Mass violence is one of the defining phenomena of the twentieth century, which some have even called the 'century of genocides'. The study of how the dead body is treated can lead us to an understanding of the impact of mass violence on contemporary societies. Corpses of mass violence and genocide, especially when viewed from a biopolitical perspective, force one to focus on the structures of the relations between all that participates in the enfolding case study. Argentina is an extraordinary laboratory in the domain of struggle against impunity and of 'restoration of the truth'. It constitutes a useful paradigm in the context of reflection on the corpses of mass violence. Its special character, in the immediate aftermath of the military dictatorship, is to test almost the entirety of juridical mechanisms in the handling of state crimes. The trigger for both the intercommunal violence and the civil war was the mass murders by the Ustaša. This book discusses the massacres carried out by the Ustaša in Croatia during the Second World War. After a brief presentation of the historical background, the massacres carried out by the Ustaša militia and their corpse disposal methods are described. Using Rwanda as a case study, the book proposes an agenda for ethnographic research to explore the relationship between concealment and display in contexts of genocide. This relationship is explored in detail after a discussion of the historical background to the 1994 genocide.
Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence
short, the last twenty-five years have witnessed a more
confident, critical, connected and outward-looking criminology,
engaging with the sometimes disturbingly plentiful ‘raw materials’
of mass crime and international justice associated with profound
historical events and transitions. While far from ‘mainstream’,
there are now substantive works associated with conceptual
variants of mass violence: statecrime;18 international and supranational crime;19 and atrocity crimes and transitional justice.20
Examples of dedicated institutions,21 journals,22 book series 23
Embodying the disappeared of the Argentinian dictatorship through law
character, in the immediate aftermath
of the military dictatorship, is to test almost the entirety of juridical mechanisms in the handling of statecrimes: adoption of
self-amnesty under the military government of General Reynaldo
Bignone, in the name of ‘pacification of the country’ and of ‘social
reconciliation’ just before his fall; then the creation of the National
Commission on the Disappearance of Persons (Comisión Nacional
sobre la Desaparición de Personas, CONADEP) by Raúl Alfonsín,
initiator of the democratic transition (1983); the publication in
1984 of the
.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20829911 (accessed 23.12.12).
18 See Presidential Decree No. 136 of 2014. See also ‘Egypt: Decree Allowing Armed
Forces to Assist Law Enforcement Agencies in Protecting Government and Public
Facilities’ (Global Legal Monitor, 06.11.14), available at www.loc.gov/law/foreign-news/
protecting-government-and-public-facilities (accessed 01.08.19).
20 ‘25 January 2013: The Revolution Two Years On … Injustice Continues StateCrimes
(CD 1994: VIII.3).
The strong stateCrime is one of the main topics in the party literature, often combined with
the (interlinked) issues of drugs and foreigners. According to the CD the
Netherlands has become one of the least safe countries in Europe (e.g. CDa
2/90). This is the consequence of the failed policies of the established parties, whose reorganisation of the police has led to chaos in organisation and
These points are to some extent in conflict with its positive stand on assimilation, as the CD
seems to exclude ‘minorities’ from the group of ‘Dutch