Search Results

Open Access (free)

Louis XIV and the parlements

The assertion of royal authority

John J. Hurt

This study examines the political and economic relationship between Louis XIV and the parlements of France, the parlement of Paris and all the provincial tribunals. It explains how the king managed to overcome the century-old opposition of the parlements to new legislation, and to impose upon them the strict political discipline for which his reign is known. The work calls into question the current revisionist understanding of the reign of Louis XIV and insists that, after all, absolute government had a harsh reality at its core. When the king died in 1715, the regent, Philippe d'Orleans, after a brief attempt to befriend the parlements through compromise, resorted to the authoritarian methods of Louis XIV and perpetuated the Sun King's political and economic legacy.

Open Access (free)

John J. Hurt

absolute government but also contingent upon the events of the 1670s and the personal decisions of Louis XIV. Nothing ensured that the king would subject the parlements to such a stern regimen; he might have stopped with the rules he established in 1667, more in line with those of his predecessors, and avoided a showdown, as they always did. Instead, he put the parlements in their place and kept them there until he died. When the regent Philippe d’Orléans, after a brief conciliatory period, enjoyed a fresh success with authoritarian methods, he demonstrated once again

Open Access (free)

John J. Hurt

under the duc d’Orléans, partly because the regency failed to resume paying augmentations de gages. In 1716, Joly de Fleury, the senior avocatgénéral of Parlement of Paris, lamented that prices for councillor offices had fallen to between 30,000 and 40,000 livres and that at least thirty offices in the Parlement, then vacant, could find no buyers at even basement prices. He believed that many of his colleagues would sell their offices if they could; but potential buyers would not return to the market. These dismal conditions also prevailed in the provincial parlements and in

Open Access (free)

The regent and the parlements

The bid for cooperation

John J. Hurt

5 The regent and the parlements: the bid for cooperation On 2 September 1715, the Parlement of Paris recognized Philippe, duc d’Orléans, a grandson of Louis XIII and the nephew of the late Louis XIV, as regent of France, with the exercise of sovereignty until Louis XV, five years old, came of age. In so doing, the tribunal set aside the political articles of the testament of the late king who, distrusting Orléans, had denied him the title of regent and merely named him chief of a Regency Council, where he could be outvoted by rivals and enemies. Although the

Open Access (free)

John J. Hurt

Parlement, in terms of the regency of Philippe d’Orléans. For 1718, the expression lit de justice should be used, in the manner of synecdoche, one part standing for the whole, to designate all the related events that occurred in the four days from 26 to 29 August, before and after the ceremony itself. In this extended sense, we can agree with the gazeteer Buvat that the lit de justice changed everything. It handed the Parlement a stinging defeat and boosted the political authority of the regent. Because of the lit de justice, the Parlement ceased to resist d’Argenson, Law

Open Access (free)

Introduction

Sovereignty and registration of the laws

John J. Hurt

will show how Louis XIV overcame the parlements’ defence of venality, forcing them to pay for repeated augmentations de gages and to accept the creation of as many offices as the king could sell, at the cost to the magistrates of falling office prices and heavy personal debt, the social and economic consequences of political defeat. Chapters 5–7 explain how the parlements tried, and failed, to recover from these interrelated losses in the post-1715 regency of Philippe d’Orléans. Louis XIV’s gains would largely endure; he had indeed inserted the keystone into the arch of

Open Access (free)

Manuals and hagiography

Mirrors of French ideals?

Series:

Alison Forrestal

’Evesque de cour, opposé a l’evesque apostolique. Quatrième entretien (Cologne 1675), pp. 132–5, 150–3. BN, Ms. Fr. 14428(i), fo. 53r; Camus, Hiérarque, pp. 188–9; Godeau, Augustin, pp. 401, 421, 426–7; Symphorien Guyon, Histoire de l’église et diocèse, ville, et université d’Orléans, 2 vols (Orleans 1647–50), ii, p. 491; Noulleau, Villazel, p. 30. Darricau, Coeur, pp. 35–6; Jacques, Cospeau, pp. 97–9; Taveneaux, Jansénisme, p. 59; Jean de Viguerie, ‘Les Evêques d’Angers et la réforme catholique (1540–1758)’, L’Evêque dans l’histoire de l’église (Angers 1984), pp. 91