A Session at the 2019 Modern Language Association Convention
Robert Jackson, Sharon P. Holland and Shawn Salvant

“Interventions” was the organizing term for the presentations of three Baldwin scholars at the Modern Language Association Convention in Chicago in January of 2019. Baldwin’s travels and activities in spaces not traditionally associated with him, including the U.S. South and West, represent interventions of a quite literal type, while his aesthetic and critical encounters with these and other cultures, including twenty-first-century contexts of racial, and racist, affect—as in the case of Raoul Peck’s 2016 film I Am Not Your Negro—provide opportunities to reconsider his work as it contributes to new thinking about race, space, property, citizenship, and aesthetics.

James Baldwin Review
Simon Mabon

dichotomies. Those able to facilitate urban development projects were immediately positioned as those with power and influence and, as a consequence, the transformation of urban landscapes secured political power. Gaps in marginal regions result in a vacuum, filled by a range of documentary practices, including the face of martyrs on billboards, lamp posts, walls, commemorative structures and across public spaces.11 Such zones of indistinction thus become zones of possibility wherein agency can be exerted amid efforts to regulate life. Urban development and the

in Houses built on sand
Germany, Sweden and Australia compared
Ashley Lavelle

Whitlam, it implemented during its three years in power6 significant reforms based on the strength of the economy, including heavy spending on areas such as health, education, the arts, urban and regional development, and resources for disadvantaged groups. Even Marxist critics noted that in 1973 the government ramped up public spending, ‘first raising pensions in line with plans to peg them at 25 per cent of average weekly earnings. The 1973 budget doubled spending on education, tripled outlays on urban development, quadrupled spending on housing’ (O’Lincoln 1993: 132

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Pollution, contamination and the neglected dead in post-war Saigon
Christophe Robert

promoting cremation and the removal of cemeteries from city centres (Teather 2001). But in this case, as evidenced by Lam’s unexpected encounter with abject death, in addition to simply neutral ‘urban development’ we are dealing with lingering anxieties stemming from ethical violations surrounding the treatment of corpses and the deceased. The southern threshold of this area is a marsh crossed by a stinking, polluted stream called Black Water Creek. Its dark, slow waters meander through the flat landscape. The terrain is being prepared for development. Some of it has been

in Governing the dead
Lennart J. Lundqvist

the national government to develop more comprehensive national physical planning. Surveys were made in the late 1960s of foreseeable demands for natural resources over the next 30 years for industrial production, urban development, outdoor recreation, and environmental quality. To this was linked an inventory of the location and amount of available resources. Areas where future clashes of interest might occur were then pointed out. Following simulations of alternative land use patterns, principles were established for an adequate location of different resource

in Sweden and ecological governance
Alannah Tomkins

settlement; parents prevented children from taking apprenticeships if it meant they would lose a settlement in a parish with munificent charities, and outsiders would strive to acquire settlements in such places.58 Finally, as Armstrong has observed, York was to become the focus of Rowntree’s influential report on poverty at the end of the nineteenth century, making it an intriguing subject for the study of poverty in earlier periods.59 Pawnshop customers George Fettes held a key position in this framework of urban development and the experience of poverty. He kept a

in The poor in England 1700–1850
Open Access (free)
Fragmented structures in a complex system
Andreas Maurer

Division (EU, Council of Europe, OSCE, Bilateral Co-Operation with EC Member States) Education, Science and Technology – Directorate 12 Directorate 31 Directorate 42 5 Divisions dealing with EC affairs 1 Division on Higher Education and EC affairs 1 Division on European Science co-operation Economic Co-operation Department 4 Directorate 40 2 Divisions Regional Planning, Building and Urban Development – – Division on Harmonisation of technical norms and Working Group on European Co-Operation Sources: Organisation plans of the Federal ministries and the

in Fifteen into one?
Open Access (free)
Continuous theatre for a creative city
David Calder

’ industrial business. Shipbuilding accounted for almost 20 per cent.10 Though shipbuilding was not the city’s most profitable industry, it surpassed all others in its transformation of Nantes’ urban and fluvial landscape. Early in the eighteenth century Nantes’ urban development pushed shipbuilding activities west to Chézine and gradually further west to Chantenay. Other shipbuilding activities developed on the Prairie-auDuc, one of numerous small islands in the Loire. As Nantes grew, shipbuilding activities became concentrated here and at Chantenay, and as naval

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
Staging class aboard the omnibus
Masha Belenky

centimes.’ (This is a truly popular institution, created for the sake of general interest; it’s based on the legitimate satisfaction of the needs of all social classes who are able to spare 30 centimes.) In fact, the author credits the omnibus with myriad recent advances in urban development, such as ‘polices des rues, amélioration de la voie publique, tendance au nivellement du prix des loyers entre les faubourgs et le centre’ 17 (policing of streets, improvement in road conditions, a levelling of rent prices between city centre and the suburbs). Likewise, Emmeline

in Engine of modernity