Louise Zamparutti

This essay analyses the literature on the foibe to illustrate a political use of human remains. The foibe are the deep karstic pits in Istria and around Trieste where Yugoslavian Communist troops disposed of Italians they executed en masse during World War II. By comparing contemporary literature on the foibe to a selection of archival reports of foibe exhumation processes it will be argued that the foibe literature popular in Italy today serves a political rather than informational purpose. Counterpublic theory will be applied to examine how the recent increase in popular foibe literature brought the identity of the esuli, one of Italy‘s subaltern counterpublics, to the national stage. The paper argues that by employing the narrative structure of the Holocaust, contemporary literature on the foibe attempts to recast Italy as a counterpublic in the wider European public sphere, presenting Italy as an unrecognised victim in World War II.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

victimhood. By erecting a memorial, they have reinserted their collective memory into the historiography of the occupation. It is evident that Figure 10.1  Workers using rudimentary tools to excavate the mass grave at Parit Tinggi. Figure 10.2  Excavated remains from the Parit Tinggi mass grave are placed at a temporary tomb awaiting burial at Kuala Pilah Chinese Cemetery. Mass graves in post-war Malaysia   229 by omitting any mention of the Second Sino-Japanese War on any of the inscriptions at this site, the survivors and descendants who participated in the exhumation

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
Thefts, violence and sexual threats
Jenny DiPlacidi

focuses on representations of property in Radcliffe’s novels, according to certain lines of scholarship, recapitulates the Gothic narratives of female victimhood and resistance. Lauren Fitzgerald, for example, writes that Ellen Moers’s examination of property in The Mysteries of Udolpho demonstrates the ways feminist critics ‘often reproduce the plots and characters of their object of study’ by

in Gothic incest
Katariina Kyrölä

whether to engage, instead of being bombarded without warning with content that can produce emotional distress and therefore prohibit engagement (Carter, 2015; Cecire, 2014). For the feminist anti-​trigger warning public debaters, the same warnings have been seen as extensions of a culture of overprotection and paradoxical celebration of victimhood, focusing on individual psychology rather than oppressive structures. From the opposing perspective, the proponents of trigger warnings infantilise themselves and unwittingly pathologise the reading and watching practices of

in The power of vulnerability
Catherine Baker

of national victimhood, prominent public roles for religious organisations, constriction of women's public participation, demographic panics about ethnic majorities, and weakened reproductive rights – after state socialism collapsed (Verdery 1994 : 250). Racism and xenophobia against Roma, Jews, other minorities and historic ethnic Others, plus undocumented migrants crossing into the EU, were another dimension of postsocialist ‘nation-building’ (Bošković 2006 : 560), creating what the Slovenian sociologist Tonči Kuzmanić ( 2002 : 21) termed a ‘new … post

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Applied drama, ‘sympathetic presence’ and person-centred nursing
Matt Jennings, Pat Deeny and Karl Tizzard-Kleister

vulnerability, away from ideas of victimhood and passivity. Political philosopher Martha Fineman ( 2008 ) suggests that far from being a state of lower status and victimhood, vulnerability is in fact a key ontological feature of being human. Nicholson defines applied drama as providing a creative space where ‘people feel safe enough to take risks and to allow themselves and others to experience vulnerability’ ( 2005 : 129). If nursing education struggles to provide such a ‘safe space’ for students to challenge the perception of vulnerability as a sign of ‘victimhood

in Performing care
Antonia Lucia Dawes

ongoing loss as a way of talking about everyday, lived transcultural encounters. This kind of melancholic approach to loss and subordination entailed a process of grieving that could potentially unpick the cultural inheritances that perpetuated racism in ways that were both ambivalent and aggressive and (Ramazani cited in Clewell 2002 : 54). As such, it was politically significant because accounts of Neapolitan subordination were commonly used – by people doing anti-racist organisation as well as people in the street – in order to connect Neapolitan historic victimhood

in Race talk
Open Access (free)
A reminder from the present
Pete Shirlow

do not feel welcome. Unionist resistance to a united Ireland is partly sectarian but is increasingly based upon a self-understanding of past, present and future victimhood. The creation of the Northern Ireland Assembly also sought to persuade those who favour the unification of Ireland to be less impetuous in their demands for radical political change. The Social Democratic and Labour Party, which aims to play the postnationalist card in Northern Irish politics, has seen its fortunes degenerate as the more vociferous nationalist politics of Sinn Féin emerge as the

in The end of Irish history?
From universalisation to relativism
David Bruce MacDonald

enemy of many other people, and they too can potentially claim some sense of victimhood, since he did not simply destroy the Jews – he also destroyed Western civilisation in the process, according to Steiner. In this sense, the lessons of the Holocaust are specifically applicable to the Jews, but universally applicable to everyone else. Because Hitler destroyed Christian morality, Jews have no choice but to share their Devil with the rest of the world, as Harold Kaplan explains: ‘all men have become “jews” (with the small “j” in Jean-François Lyotard’s usage) and must

in Balkan holocausts?
Open Access (free)
David M. Turner and Daniel Blackie

support their campaigns for better safety and provision for the injured, as well as to stand for the sufferings of all coalminers in the face of what mining activist Edward Rymer (himself ‘half blind’ and a ‘cripple’) termed the ‘mighty Juggernaut’ of industrial capitalism.12 The perceived ‘victimhood’ of disabled people could be a powerful resource in Conclusion 205 highlighting the cruel practices of employers during disputes, as the stories of elderly and impaired persons being evicted from company housing during the 1844 strike in north-east England

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution