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Oases of Humanity and the Realities of War

Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

Rony Brauman

humanitarian conventions were formalised as such, the treatment of POWs had become a key political issue with the rise of mass military mobilisations ( Farré, 2014 ). In the memory of the humanitarian movement, the Battle of Solferino stands as the inaugural event leading to the adoption of the first diplomatic treaty with humanitarian aims. A Franco-Sardinian coalition led by Napoleon III was fighting the Austrian army led by Emperor Franz Joseph. It was outside Solferino, a small town in northern Italy, that one of the bloodiest battles since the end of the Napoleonic

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Spenserian satire

A tradition of indirection

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Rachel E. Hile

This book examines the satirical poetry of Edmund Spenser and argues for his importance as a model and influence for younger poets writing satires in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. The book focuses on reading satirical texts of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries in relation to one another, with specific attention to the role that Edmund Spenser plays in that literary subsystem. The book connects key Spenserian texts in The Shepheardes Calender and the Complaints volume with poems by a range of authors in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, including Joseph Hall, Thomas Nashe, Tailboys Dymoke, Thomas Middleton, and George Wither to advance the thesis that Spenser was seen by his contemporaries as highly relevant to satire in Elizabethan England. For scholars of satire, the book offers a fuller discussion and theorization of the type of satire that Spenser wrote, “indirect satire,” than has been provided elsewhere. A theory of indirect satire benefits not just Spenser studies, but satire studies as well. For scholars of English Renaissance satire in particular, who have tended to focus on the formal verse satires of the 1590s to the exclusion of attention to more indirect forms such as Spenser’s, this book is a corrective, an invitation to recognize the importance of a style of satire that has received little attention.

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Rachel E. Hile

significantly as did others of his works. To put it mildly, it would have appeared presumptuous in the extreme for a young satirist of the 1590s to use The Faerie Queene as a pretext. Although I argue in this chapter that Joseph Hall does precisely that in Virgidemiarum Sixe Bookes, it was a bold move, which he presents as such and mitigates through obsequiously emphasizing the value of Spenser among poets. In my study, I have found Spenser’s earlier, shorter, more modest (in rota terms) poetry to be more productive of imitation and allusion among younger poets in the 1590s

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Past the memoir

Winifred Dolan beyond the West End

Lucie Sutherland

theatre management. Early in 1904 Dolan moved on to a post as London Secretary for the Women’s Unionist Association (an adjunct of the Conservative Party), and when the organisation was disbanded in 1917 she became a teacher at ­70 The social and theatrical realm the Catholic New Hall School (then with an all-female student body), in Chelmsford. She was responsible for the introduction of regular drama work for the students, a feature that continues to be cited as characteristic of the school.2 Dolan was offered a home there, even into retirement, and she developed

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Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

catered halls which had to pay large wage bills. The NUS, as the national negotiating body, ceased for a time to argue for increases which would have restored the grant to its old level. Such ill-timed demands would have seemed absurdly unrealistic, dwarfing the wage claims made by public sector workers, and would have stigmatised students as greedy and naïve. Few tangible results flowed from ritual protests, such as burning Sir Keith Joseph in effigy chap 12 23/9/03 270 1:19 pm Page 270 The 1980s or conducting all-night work-ins in the John Rylands Library with

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Paul Salzman

author/protagonist of Bishop Joseph Hall’s Mundus Alter et Idem (‘A World Different and Yet the Same’), published in Latin in 1605 and in an English translation in 1609. I will return to Hall’s work in detail below; it is important to note here that Mundus Alter et Idem is fiercely satirical, rather in the manner of Gulliver’s Travels, and is quite different from the musings of Burton about an idealised world which will contrast with the diseased world of reality. Burton sees himself as creating his utopia, not discovering it: ‘I will chuse a site.’9 Burton’s utopia is

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Steve Sohmer

privileged young Englishmen and their mistresses and wives attended a play believed to be Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night in the hall of the Middle Temple, one of London’s four legal-social men’s foundations collectively known as the Inns of Court. 1 The occasion was Candlemas, officially the Feast of the Presentation of Our Lord in the

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Charles V. Reed

generation was embraced as a standard practice and duty. Educated principally in and about the empire, rather than the Continent, tutored by Joseph Chamberlain, and coming of age in an era of perceived imperial crisis, the future George V accepted and embraced the dignified functions of the empire without his grandmother’s struggle for political power, on one hand, or bereaved ambivalence, on the other. In

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Joseph Jaconelli

Joseph Jaconelli 1 What is a trial? Joseph Jaconelli I Three questions To pose the question, ‘What is a trial?’, is to invite an answer which aims to transcend particular times, places and cultures. It is to suggest that, stripped of the rules that are peculiar to particular legal systems, those processes that are properly called ‘trials’ contain some inner essence. It is to claim that the proceedings against Socrates under Athenian law in 399 bc and those brought against Jesus in ad 30 under Jewish and Roman legal procedures have features in common with the

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Mary Chamberlain

Bim , 12 which emerged in the 1940s as a decisive regional cultural journal. Collymore also had a personal library to which he allowed pupils access. It was through Collymore that Lamming was introduced to the writings of, among others, Thomas Hardy and Joseph Conrad, and the poetry of Wilfred Owen. At a very young age Lamming could begin to imagine the cultural conditions of a new nationalism and