New writers, new literatures in the 1990s
Editors: Gill Rye and Michael Worton

The 1990s witnessed an explosion in women's writing in France, with a particularly exciting new generation of writer's coming to the fore, such as Christine Angot, Marie Darrieussecq and Regine Detambel. This book introduces an analysis of new women's writing in contemporary France, including both new writers of the 1990s and their more established counter-parts. The 1990s was an exciting period for women's writing in France. The novels of Louise Lambrichs are brilliant but troubling psychological dramas focusing on the traumas that inhabit the family romance: incest, sterility, the death those we love and the terrible legacy of mourning. The body of writing produced by Marie Redonnet between 1985 and 2000 is an unusually coherent one. The book explores the possibility of writing 'de la mélancolie' through focusing on the work of Chantal Chawaf, whose writing may be described as 'melancholic autofiction', melancholic autobiographical fiction. It places Confidence pour confidence within Constant's oeuvre as a whole, and argues for a more positive reading of the novel, a reading that throws light on the trajectory of mother-daughter relations in her fiction. Christiane Baroche was acclaimed in France first as a short-story writer. Unable to experience the freedom of their brothers and fathers, beur female protagonists are shown to experience it vicariously through the reading, and the writing of, narratives. Clotilde Escalle's private worlds of sex and violence, whose transgressions are part of real lives, shock precisely because they are brought into the public sphere, expressed in and through writing.

Open Access (free)
Trauma, dream and narrative
Victoria Best

   Louise L. Lambrichs: trauma, dream and narrative The novels of Louise Lambrichs are brilliant but troubling psychological dramas focusing on the traumas that inhabit the family romance: incest, sterility, the death of those we love and the terrible legacy of mourning. Bringing together themes of loss and recompense, Lambrichs’s novels trace with infinite delicacy the reactions of those who suffer and seek obsessively for comfort and understanding. But equally they perform a subtle and often chilling evocation of the secrets, lies and crimes that

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
Expanding the work of the clinics
Caroline Rusterholz

practice. When the National Birth Control Association changed its name to the Family Planning Association in 1939, its members broadened the scope of the work of the association and extended it to providing advice for women and treatments for ‘involuntary sterility, minor gynaecological ailments and difficulties connected with the marriage relationships’. 13 This happened in a context where the mental hygiene movement and social psychiatry were gaining traction in interwar Britain, placing an emphasis

in Women’s medicine
Caroline Rusterholz

campaign for municipal clinics, and won its first battle in July 1930 when the Ministry of Health, through Memorandum 153/MCW, allowed contraceptive advice to be given in local maternity clinics to married women for whom further pregnancy would be detrimental to health. In 1926, a compilation titled Medical Views on Birth Control was published in which most of the authors repeated their moral reluctance to accept birth control and affirmed that its use caused sterility. This publication, Soloway explains, marked a turning point within the medical

in Women’s medicine
Maintaining trust
Heidi Mertes

. Quigley, S. Chan and J. Harris (eds), Stem Cells: New Frontiers in Science and Ethics, London: World Scientific Publishing, 137–62. Dondorp, W., and de Wert, G. (2011) ‘Innovative reproductive technologies: risks and responsibilities’, Human Reproduction, 26.7: 1604–8. Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (2013), ‘Donating embryos for human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research: a committee opinion’, Fertility and Sterility, 100: 935–9. European Commission (2011), ec.europa.eu/dgs/legal_service/arrets/10c034_en.pdf (last accessed 3 November

in The freedom of scientific research
Daniela Cutas and Anna Smajdor

of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) is to ‘help solve the reproductive problems caused by human sterility or infertility . . . when there are no other therapeutic means to remove the causes of sterility or infertility’ (Legge 40, 2004, art. 1). However, the law specifically stipulates that access to such technologies is limited to ‘adult couples of different sex, married or cohabiting, of reproductive age, both living’ (Legge 40, 2004, art. 5). A draft bill recently proposed in India would see access to surrogacy restricted to heterosexual couples married

in The freedom of scientific research
Caroline Rusterholz

a human right was also a means to ally politicians and governments, who might plausibly have been reluctant to support a feminist narrative. Another aim was to stimulate appropriate research in the following subjects: ‘the biological, demographic, social, economic and eugenic implications of human fertility and its control; methods of contraception; fertility, sub-fertility and sterility; sex education and marriage counselling’, 42 thus broadening the concept of ‘planned parenthood’. This

in Women’s medicine
Open Access (free)
The case of uterus and penis transplantation
Gennaro Selvaggi and Sean Aas

, 22.1: 1271–6. Brännström, M., Johannesson L., and Bokstrom H. et al. (2015), ‘Livebirth after uterus transplantation’, The Lancet, 385.9968: 607–16. New frontiers in surgery 89 Brännström, M., Johannesson L., and Dahm-Kahler P. et al. (2014), ‘First clinical uterus transplantation trial: a six month report’, Fertility and Sterility, 101.5: 1228–36. Brännström, M., Wranning C. A., and Altchek, A. (2010), ‘Experimental uterus transplantation’, Human Reproduction Update, 16.3: 329–45. Caplan, A. L., Kimberly, L. L., Parent, B., Sosin, M., and Rodrigues, E. D

in The freedom of scientific research
Witnessing, retribution and domestic reform
John Borneman

affirm inter-subjectivity (Tronto 1993; Borneman 1997b). Such care might take the form of a politics of sterility, which necessarily focuses radically on the present. This may be called the ethics of ‘caring for the enemy’. Recuperation of loss through revenge Revenge, too, increases the likelihood of violence. Revenge is an exchange, a form of taking-turn, in which individuals or groups engage in reciprocal violence. Much like the physical reproduction discussed above, revenge is an attempt to recover a loss. It is often motivated by individual frustration with

in Potentials of disorder
A British–French comparison
Caroline Rusterholz

observations they gained from their practical work and shared advice on the best way to insert a cap, using diagrams to illustrate their explanations. Chief among them was the American Dr Hannah Stone, who worked closely with Margaret Sanger. In addition to describing methods of birth control, women doctors provided statistics based on clinic records and case cards. The latter served the purpose of challenging the assumption that use of contraceptives led to sterility, but it was also a means of showing the extent of their accumulative experience and

in Women’s medicine