José Luís Fiori

states, depends on preparation for war against real or virtual enemies, which are created by the contradictions of the system. The disappearance of competition would lead to the hegemon – and indeed other states – losing power and the system would face ‘entropic homogenisation’. Contrary to the propositions of hegemonic stability theory, it is impossible for the leading power to stabilise the system. Competing and warring to expand, the hegemon often must destroy the very rules and institutions it authored, usually after a great military victory

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino
and
Birthe Anders

Here?’ Policy Brief , ( London : HPG/Overseas Development Institute ). Wiharta , S. , Ahmad , H. , Haine , J-Y. , Löfgren , J. and Randall , T. ( 2008 ), The Effectiveness of Foreign Military Assets in Natural Disaster Response Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/236476AD3257088DC125741000474F20-sipri_mar2008.pdf (accessed 10 December 2018 ). Zyck , S. A. ( 2013 ), ‘Towards More Effective Civil-Military Information-Sharing in Stabilisation Contexts

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan
and
Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

recommendations for the sector. The emphasis – in this project at least – was on encouraging historical thinking and engaging in reflection. Trying to summarise those discussions and the myriad voices and disparate opinions that engaged in them to a set of easily referenceable lessons risked conforming to the ‘stabilising practices’ identified by Pascal Dauvin (2004) as a core characteristic of a professionalised aid industry. As he might have put it, we

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

MINUSTAH [the UN Stabilisation Mission in Haiti]. What strategic importance did you give to this? And how do you respond to criticisms? There have been reports of rape and violence committed by MINUSTAH soldiers, for example. Didn’t Brazil end up acting like any other regional hegemon, projecting power in its sphere of influence through the use of force and justifying this with expressions of humanitarian concern? CA: I’d say that, clearly, it was a moment of affirmation of Brazilian power – a moment to show that Brazil was prepared to use certain

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

consensus. In the words of Glasman (2020 : 2), ‘their [humanitarian numbers] raison d’être might well be to stabilise the relation between different humanitarian organisations competing for resources, public attention and access to target populations’. Focusing specifically on the Cameroon, Glasman (2020 : 231–4) documents the way OCHA created a ‘general score’ of humanitarian need to bring a diffracted humanitarian field together during the Central African

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

forensic truth. At the same time, the state-sanctioned speaking of the truth according to a prosecutorial logic ran counter to the core values of the customary institution, the established societal practices and the underlying principles of social existence. This short-circuit was reinforced by an additional friction. The Rwandan regime attempted to establish a territory, make a claim through the gacaca practice. The regime aimed at stabilising the gacaca assemblage and its practitioners. The gacaca process was introduced in a socio-political environment

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

This is a start-of-the-art consideration of the European Union’s crisis response mechanisms. It brings together scholars from a range of disciplinary backgrounds to examine how and why the EU responds to crises on its borders and further afield. The work is based on extensive fieldwork in among another places, Afghanistan, Libya, Mali and Iraq.

The book considers the construction of crises and how some issues are deemed crises and others not. A major finding from this comparative study is that EU crisis response interventions have been placing increasing emphasis on security and stabilisation and less emphasis on human rights and democratisation. This changes – quite fundamentally – the EU’s stance as an international actor and leads to questions about the nature of the EU and how it perceives itself and is perceived by others.

The volume is able to bring together scholars from EU Studies and Peace and Conflict Studies. The result showcases concept and theory-building alongside case study research.

Open Access (free)
Roslyn Kerr

drawn upon at various times in the book. First, technology is considered as a multiple, heterogeneous assemblage; second, it is seen as a stabilising device; and third, it appears as an actant. This chapter considers how these three views of technology are highly relevant to understanding the role of technologies within sporting practice. Technology as a heterogeneous assemblage One of the most famous philosophers to write about technology, Martin Heidegger ( 1977 , p. 1), argued that it is both a ‘means

in Sport and technology
Mørten Bøås
,
Bård Drange
,
Dlawer Ala'Aldeen
,
Abdoul Wahab Cissé
, and
Qayoom Suroush

, focusing on state stability to conflict management. This development is illustrated by the UN’s three so-called ‘stabilisation’ missions in the DR Congo, Central African Republic and Mali. Hence, Karlsrud (2018 : 1) argues that ‘Western states are shifting their strategy from liberal peacebuilding to stabilisation and counterterrorism’. The consequences, Karlsrud warns, is that ‘by primarily

in The EU and crisis response
Learning from the UN, NATO and OSCE
Loes Debuysere
and
Steven Blockmans

Directorate for CSDP and Crisis Response, Directorate ISP encompasses the old unit for Prevention of conflicts, Rule of law/SSR, Integrated approach, Stabilisation and Mediation (PRISM), which was regrouped with other CSDP parts of the house. The new directorate packs divisions responsible for, inter alia, concepts, knowledge management and training; conflict prevention and mediation; and international

in The EU and crisis response