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Witchcraft and magic in Enlightenment Europe

This book looks at aspects of the continuation of witchcraft and magic in Europe from the last of the secular and ecclesiastical trials during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, through to the nineteenth century. It provides a brief outline of witch trials in late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Finland. By the second half of the seventeenth century, as the witch trials reached their climax in Sweden, belief in the interventionist powers of the Devil had become a major preoccupation of the educated classes. Having acknowledged the slight possibility of real possession by the Devil, Benito Feijoo threw himself wholeheartedly into his real objective: to expose the falseness of the majority of the possessed. The book is concerned with accusations of magic, which were formalised as denunciations heard by the Inquisition of the Archdiocese of Capua, a city twelve miles north of Naples, during the first half of the eighteenth century. One aspect of the study of witchcraft and magic, which has not yet been absorbed into the main stream of literature on the subject, is the archaeological record of the subject. As a part of the increasing interest in 'popular' culture, historians have become more conscious of the presence of witchcraft after the witch trials. The aftermath of the major witch trials in Dalarna, Sweden, demonstrates how the authorities began the awkward process of divorcing themselves from popular concerns and beliefs regarding witchcraft.

Brian Hoggard

9 Beyond the witch trials Counter-witchcraft and popular magic The archaeology of counter-witchcraft and popular magic Brian Hoggard One aspect of the study of witchcraft and magic, which has not yet been absorbed into the main stream of literature on the subject, is the archaeological record of the subject. Objects such as witch-bottles, dried cats, horse skulls, shoes, written charms and numerous other items have been discovered concealed inside houses in significant quantities from the early modern period until well into the twentieth century. The locations

in Beyond the witch trials
Was he more than just ‘Dr Took’?
Jonathan R. Trigg

seems to have been clearly someone who was subject to periods of intense activity that had great influence on the work of his contemporaries, as well as those antiquaries and academics that followed, and without which we would have far lesser understanding of the archaeological record of the Wessex region. Yet, unlike many fellow antiquarians, for example, he did not publish his own observations, favouring the communication of such to other contemporary scholars. There are, it seems to me, three forms of network to which Toope’s work contributes, and these might be

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The forensic and political lives of secondary mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Admir Jugo and Sari Wastell

from these mass graves have similar demographics: they belonged to a displaced, economically underdeveloped population, with a large number reported missing (over 8,000) who are mostly males between seventeen and forty-five,95 men commonly referred to as men of a fighting age, and there is generally inconclusive information in terms Secondary mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina   161 of ante-mortem medical and dental records because of the victims’ social, cultural, and/or economic status.96 Dental records are available for less that 10 per cent (roughly 600) of

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
Archaeology, networks, and the Smithsonian Institution, 1876–79
James E. Snead

control over personal idiosyncracy,’ and it is true that their value for generating archaeological information is slight (Hinsley 1981: 152). The great value of the Circular 316 project for historical scholarship, however, is the collective image the correspondence depicts of archaeological activity by the American public, particularly in rural areas. Through text, sketches, maps, and photographs, an image created of a population deeply involved with the material past. Notes  1 Charles Rau Papers (CRP), Record Unit 7070. Folder 2. Joseph Henry, 1866–70. Smithsonian

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Forensic and archaeological approaches to locating the remains of Holocaust victims
Caroline Sturdy Colls

proven repeatedly in a forensic context and now also at Treblinka.55 Recent developments in forensic archaeology also provided new ways of examining graves in terms of what they can reveal about offender behaviour and processes of inhumation.56 Even without excavation, it was possible to access these because the overall length, width and shape of the graves was recorded during the LiDAR survey and using a combination of other measured survey methods such as Differential Kinematic GPS and Total Station survey.57 In order to establish the depth, geophysical survey

in Human remains in society
The case of Oscar Montelius and Italy
Anna Gustavsson

in the Montelius archive with the listed delegates to study how it corresponds. The North Italian archaeologist Edoardo Brizio (1846–1907) was not listed as a delegate at the Bologna congress, but he was engaged in preparing an archaeological exhibition for the conference. Montelius took great interest in the display, which presented material from every Italian region. Despite not being recorded, Brizio is present in a group photo of the delegates and it is very plausible that Montelius met him and talked to him at the congress. Brizio had a strong interest in both

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Where and when does the violence end?
David M. Anderson and Paul J. Lane

archaeological excavations, their subsequent disposal and their display in museums and research institutions have become matters of widespread and frequently heated debate across a range of academic disciplines and in a growing number of public contexts.10 As these cases have highlighted, human remains, whether studied in an archaeological, anthropological or biological context, are invariably enmeshed in a complex web of sociocultural practices. Legal, ethical and theological concerns all impact upon how such remains are treated, as do human emotional responses and also

in Human remains in society
Interactional strategies in late-nineteenth-century Classical archaeology: the case of Adolf Furtwängler
Ulf R. Hansson

colleagues. This particular one includes individuals with whom he was barely on speaking terms, such as his one-time superior at the Berlin Museums, Alexander Conze, and the director of the German Archaeological Institute in Athens, Wilhelm Dörpfeld. Furtwängler is placed in the upper right-hand corner, at a convenient distance from those with whom relations were frosty. Chance meetings with colleagues that he disliked or had offended publicly often proved extremely awkward. The historian of religion Jane Harrison also belonged to this group. One of her students recorded

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The permeable clusters of Hanna Rydh
Elisabeth Arwill-Nordbladh

.indd 151 03/12/2019 08:56 152 Communities and knowledge production in archaeology of great significance to her, and in a mutual interaction she also had an influence on them. The significant clusters of Hanna Rydh’s formative years Of the documents that tell us of Hanna Rydh’s life, her pocket diaries are of particular relevance (Gothenburg University Library, KvinnSam, National Resource Library for Gender Studies, Hanna Rydh Archive A 12). Here the calendars from the 1910s and 1920s record important events, sometimes on a day-to-day basis, showing her strategies

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology