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Cultural readings of race, imperialism and transnationalism

This book analyses black Atlantic studies, colonial discourse analysis and postcolonial theory, providing paradigms for understanding imperial literature, Englishness and black transnationalism. Its concerns range from the metropolitan centre of Conrad's Heart of Darkness to fatherhood in Du Bois's The Souls of Black Folk; from the marketing of South African literature to cosmopolitanism in Achebe; and from utopian discourse in Parry to Jameson's theorisation of empire.

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Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

, 2016 ). Whatever you do, you cannot suggest that the train has stopped moving or people will lose heart, and faith, and will look around for other things to do with their time and money. Keep on believing it will work if we only try harder, spend more, revolutionise our thinking, learn lessons from past failures. Humanitarianism is the recognition, even in the midst of great suffering, that there is hope, a light in the darkness ( Hopgood, 2006 ). This hope is often fleeting for specific victims of conflict, famine and natural disasters, but

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

heart of its mandate, the role of public statements has been contested among the senior management, and MSF mostly undertakes its medical work without making public statements about abuses in its zones of operations ( Weissman, 2011 ). Both the ICRC and MSF have also run global campaigns concerned with attacks on medical missions and healthcare facilities. 2 While framed primarily in terms of protecting people’s access to medical and healthcare services, the absence of campaigns of a comparable scale concerned with attacks on other civilians is notable. While most

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

, M. ( 2017 ), ‘ Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election ’, Journal of Economic Perspectives , 31 : 2 , 211 – 36 . Aly , H. ( 2017 ), ‘ Media Perspectives: A Means to an End? Creating a Market for Humanitarian News from Africa ’, in Bunce , M. , Franks , S. and Paterson , C. (eds), Africa’s Media Image in the 21st Century: From the ‘Heart of Darkness’ to ‘Africa Rising’ ( London : Routledge ), pp. 129 – 31 . Barthes , R. ( 1977 ), Image/Music/Text ( New York

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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The imperial metropolis of Heart of Darkness

chapter1 21/12/04 11:07 am Page 21 1 Tale of the city: the imperial metropolis of Heart of Darkness Many decades ago, in Discourse on Colonialism, Aimé Césaire drew attention to the ‘boomerang effect’ of imperialism. His account suggests that the boomerang operates at two speeds. The fast boomerang returns as soon as it is dispatched: the brutal dehumanisation to which the colonised are subjected is immediately visited upon the coloniser, leading Césaire to the conclusion that ‘colonization … dehumanizes even the most civilized man: that the colonizer, who

in Postcolonial contraventions

’ as well as his detachment. The narrator is able to call the foetus by name, but that he is calling at all is indication of their separation. The poem becomes not merely the expression of a search for contact with the lost self but a map, a path ‘endlessly back’ to where the child lies ‘stifling in the mind’s gloom’. Here again is the straining of poetic sight in the mind’s dark on a journey toward the lost self.3 ‘The Letter’, from Thomas’s Poetry for Supper (1958) is also a poem about the process of poetic composition. The letter of the title may as readily be a

in R. S. Thomas
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: chapter5 28/1/05 1:31 pm Page 117 Science and nature 117 I, though I am not blind, feel my way about God, exploring him in darkness. Sometimes he is a wind, carrying me off; sometimes a fire devouring me. Rarely, too rarely he is as the scent at the heart of a great flower I lean over and fall into. (48) The imagery here suddenly shifts from the tangible and finite elephant of the opening lines to the more abstruse imagery of spiritual experience. Corresponding to that shift, the whole tone of the poem modulates from the comic to the mystical. Deity becomes, in

in R. S. Thomas
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, upon a willing reception of those advances by the other. One finds in the final line that the lovers have previously known failure in their repeated attempts to cross the treacherous ‘fathoms’ of the heart. Thomas highlights by this image of dangerous depths the delicacy of the love relationship, but also, and most importantly here, the poignancy and power of its success: Were there currents between them? Why, when he thought darkly, would the nerves play at her lips’ brim? What was the heart’s depth? There were fathoms in her, too, and sometimes he crossed them and

in R. S. Thomas
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White male vulnerability as heterosexual fantasy

). ‘Exploring grey zones and blind spots in the binaries and boundaries of E.  L. James’ Fifty Shades trilogy’, Feminist Media Studies, 13:3, pp. 558–​662. Hochschild, A. (2003 [1983]). The Managed Heart:  Commercialization of Human Feeling. Berkeley: University of California Press. Illouz, E. (2014). Hard-​Core Romance: ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’, Best-​Sellers, and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. James, E. L. (2012a). Fifty Shades of Grey. New York: Vintage. James, E. L. (2012b). Fifty Shades Darker. New York: Vintage. James, E. L. (2012c). Fifty Shades Freed

in The power of vulnerability
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Writing home in recent Irish memoirs and autobiographies (John McGahern’s Memoir, Hugo Hamilton’s The Speckled People, Seamus Deane’s Reading in the Dark and John Walsh’s The Falling Angels)

9780719075636_4_013.qxd 16/2/09 9:29 AM Page 232 13 ‘Sacred spaces’: writing home in recent Irish memoirs and autobiographies (John McGahern’s Memoir, Hugo Hamilton’s The Speckled People, Seamus Deane’s Reading in the Dark and John Walsh’s The Falling Angels) Stephen Regan One of the familiar conventions of autobiography is its revelation of an individual life through a compelling first-person narrative voice. To work upon its readers most effectively, autobiography needs to present the life in question as both unique and typical; it must offer an appealing

in Irish literature since 1990