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Anarchist theory and practice in a global age

This book attempts to convey the different sociological contexts for how contemporary anarchist theory and practice is to be understood. It concentrates on the issue of broadening the parameters of how anarchist theory and practice is conceptualized. The book compares the major philosophical differences and strategies between the classical period (what Dave Morland calls 'social anarchism') and the contemporary anti-capitalist movements which he regards as being poststructuralist in nature. It also documents the emergence of the now highly influential anti-technological and anti-civilisational strand in anarchist thought. This offers something of a challenge to anarchism as a political philosophy of the Enlightenment, as well as to other contemporary versions of ecological anarchism and, to some extent, anarcho-communism. The book further provides a snapshot of a number of debates and critical positions which inform contemporary anarchist practice. The specific areas covered offer unique perspectives on sexuality, education, addiction and mental health aspects of socialisation and how this can be challenged at a number of different levels. The fact that anarchism has largely premised its critique on a psychological dimension to power relations, not just a material one, has been an advantage in this respect. Ecological anarchism, which has been the driving force behind much contemporary anarchist theory and practice, has been committed to thinking about the relationships between people and 'nature' in new ways.

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Part 1I Doing The following four chapters provide a snapshot of a number of debates and critical positions which inform contemporary anarchist practice. The specific areas covered offer unique perspectives on aspects of socialisation – sexuality, education, addiction and mental health – and how this can be challenged at a number of different levels. Each of the contributors comes from a specialist professional or activist background (rather than an established academic one), and to varying degrees the chapters bear out points made in Part I, ‘Thinking’ regarding

in Changing anarchism
Core historical concepts reconsidered

democratic constitution. Space does not allow an analysis of reformminded forces in the nations formerly dominated by communist parties (e.g. the Yugoslav system of self-management; the council movement in the Hungarian uprising of 1956; or the reforms during the ‘Prague Spring’) or initiatives in the developing world. Instead, the chapter focuses on those developments that were most influential in the capitalist West: first, guild socialism in Britain and the combination of the council movement and socialisation in Germany and Austria after the First World War; second

in In search of social democracy

protagonist. Ils disent que je suis une beurette relates the experiences of a -year-old girl, Samia, through until the age of , while Beur’s story is set during the year of the baccalauréat for Malika. By their focus on the education system, all three texts point up the pivotal role played by the socialisation process and formation of identity in beur women’s writing, as the narrators attempt to negotiate the influences of their French and Arabic cultures, cultures habitually portrayed as antithetical in their Occidental/Christian and Oriental/Muslim traditions. The

in Women’s writing in contemporary France

a structure, function and ideology which is intended to ‘educate’ or ‘cure’ inmates, moving them from invalid categories of ‘negative subject’ into institutional ideas of ‘normality’ and the ‘ideal subject’. Artistic expression is often encouraged in this socialisation process and this is professionally justified through models of ‘art therapy’, ‘art education’ and ‘client-led’ or collaborative art practices. I propose that it is possible to create a further, anarchist,1 model which is based on the ‘validation’ (rather than stigmatisation) of the (artistic

in Changing anarchism
Is the CFSP sui generis?

’ (Regelsberger 1988 : 36). The socialisation (or Europeanisation) effect to which this gave rise was further helped by the initial absence of formally specified procedures, providing participants in the process with the freedom to establish the ‘rules of the game’ as they went along, thus creating a sense of ‘ownership’ of the process. As Michael E. Smith points out, ‘CFSP insiders consistently stress the value of

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
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criminal’s reintegration into society. The key function of the ‘penitentiary’, it became the essence of the strategy of social control adopted following the advent of the capitalist mode of production. The penitentiary was viewed as the perfect instrument for turning the masses of former peasants migrating into the towns into industrial manpower. It became a place of forced socialisation and was structured according to the

in Political concepts
A political–cultural approach

promote the identity, independence and influence of the nation-state s/he officially represents. The state is not, however, a natural, pre-given social construct. According to Giddens (1985) : 221), the crucial function of nationalism is to ‘naturalize the recency and contingency of the nation-state through supplying its myths of origin’. This political socialisation has an important security aspect. If the idea of the state

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
The social sphere

socialisation. Among all the agents of socialisation to which an individual is exposed throughout his/her childhood and youth, there is one which remains entirely faithful to the goals of the state: the state-run educational system. Moreover, the official conduit for the inculcation of democratic values among schoolchildren of all ages is the civic education curriculum. Any system of governance, no matter of which type, aspires to educate its citizens in the spirit of its beliefs. According to Michael Walzer, the aim of political socialisation is to unite citizens around

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
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captures the practice of socialising, hanging out, relaxing, or partying, which often involves outdoor eating, drinking, dancing, playing dominoes, chatting and spirited rounds of verbal sparring. Known as the dozens (United States), gaffing (Guyana), picong (Trinidad and Tobago), or keeping noise (Barbados), Afro-Caribbean men and women tease, heckle and mock each other in a friendly

in Sport in the Black Atlantic