Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation

interventions, or to create radical programmatic solutions, which, despite their uniqueness, adhere to strict programme ethical standards. One recent example of such a breakthrough occurred with the emergency response to the Ebola crisis and the development of a vaccine against the Zaire ebolavirus and implementation of a vaccination programme. The vaccine was developed within a fractional time envelope and administered to 27,000 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

three examines the first major breakthrough for the socio-cultural coalition – the annexing of a Declaration on Sport to the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997. The fourth section analyses the impact of the Declaration and examines the birth of the ‘new approach’ to sports policy 162 Sports law and policy in the European Union established throughout 1998 and 1999. The fifth section examines the 2000 Nice Declaration on Sport. Section six provides the concluding comment. The birth of socio-cultural ideas 1984–1995 The birth of a socio-cultural sporting agenda can be traced

in Sports law and policy in the European Union

team because of their nationality. This also assumes that the free movement provisions have direct effect. Such countries include Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Turkey, Poland, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria and Romania. Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein are part of the European Economic Area (EEA) and are thus fully covered by the ruling. As such the ruling fully applies to 18 European countries.42 The application of Article 81 may however alter the situation regarding the transfer of players from third countries.43 Fourth, the ruling does not affect the

in Sports law and policy in the European Union