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Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

Nations Global Pulse ). UNHCR ( 2005 ), ‘ Against All Odds’, UNHCR with Statoil, Microsoft, Erickson, Datareal AB, Paregos AB, TicTac Interactive AB , www.playagainstallodds.ca/ (accessed 14 October 2013 ). WHO ( 2017 ), World Health Statistics 2017: Monitoring Health for the Sustainable Development Goals ( Geneva : World Health Organization ). Wolpe , H. ( 1972 ) ‘ Capitalism and Cheap Labour Power in South Africa: From Segregation to Apartheid ’, Economy and Society , 1 , 425 – 56 . World Bank

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

increasing, along with deliberate targeting of humanitarian workers, operations and inventory used to help people trapped in conflict ( Fouad et al. , 2017 ; Stoddard et al. , 2017 ; Stoddard et al. , 2018 ). Amplifying this instability has been the slow progress towards changing the vulnerability of people living in many countries. Notwithstanding advances made in Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets, an estimated 736 million people remained in extreme poverty

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Community–university research partnerships in global perspectives

This book is based on a three-year international comparative study on poverty reduction and sustainability strategies . It provides evidence from twenty case studies around the world on the power and potential of community and higher education based scholars and activists working together in the co-creation of transformative knowledge. Opening with a theoretical overview of knowledge, democracy and action, the book is followed by analytical chapters providing lessons learned and capacity building, and on the theory and practice of community university research partnerships. It also includes lessons on models of evaluation, approaches to measuring the impact and an agenda for future research and policy recommendations. The book overviews the concept of engaged scholarship and then moves to focus on community-university research partnerships. It is based on a global empirical study of the role of community-university research partnerships within the context of poverty alleviation, the creation of sustainable societies and, broadly speaking, the Millennium Development Goals. The book frames the contribution of community-university research partnerships within a larger knowledge democracy framework, linking this practice to other spaces of knowledge democracy. These include the open access movement, new acceptance of the methods of community-based and participatory research and the call for cognitive justice or the need for epistemologies of the Global South. It takes a particular look at the variety of structures that have been created in the various universities and civil society research organizations to facilitate and enhance research partnerships.

Open Access (free)
Christopher T. Marsden

Millennium Development Goals. Belli and Foditsch have written extensively about the modelling of a universal principle-based network neutrality law, an experiment conducted through the Dynamic Coalition on Net Neutrality in the UN Internet Governance Forum led by Belli since 2012: it seems possible to distil some essential elements from

in Network neutrality
Open Access (free)
The growth and measurement of British public education since the early nineteenth century
David Vincent

tuberculosis at the age of forty-two2), listed them by each of the 324 Registration Districts of England and Wales (PP 1846: xxviii-xxx, 35–41). It thus became possible to draw in close detail the map of writing abilities across England and Wales (and by a separate process Scotland) and to measure its change year by year. In this chapter I want to explore the significance of counting communication skills in one of the earliest societies to achieve mass literacy.3 Much of the debate around the achievement of the Millennium Development and World Education Forum Goals in

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Open Access (free)
History, time and temporality in development discourse
Uma Kothari

reproduced. Moreover, this limited historical analysis also reveals the largely unreflexive nature of the discipline, partly engendered through the necessity to achieve development goals and targets such as project outputs and, at a larger scale, the Millennium Development Goals. The problematic way in which the field writes its history and the kinds of relations this conceals is compounded by how we understand and imagine ‘time’; a notion that is central to development based as it is on ideas of progress and change. Development policies, practices and interventions

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Can historians assist development policy-making, or just highlight its faults?
David Hall-Mathews

Studies – as if Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus and Karl Marx had written about something else entirely. Given the direct similarities between the goals, methods, assumptions and even language of development agents today (including many NGOs) and those of colonial administrations, this is wilful – and harmful. There is an enormous amount to be gleaned from colonial records. Not only are they open to scrutiny – unlike those of UN organizations, for example – they are exceptionally full. Though they rarely took place in the public domain at the time, it is possible to trace

in History, historians and development policy
Iain Lindsey, Tess Kay, Ruth Jeanes and Davies Banda

, Switzerland Publication of Sport for Development and Peace: Towards Achieving the Millennium Development Goals (UN Inter-Agency Task Force on Sport for Development and Peace, 2003 ) 2004 UN establishment of SDPIWG 2005 Designation of International Year of

in Localizing global sport for development
Michael Woolcock, Simon Szreter and Vijayendra Rao

fraternity is conspicuously ignorant of the processes underlying even its most celebrated interventions, and has little knowledge of how these impacts are influenced by scale and (different types of) context (see Woolcock 2009). 39 These pressures, solidly reinforced by campaigns such as the Millennium Development Goals, manifest themselves in calls to ‘scale up’ and ‘replicate’ putatively successful interventions that have apparently been effective, often in the short-term and before further unintended consequences become visible and usually in one particular national

in History, historians and development policy