Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

example, deploying its own forces and resources to assist those in states sympathetic to its foreign-policy goals? This strikes at the heart of the failure of R2P and the ICC. Humanitarian action and human rights rely on a disparity of power, not on reciprocity, because they ultimately require the capacity to act against sovereignty if necessary – that is, against the wishes of the sitting government. The belief after 1991 that the possibility now existed permanently for sovereignty to become conditional on international normative approval lies at

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

community mutuality and gender inclusion ( Becker, 2004 ). Through such progressive reinscription, the informal sector has been repackaged through projects like ‘Bottom of the Pyramid’ economics ( Prahalad, 2006 ) or ‘inclusive capitalism’ as an eligible and eager development and business partner. Consider, for example, UNDP’s (2008) homely appraisal of NGO-assisted informality as a low-cost welfare infrastructure for an inclusive capitalism. It points out that where poverty prevails, formal rules and regulations are often less effective

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation

camps in Jordan, the vast majority of refugees from Syria found shelter on their own terms: staying with friends and relatives, renting accommodation from landlords, occupying abandoned buildings or building their own makeshift shelters. The humanitarian response, as a result, often ended up assisting refugees in their own strategies and included providing cash for rent, distributing basic materials to improve self-built shelters and working with landlords to upgrade rented

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

The international growth and influence of bioethics has led some to identify it as a decisive shift in the location and exercise of 'biopower'. This book provides an in-depth study of how philosophers, lawyers and other 'outsiders' came to play a major role in discussing and helping to regulate issues that used to be left to doctors and scientists. It discusses how club regulation stemmed not only from the professionalising tactics of doctors and scientists, but was compounded by the 'hands-off' approach of politicians and professionals in fields such as law, philosophy and theology. The book outlines how theologians such as Ian Ramsey argued that 'transdisciplinary groups' were needed to meet the challenges posed by secular and increasingly pluralistic societies. It also examines their links with influential figures in the early history of American bioethics. The book centres on the work of the academic lawyer Ian Kennedy, who was the most high-profile advocate of the approach he explicitly termed 'bioethics'. It shows how Mary Warnock echoed governmental calls for external oversight. Many clinicians and researchers supported her calls for a 'monitoring body' to scrutinise in vitro fertilisation and embryo research. The growth of bioethics in British universities occurred in the 1980s and 1990s with the emergence of dedicated centres for bioethics. The book details how some senior doctors and bioethicists led calls for a politically-funded national bioethics committee during the 1980s. It details how recent debates on assisted dying highlight the authority and influence of British bioethicists.

Open Access (free)

Conclusion While she became associated with British bioethics following her engagement with IVF and embryo research in the 1980s, Mary Warnock is better known today for her views on euthanasia.1 Warnock first engaged with this issue in 1993, when she was appointed to a House of Lords Select Committee that investigated whether there were circumstances in which ‘assisted dying’ might be permissible, when a doctor would not be prosecuted for ending a patient’s life or helping them end their own lives. After deliberating for a year, Warnock and her fellow committee

in The making of British bioethics
Open Access (free)
Literary satire and Oskar Panizza’s Psichopatia criminalis (1898)

an assistant doctor for prominent ∙ 92 ∙ LITERARY SATIRE AND OSKAR PANIZZA’S PSICHOPATIA CRIMINALIS Munich-based psychiatrist Bernhard von Gudden (1824–86), who was formerly a director of the Zurich Burghölzli clinic (1870–72) and then of the Oberbayrische Kreisirrenanstalt (1872–86).9 Gudden died in 1886, under mysterious circumstances: shortly after being appointed personal physician to Bavaria’s King Ludwig II, and declaring the latter mentally incompetent to rule, both Gudden and the King were found dead in Lake Starhemberg; it is possible that Gudden was

in A history of the case study

This course within the philosophy department draws students from a variety of disciplines, including philosophy, biology, pre-medical and anthropology, as it explores the complexities of end-of-life issues. Students engage with local community members through a series of workshops where issues such as euthanasia, brain death and right-to-die laws are discussed. Information about the views of rural communities is collected and the underlying values systems are explored. Students also assist community participants in filling out living will documents and related video

in Knowledge, democracy and action

advisory service staff, and they may hire additional staff at their own expense. As is the case with committee staff members in the United States, the parliamentary advisory staff assist party group members in many ways and are an important part of the working groups, committees, and the legislative process in general.13 The party group leader is usually the most prominent member and the spokesperson for the party in parliament. He or she may be overshadowed by the prime minister or some ministers if the party is supporting the government, but if the party is in

in The Länder and German federalism

. 19 After an additional number of other treatments that all failed to calm her, Thiele was finally put in a restraining jacket, covered in two woollen sacks and left to herself. Unattended for a couple of hours, she died of a heart attack on 1 September 1811. 20 Heinrich Kohlrausch, one of Horn's colleagues at the hospital, filed a complaint against the doctor to the Prussian Ministry of Justice, blaming him for professional misconduct and cruelty

in Progress and pathology

publisher in Samuel Fischer, who published his first work, in 1916 – about the Wu-wei resistance movement, Die drei Sprünge des ∙ 158 ∙ Alfred Döblin’s literary cases about women and crime Wang-Lun (The Three Leaps of Wang-Lun) – and subsequent novels until 1933. Döblin was in good company, since S. Fischer was also the publishing house of Germany’s two other great writers of the era, Gerhart Hauptmann and Thomas Mann. But unlike Hauptmann, who had been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1912, and Mann, who was its recipient in 1929, Döblin’s fame was largely

in A history of the case study