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A ‘special relationship’?

Harold Wilson, Lyndon B. Johnson and Anglo-American relations ‘at the summit’, 1964–68

Jonathan Colman

This book is based mainly on government sources, namely material from the White House, State Department, Foreign Office (FO), Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), Prime Minister's Office (PREM) and Cabinet (CAB). Private papers consulted include those of Harold Wilson, Foreign Secretary George Brown and Undersecretary of State George Ball. The book explores a period of the Wilson-Johnson relationship. It considers the seven weeks from Wilson's election until he went to see Lyndon B. Johnson on 7-9 December, a formative period in which Britain cultivated American financial support and which saw pre-summit diplomacy over the NATO Multilateral Force (MLF). The book covers the summit in detail, examining the diplomatic exchanges over the Vietnam War, the British commitment East of Suez and the MLF, as well as the interplay of personality between Wilson and Johnson. By exploring the relationship of the two leaders in the years 1964-1968, it seeks to examine their respective attitudes to the Anglo-American relationship. The book then assesses the significance of an alleged Anglo-American strategic-economic 'deal', Wilson's 'Commonwealth Peace Mission' to Vietnam, and another Wilson visit to Washington. It also considers why the personal relationship between Johnson and Wilson suffered such strain when the Labour government 'dissociated' the UK from the latest American measures in Vietnam. Next, the book addresses the period from August 1966-September 1967, during which Wilson launched an intense but abortive effort to initiate peace negotiations over Vietnam, and London announced plans to withdraw from military bases East of Suez.

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Jonathan Colman

enlisted ‘mercenaries’. Wilson always denied striking a deal with Johnson, but in truth he did accept the link between Britain’s defence posture and the ease of securing US support for sterling. On 17 June, Wilson initiated his ‘Commonwealth Peace Mission’ to try to bring peace to Vietnam, essentially on American terms. He believed that he had Johnson’s firm support, but the President was in fact hostile towards the scheme, which

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‘The most potent public relations tool ever devised’?

The United States Peace Corps in the early 1960s

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Agnieszka Sobocinska

-Welch , A. , ‘ Imperial Legacies and Internationalist Discourses: British Involvement in the United Nations Freedom from Hunger Campaign, 1960–70 ’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History , 40 : 5 ( 2012 ), pp. 879 – 96 . Cobbs Hoffman , E. , All You Need is Love: The Peace Corps and the Spirit of the 1960s ( Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press , 1998

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Eşref Aksu

. First are the relatively small-scale UN fact-finding and/or peace observation missions. One UN publication clearly distinguishes between two categories of UN peacekeeping operations: ‘observer missions’ and ‘peacekeeping forces’. 51 Yet, not all UN-initiated small-scale observer missions are universally thought to belong to the domain of UN peacekeeping. The UN Special Committee on the Balkans

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Australasia

‘Australia for the White Man’

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Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips and Shurlee Swain

In 1908 the prominent Australian magazine Bulletin took as its masthead the phrase ‘Australia for the White Man’. It would prove a brief and pithy indication of the place that any man or woman of colour, including Aborigines, the first people of the land, would find in the newly federated Commonwealth of Australia. From the 1870s to the first decade of the twentieth

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‘A new kind of patriotism’?

British women in international politics

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Heloise Brown

, until May Wright Sewall resigned the ICW presidency and took up the chairmanship.46 Despite these very practical problems, the rhetorical commitment to ‘peace’ and women’s ‘natural’ relationship to it remained. Lady Aberdeen and Bertha von Suttner spoke again on the question of peace at the 1904 ICW meeting, and May Wright Sewall pointedly referred to her mission to keep the National Councils actively supporting the peace resolution. The result of the 1899 resolution, she told the 1904 Universal Peace Congress, ‘was what may be called an educational campaign

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Working towards health, Christianity and democracy

American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–30

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Winifred C. Connerton

Enfermera, 20:3 (September 1946), 10–12. 47 ‘Gonzalez, Rosa Angelica’. 48 The commonwealths of Puerto Rico and Guam remain unincorporated territories of the US; Hawaii became the fiftieth state in the Union in 1959. 49 I. R.  Tyrrell, Reforming the World:  The Creation of America’s Moral Empire (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010). 50 B. Reeves-Ellington, K. K. Sklar and C. A. Shemo, ‘Introduction’, in B. ReevesEllington, K. K. Sklar and C. A. Shemo (eds), Competing Kingdoms: Women, Mission, Nation, and the American Protestant Empire, 1812–1960 (Durham

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Eşref Aksu

… Cyprus … should enjoy full sovereignty and complete independence without any foreign intervention or interference’. 43 Equally important, the role prescribed for UNFICYP did not encompass human rights or humanitarian aid. The efforts of the UN mission, including both UNFICYP and mediators, were directed towards attainment of ‘peace and security’, but these concepts were not explicitly linked to

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Rhiannon Vickers

: Macmillan, rev. and enlarged edn, 1975), p. 97. 15 Robin Cook, ‘Mission Statement for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’, FCO, London, 12 May 1997. 16 Richard Taylor, Against the Bomb: The British Peace Movement, 1958– 1965 (Oxford: Clarendon, 1988), p. 305. Vic08 10/15/03 10:25 PM CONCLUSION Page 209 209 17 Arthur Henderson, Labour’s Way to Peace (London: Methuen, 1935), p. 30. 18 LPACR, 1914, p. 95. 19 LPACR, 1940, p. 125. 20 LPACR, 1912, p. 91. 21 J. Ramsay MacDonald, Labour and International Relations (Derby: Derby and District ILP Federation, 1917), p. 5. 22

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Eşref Aksu

’. 48 The so-called (from the colour of its binding) ‘Red Book’ consisted of one overview paper, six working papers, and three supplementary papers: see Cambodia: An Australian Peace Proposal (Canberra: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Commonwealth of Australia, Working Papers for the Informal Meeting on Cambodia, Jakarta, 26–28 February 1990