Fabrice Weissman

kidnappers. 8 In our opinion, these objectives are completely valid for aid organisations. All, however, require a minimum level of internal and public transparency concerning the abduction of humanitarian workers, which means breaking the code of silence about past cases. It is impossible to increase the political costs of aid-worker abductions without starting to publicly acknowledge their existence. In practice, secrecy helps shield local and international accountability

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

Borno, Yobe and Adamawa in 2017: The [linguistic] difficulties described affect both operational effectiveness and accountability, from the inclusiveness of needs assessments and feedback mechanisms to the provision of services and the implementation of behavior change campaigns. Confidentiality and conflict-sensitivity are impaired when not everyone can speak for themselves. Organizations were also concerned that the language barriers are impeding

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Paul Currion

Technology Conference . Obrecht , A. and Warner , A. ( 2016 ), ‘ More than Just Luck: Innovation in Humanitarian Action’, HIF/ALNAP Study ( London : Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action /Overseas Development Institute ). ODI ( 2010 ), ‘ The Humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

humanitarian emergency or humanitarian setting becomes viewed as distinct from everyday practice and its accepted standards. There is also the other question: why does it persist? It is a lot easier if you don’t have to do the same things you do in normal practice. Unfortunately, many people find that attractive. Medicine is highly regulated, more and more regulated, more and more accountable, and in a humanitarian setting you hear people saying, ‘I just want to go and treat patients in need

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

support for 145,000 children and their families all over the country’ ( Parkes, 2014 : 363), achieved without a single piece of ICT. World Vision International adapted the UNICEF-initiated community-based performance-monitoring approach to create a local social accountability model (CVA) now used in over fifty countries ( Walker, 2016 ). The second structural challenge relates to solving the difficulty of trialling experimental aspects within programme designs without compromising the ethical

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

the chiefs, elders, women and youths), anthropologically informed assessments of the West African Ebola response paint a more complex picture of engagement in practice, revealing murky social dynamics in some encounters, including aggressive appeals for collaboration, top-down decision-making and a lack of accountability ( Calain and Poncin, 2015 ; Carrión et al., 2016 ; Cohn and Kutalek 2016 ; Gomez-Temesio and Le Marcis, 2017 ; Oosterhoff and Wilkinson

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

can be placed on or inside aid recipients’ bodies for many purposes, including tracking and protecting health, safety and nutrition. This may involve delivering or monitoring reproductive health, producing security and accountability through more efficient registration, or monitoring or delivering nutrition. I argue that, to unpack this co-production, it is necessary to look beyond technological innovation and subsequent processes of adoption and adaptation in the humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

ICRC is really the first human rights organisation ( Hopgood, 2013 : chap. 2). We can point to different emphases – the law versus medicine, justice and accountability versus crisis and need – but common to both these strategies for normative action is a commitment to the physical and mental integrity, the existential moral dignity, of all human beings whoever they are and whatever they have done. This is distinctively modern, and liberal, and still something of a heresy in many Western societies let alone beyond. It is only if one shares this

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

’. Some have argued that supposedly innovative ideas were nothing new, resembling the move to participation and accountability in the 1990s ( Sandvik, 2014 ). Others have suggested that there was something particularly worrying in the focus on digital technologies, the accumulation of data and the application of biometric technologies, which generated insidious implications for privacy and power ( Duffield, 2015 , 2019 ). The whole focus on entrepreneurship has also been subject to critique

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

equivalent legal obligation to protect other civilians – even for those agencies with explicit protection mandates (e.g. ICRC and UNHCR). Indeed, many of the measures adopted with the intention of increasing accountability to affected populations – which in any case do not generally include legal mechanisms – pay scant attention to protection ( Terry, 2000 ). Political Constraints and Opportunities In addition to differences in legal

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs