New writers, new literatures in the 1990s
Editors: Gill Rye and Michael Worton

The 1990s witnessed an explosion in women's writing in France, with a particularly exciting new generation of writer's coming to the fore, such as Christine Angot, Marie Darrieussecq and Regine Detambel. This book introduces an analysis of new women's writing in contemporary France, including both new writers of the 1990s and their more established counter-parts. The 1990s was an exciting period for women's writing in France. The novels of Louise Lambrichs are brilliant but troubling psychological dramas focusing on the traumas that inhabit the family romance: incest, sterility, the death those we love and the terrible legacy of mourning. The body of writing produced by Marie Redonnet between 1985 and 2000 is an unusually coherent one. The book explores the possibility of writing 'de la mélancolie' through focusing on the work of Chantal Chawaf, whose writing may be described as 'melancholic autofiction', melancholic autobiographical fiction. It places Confidence pour confidence within Constant's oeuvre as a whole, and argues for a more positive reading of the novel, a reading that throws light on the trajectory of mother-daughter relations in her fiction. Christiane Baroche was acclaimed in France first as a short-story writer. Unable to experience the freedom of their brothers and fathers, beur female protagonists are shown to experience it vicariously through the reading, and the writing of, narratives. Clotilde Escalle's private worlds of sex and violence, whose transgressions are part of real lives, shock precisely because they are brought into the public sphere, expressed in and through writing.

Open Access (free)
Trauma, dream and narrative
Victoria Best

   Louise L. Lambrichs: trauma, dream and narrative The novels of Louise Lambrichs are brilliant but troubling psychological dramas focusing on the traumas that inhabit the family romance: incest, sterility, the death of those we love and the terrible legacy of mourning. Bringing together themes of loss and recompense, Lambrichs’s novels trace with infinite delicacy the reactions of those who suffer and seek obsessively for comfort and understanding. But equally they perform a subtle and often chilling evocation of the secrets, lies and crimes that

in Women’s writing in contemporary France
Maintaining trust
Heidi Mertes

. Quigley, S. Chan and J. Harris (eds), Stem Cells: New Frontiers in Science and Ethics, London: World Scientific Publishing, 137–62. Dondorp, W., and de Wert, G. (2011) ‘Innovative reproductive technologies: risks and responsibilities’, Human Reproduction, 26.7: 1604–8. Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (2013), ‘Donating embryos for human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research: a committee opinion’, Fertility and Sterility, 100: 935–9. European Commission (2011), ec.europa.eu/dgs/legal_service/arrets/10c034_en.pdf (last accessed 3 November

in The freedom of scientific research
Daniela Cutas and Anna Smajdor

of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) is to ‘help solve the reproductive problems caused by human sterility or infertility . . . when there are no other therapeutic means to remove the causes of sterility or infertility’ (Legge 40, 2004, art. 1). However, the law specifically stipulates that access to such technologies is limited to ‘adult couples of different sex, married or cohabiting, of reproductive age, both living’ (Legge 40, 2004, art. 5). A draft bill recently proposed in India would see access to surrogacy restricted to heterosexual couples married

in The freedom of scientific research
Open Access (free)
The case of uterus and penis transplantation
Gennaro Selvaggi and Sean Aas

, 22.1: 1271–6. Brännström, M., Johannesson L., and Bokstrom H. et al. (2015), ‘Livebirth after uterus transplantation’, The Lancet, 385.9968: 607–16. New frontiers in surgery 89 Brännström, M., Johannesson L., and Dahm-Kahler P. et al. (2014), ‘First clinical uterus transplantation trial: a six month report’, Fertility and Sterility, 101.5: 1228–36. Brännström, M., Wranning C. A., and Altchek, A. (2010), ‘Experimental uterus transplantation’, Human Reproduction Update, 16.3: 329–45. Caplan, A. L., Kimberly, L. L., Parent, B., Sosin, M., and Rodrigues, E. D

in The freedom of scientific research
Witnessing, retribution and domestic reform
John Borneman

affirm inter-subjectivity (Tronto 1993; Borneman 1997b). Such care might take the form of a politics of sterility, which necessarily focuses radically on the present. This may be called the ethics of ‘caring for the enemy’. Recuperation of loss through revenge Revenge, too, increases the likelihood of violence. Revenge is an exchange, a form of taking-turn, in which individuals or groups engage in reciprocal violence. Much like the physical reproduction discussed above, revenge is an attempt to recover a loss. It is often motivated by individual frustration with

in Potentials of disorder
Ideology, physical destruction, and memory
Rémi Korman

that, beneath the veneer of rationalist discourse often heard in Rwanda, the fear of the spirits of the dead still persists, particularly in the countryside. Monseigneur Aloys Bigirumwami, the first Rwandan bishop, wrote in 1969 in his celebrated writings on the customs of Rwanda: The spirit of the deceased, the muzimu, will be either good or bad according to the subsequent good or bad fortune enjoyed by those who outlive him. Earthly successes are attributed to him, but so too are any instances of illness, sterility, or death afflicting members of his family, their

in Destruction and human remains
Jane Brooks

technologies.138 Historians of war nursing explore the practicalities of surgical work, including those aspects that are related to the patients themselves, wound care, asepsis and pain relief.139 Surgical work needs sterility in order to ensure patient safety. Yet, despite the difficulties presented in forward areas in providing a sterile environment and instruments, this aspect of war surgery has been largely excluded from the historical canon. Although the difficulties of sanitation may have been the most severe in mobile units that needed to move rapidly into battle

in Negotiating nursing
Hans Peter Broedel

defined not by their intellectual errors but by their membership in a secret society, by their demonolatry, and by their explicit pact with the devil.17 They won converts not by seductive arguments and preaching, but by the promise of occult powers. Black magic was an integral part of their program. At their meetings, the devil gave each member a variety of magical pharmaceuticals: a flying ointment made from boiled children, a venomous goo which caused death when touched, and powders which caused disease or sterility when scattered in the air. Sometimes the devil even

in The Malleus Maleficarum and the construction of witchcraft
Gender, sexual difference and knowledge in Bacon’s New Atlantis
Kate Aughterson

are with you seen infinite men that marry not, but chuse rather a libertine and impure single life, than to be yoked in marriage; and many that do marry, marry late, when the prime and strength of their years is past. And when they do marry, what is marriage to them, but a very bargain; wherein is sought alliance, or portion, or reputation, with some desire (almost indifferent) of issues; and not the faithful nuptial union of man and wife that was first instituted. (476–7) Read allegorically, sterility lies with European traditions (figured as the courtesan) and

in Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis