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Knowledge, democracy and action

Community–university research partnerships in global perspectives

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Edited by: Budd L. Hall, Edward T. Jackson, Rajesh Tandon, Jean-Marc Fontan and Nirmala Lall

This book is based on a three-year international comparative study on poverty reduction and sustainability strategies . It provides evidence from twenty case studies around the world on the power and potential of community and higher education based scholars and activists working together in the co-creation of transformative knowledge. Opening with a theoretical overview of knowledge, democracy and action, the book is followed by analytical chapters providing lessons learned and capacity building, and on the theory and practice of community university research partnerships. It also includes lessons on models of evaluation, approaches to measuring the impact and an agenda for future research and policy recommendations. The book overviews the concept of engaged scholarship and then moves to focus on community-university research partnerships. It is based on a global empirical study of the role of community-university research partnerships within the context of poverty alleviation, the creation of sustainable societies and, broadly speaking, the Millennium Development Goals. The book frames the contribution of community-university research partnerships within a larger knowledge democracy framework, linking this practice to other spaces of knowledge democracy. These include the open access movement, new acceptance of the methods of community-based and participatory research and the call for cognitive justice or the need for epistemologies of the Global South. It takes a particular look at the variety of structures that have been created in the various universities and civil society research organizations to facilitate and enhance research partnerships.

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Budd L. Hall

1 Knowledge, democracy and action: an introduction Budd L. Hall In the city where I live, Victoria, Canada, a wealthy city in a wealthy country, there are 1,500 women and men (in a population of 250,000) who do not have a place to sleep at night. In spite of the creation of a Coalition to End Homelessness, the numbers of people who suffer from poor health, violence, substance abuse as a result of poverty and homelessness continues at about the same level. In India, one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, 600 million people live without literacy

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Felix M. Bivens

high-quality participatory practices and processes globally through the work of students, alumni and a variety of partnerships with individuals and institutions worldwide. It is grounded in a process of critical reflection on experience and combines residential intensivestudy periods with a longer period of action research in a work-based placement. (2008, p. 366) The course turns on the concept of praxis. The basic premise is that experienced practitioners and activists come to IDS for one residential term (ten weeks), on a short leave of absence from work

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Jorge Téllez Carrasco and José Blanes Jiménez

Santa Cruz. At a national level, activities were coordinated by the Vice-Ministry of Biodiversity, Forest Resources and Environment. The project established a management unit in the area to manage the project and coordinate technical assistance. Thus, collaborative research coordination for social action was established in this unit. The project involved a wide range of participants. To facilitate the adoption of a research–action approach, project coordination was undertaken by a CEBEM researcher. This facilitated the establishment of strategies for monitoring social

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Mandakini Pant

achieving these goals. Each partner equitably contributes their expertise and shares responsibility and ownership to enhance understanding, integrate the knowledge gained, with action to improve the well-being of community members and foster sustainable development. Building linkages between research and community development Context This study was a collaboration between Mountain Development Research Centre (MDRC) of Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University (HNBGU), Srinagar, Uttarakhand; Himalayan Action Research Centre (HARC); and Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA

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Cheers!?

A project on alcohol and older people in Brighton

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Juliet Millican and Angie Hart

20 Cheers!? A project on alcohol and older  people in Brighton Juliet Millican and Angie Hart Context The project originated from a partnership between Age Concern Brighton, Hove and Portslade; Brighton and Hove Drug and Alcohol Action Team; and Brighton and Hove City Council – Social Care, facilitated by CUPP at the University of Brighton. The concern was an increase in the number of older people using their services who may have problems with alcohol. Partners were aware of a lack of local evidence and also a lack of services specifically for older people with

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Lamine Kane, Aliou Guissé and Latyr Diouf

9 Student community engagement for employability and entrepreneurship in Senegal Lamine Kane, Aliou Guissé and Latyr Diouf History After connecting online, Lamine Kane of the sub-Saharan Africa Participatory Action Research Network (REPAS) and Juliet Millican from the University of Brighton used a travel grant from the British Council to meet for exploratory discussions in Dakar with members of REPAS, the Department of Applied Economics (ENEA) at Cheikh Diop University (UCAD), and nearby local communities. These discussions led to the joint preparation of a

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Felix M. Bivens

years of work proved invaluable in fostering the creation of new teaching and research endeavours when Sewanee’s faculty were finally in a position to institutionally take such ideas forward. Activities Since 2003, the outreach programme has been pivotal in enabling a series of new courses which include action learning and CBR, as follows: Summer-in-South-Asia programme This is a combination of economics courses which focus on the microfinance institutions of the Grameen Bank and the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC) and include a field study period with

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Felix M. Bivens

This chapter lays out briefly how the work of the Citizenship Development Research Consortium (CDRC) is impacting university curricula and pedagogy across a global selection of higher education institutions (HEIs). The CDRC formed a teaching and learning group which has been experimenting with various ways in which citizenship can be taught within a formal university curricula and a traditional classroom setting. Not all members of the CRDC are university researchers. The Indian non-governmental organization (NGO) in Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA) has been one of the core institutional members of the group. PRIA has been an influential pioneer in participatory action research (PAR) and community-based research (CBR) in the global South. PRIA has designed a two-year MA in participatory development which includes a year of intensive coursework and a year of PAR fieldwork.

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Jean-Marc Fontan and Denis Bussière

(RQRP-ÉS), was proposed (two projects that received funding from SSHRC from 2005 to 2010). A definition Generally, when one speaks of partnership research, one is referring to research undertaken jointly by researchers and practitioners. To fully understand the concept of partnership research, one must go beyond the simplistic notion implied and describe the research more concretely. There is no consensus around the term partnership research. Depending on researchers or disciplines, it may also be called action research (recherche-action), collaborative research