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://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/final-report-high-level-expert-group-fake-news-and-online-disinformation (accessed 15 June 2018) . Fahy , D. ( 2017 ), ‘ Objectivity, False Balance, and Advocacy in News Coverage of Climate Change ’, Oxford Research Encylopedia of Climate Science ( Oxford : Oxford University Press ). Foer , F. ( 2018 ), ‘ Reality’s End ’, The Atlantic , May 2018 . Franks , S. ( 2008 ), ‘ Getting into Bed with Charity ’, British Journalism Review 19 : 3 , 27 – 32 . Gilbert , D. ( 2018 ), ‘ Iran Is Running an Online Disinformation Campaign on the Scale of Russia’s Troll

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

example, international norms about the slave trade and aspects of empire were agreed by major states. 3 UK prime minister Theresa May recently called global elites citizens not of the world but of ‘nowhere’ ( Merrick, 2017 ). Bibliography Barnett , M. ( 2011 ), Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism ( Ithaca, NY : Cornell University Press ). Barry , B. ( 1990 ), ‘ How Not to Defend Liberal Institutions ’, British Journal of Political Science , 20 : 1 , 1 – 14 . BBC ( 2018a ), ‘ Oxfam Haiti

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

. See, http://www.behaviouralinsights.co.uk/ 6 Except for limited pattern recognition, for Hayekian neoliberalism humans are held to be incapable of understanding society due to its alleged complexity. Fortuitously, however, the market compensates for human ignorance. The price mechanism functions like a computer and is able to achieve optimal resource allocation through its powers of spontaneous self-organisation. 7 A policy-exchange network managed by the Center for International Development at Harvard University. See: https

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement

authority in Sierra Leone is similarly emblematic of state–society relations. British colonialism left behind a bifurcated state ( Mamdani, 1996 ), with despotic chieftaincies in the hinterlands and a central state without roots in society. The civil war (1991–2002) was the culmination of decades of alienation and socio-economic exclusion, and rebel factions directed their anger at representatives of the ‘rotten system’, including chiefs, as symbols of abuses of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

(2013) and outbreak responses in Sierra Leone (2014–15) and Bangladesh (2017). The interview took place in Tanja’s office at the University of Manchester in April 2019. Tony Redmond: My responses refer specifically to the medical field, where I don’t think there has been much in the way of true innovation. And I think that is a failing. You can look at, say, plumpy’nut, for feeding children – that was a great innovation. Peanut butter, high calorie: the kids love it, it is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts

, Confounders and Ethical Considerations’ , MEFANET Journal , 4 : 1 , 44 – 9 . Bornstein , E. ( 2012 ), Disquieting Gifts: Humanitarianism in New Delhi ( Stanford, CA : Stanford University Press ). Burns , R. ( 2015 ), ‘ Rethinking Big Data in Digital Humanitarianism: Practices, Epistemologies, and Social

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

The international growth and influence of bioethics has led some to identify it as a decisive shift in the location and exercise of 'biopower'. This book provides an in-depth study of how philosophers, lawyers and other 'outsiders' came to play a major role in discussing and helping to regulate issues that used to be left to doctors and scientists. It discusses how club regulation stemmed not only from the professionalising tactics of doctors and scientists, but was compounded by the 'hands-off' approach of politicians and professionals in fields such as law, philosophy and theology. The book outlines how theologians such as Ian Ramsey argued that 'transdisciplinary groups' were needed to meet the challenges posed by secular and increasingly pluralistic societies. It also examines their links with influential figures in the early history of American bioethics. The book centres on the work of the academic lawyer Ian Kennedy, who was the most high-profile advocate of the approach he explicitly termed 'bioethics'. It shows how Mary Warnock echoed governmental calls for external oversight. Many clinicians and researchers supported her calls for a 'monitoring body' to scrutinise in vitro fertilisation and embryo research. The growth of bioethics in British universities occurred in the 1980s and 1990s with the emergence of dedicated centres for bioethics. The book details how some senior doctors and bioethicists led calls for a politically-funded national bioethics committee during the 1980s. It details how recent debates on assisted dying highlight the authority and influence of British bioethicists.

chap 1 23/9/03 1:14 pm Page 3 1 Uncertainty, economy and improvisation In 1973 the finances of most British universities lay at the mercy of politicians and were subject to capricious cuts in public spending. Their precarious situation was a consequence of the state-financed expansion of the previous decades. What taxpayers gave, their elected representatives could pare and trim when the economy wilted and crisis loomed. In the midst of high inflation both Conservative and Labour governments failed to compensate universities for increases in the cost of

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
The emergence of bioethics in British universities

5 ‘A service to the community as a whole’: the emergence of bioethics in British universities Bioethics made inroads into British universities during the 1980s, thanks largely to those individuals, groups and political changes that we have already encountered. During the late 1970s and early 1980s members of medical groups and public figures such as Ian Kennedy called for greater emphasis on medical ethics in student training. They also stressed the benefits of ‘non-medical’ input, claiming that it relieved clinicians from teaching responsibilities and would

in The making of British bioethics

9 Student community engagement for employability and entrepreneurship in Senegal Lamine Kane, Aliou Guissé and Latyr Diouf History After connecting online, Lamine Kane of the sub-Saharan Africa Participatory Action Research Network (REPAS) and Juliet Millican from the University of Brighton used a travel grant from the British Council to meet for exploratory discussions in Dakar with members of REPAS, the Department of Applied Economics (ENEA) at Cheikh Diop University (UCAD), and nearby local communities. These discussions led to the joint preparation of a

in Knowledge, democracy and action