Charlie Chaplin, who was both director and actor, depicts the US of the 1930s (Chaplin 1936 film). It associates the modern with industrial society, with that society’s increasing speed at factory assembly lines, and with unemployment and social unrest. The film communicated a criticism of modernity that was typical of its time, but it did so in a humorous way. For as long as modernity has been around, it has been

in Heritopia
Dirk Luyten
David Guilardian

in the field of mutual aid sought to prevent the emergence of socialism and workers’ organisations. 29 But the social unrest of the late nineteenth century forced new issues into the conversation. Spurred by a severe economic recession in the industrial regions of Wallonia, the violent strikes of 1886 brought the appalling working and living conditions of Belgian workers to

in Medical histories of Belgium
The politics of value and valuation in South Africa’s urban waste sector
Henrik Ernstson
Mary Lawhon
Anesu Makina
Nate Millington
Kathleen Stokes
, and
Erik Swyngedouw

from local and national governmental policies that aim to generate jobs in relation to a reconfigured waste value chain. And in spite of the quite meagre results of selling CERs and ‘avoiding’ greenhouse gas emissions through them, these projects have still served the purpose of advancing a techno-managerial and ecological modernisation architecture (Ernstson and Swyngedouw, 2018 ). However, since CDM also leads to direct labour displacement when landfill sites and waste streams are enclosed for private gains, there has been significant social unrest and

in African cities and collaborative futures