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Advocates and opponents of humanitarian intervention From the 1860s onwards, international law became an academic discipline in its own right in Europe and the Americas, taught separately from philosophy, natural law or civil law, and came to be written by professional academics or theoretically inclined diplomats. 1 Until then what existed was the droit public de l’Europe or ‘external public law’. Britain in particular had to

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

least in theory, to humanitarian efforts. ‘Civilians are not simply the victims of conflicts, they are the very target of conflicts; this is a significant change, at least with regard to the twentieth century ’, the director of operations for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said in 1999 ( Tauxe, 1999 ; emphasis added). With the launch of the ‘War on Terror’ following the 9/11 attacks, violations of international humanitarian law (IHL) have been

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

In the aftermath of conflict and gross human rights violations, victims have a right to know what happened to their loved ones. Such a right is compromised if mass graves are not adequately protected to preserve evidence, facilitate identification and repatriation of the dead and enable a full and effective investigation to be conducted. Despite guidelines for investigations of the missing, and legal obligations under international law, it is not expressly clear how these mass graves are best legally protected and by whom. This article asks why, to date, there are no unified mass-grave protection guidelines that could serve as a model for states, authorities or international bodies when faced with gross human rights violations or armed conflicts resulting in mass graves. The paper suggests a practical agenda for working towards a more comprehensive set of legal guidelines to protect mass graves.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Editor’s Introduction

trend to shift the use of risk management from enabling operations and facilitating access to populations to protecting the organisation from legal or reputational risks. All the contributions demonstrate that a reliance on international humanitarian law (IHL) and humanitarian principles to ensure the security of humanitarian teams and projects might well be unfounded. Rony Brauman offers his own historical perspective, challenging the idea of humanitarian exceptionalism and the protective function of IHL and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

are responsible for staff security as compared with civilian protection. An advert for a ‘Staff Safety and Resilience Manager’ for World Vision in South Sudan, for example, lists ‘police/law enforcement or military training’ among the requirements ( World Vision, 2018 ). Military-consulting firms have been hired by humanitarian agencies to conduct threat assessments and to provide advice and training on staff security to international humanitarian agencies

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

Foley , C. ( 2009 ), ‘ Innovations in International Humanitarian Action’ , 8th Review of Humanitarian Action ( London : Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action ). Ramalingam , B. , Rush , H. , Bessant , J. et al . ( 2015

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

that the major Western powers have been complicit in creating (think Vietnam, Congo, Cambodia, Iraq, Syria, to name just a few). All of which confronts humanitarians with an existential choice. How might they function in a world which doesn’t have liberal institutions at its core? Human rights activists struggle given they rely on broad international agreement – treaties, customary law, courts, Western foreign-policy support – to do their work. Is humanitarianism any different? The version of global humanitarianism with which we are familiar might not

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation

international guidelines for donors to standardise their implementation ( Waugaman, 2016 ). Advances in technology and their distribution have been so profound that the Global Burden of Disease study estimated these innovations were responsible for more preventable deaths of children under five years of age than all other MDG interventions combined ( Wang et al. , 2014 :14). However, the approach to mainstream innovation successfully across the humanitarian system has

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE Suisse

Europe is extremely political. It points to existing maritime law and international humanitarian law to remind states of their obligations. And what’s really interesting since the end of June is that we have ended up in a situation in which rogue European states are deliberately throwing the law to the dogs. Now we know exactly what’s going on in Libya. We know that European states are responsible for refoulement , sending people back to torture, rape and detention in Libya. This is completely unlawful but European institutions are endorsing it. So

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts

history of specific, local interventions and the legacies of institutional policies and practices ( Sandvik, 2012 ). The humanitarian sector has long used wristbands to control and care for beneficiaries. This postcolonial past still shapes and limits what a wearable can be and do ( Rottenburg, 2009 ). In what follows, I use examples from the areas of refugee management and nutrition to illustrate this point. A key objective of international refugee management is to reduce fraud, one type of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs