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Mandakini Pant

4 Building community-based research capacity with communities: the PRIA experience Mandakini Pant Introduction Indian society has been traditionally divided into endogamous hereditary groups (castes) ranked by ritual status. The castes in lower hierarchy were historically associated with ritually impure occupations such as killing, handling of animal cadavers or night soil. Social distance from upper castes was maintained by restrictions of contact and commensality with members of upper castes. Castebased positioning created caste-based inequalities. Marginalized

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Post-Humanitarianism

Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

Mark Duffield

. In its absence, as Bruno Latour approvingly argues, the whole becomes smaller than the sum of its parts ( Latour et al. , 2012 ). Rather than a shared world of circulation, we have the endless personalised and separate worlds of connectivity. Post-humanism problematises the possibility of a shared or collective politics. Indeed, Latour ( Latour, 2008 ) goes further in suggesting that design has now replaced politics. Building on his earlier rejection of grand narratives and critique ( Latour, 2004 ), Latour claims that since

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The Changing Faces of UNRWA

From the Global to the Local

Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

specific US-approved ‘reforms’. 3 This ‘catastrophic’ decision ( AFP, 2018 ) was widely denounced around the world as a form of collective punishment against the Palestinian people ( Bachner, 2018 ; Dumper, 2018 ). By the end of August 2018, when the US Government announced its decision to completely defund UNRWA, commentators identified this as part of a strategy to force Palestinian refugees to rescind the Right of Return to Palestine (a right set out in UNGA Resolution 194). 4 Many noted that undermining the Agency’s capacity to

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Knowledge, democracy and action

Community–university research partnerships in global perspectives

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Edited by: Budd L. Hall, Edward T. Jackson, Rajesh Tandon, Jean-Marc Fontan and Nirmala Lall

This book is based on a three-year international comparative study on poverty reduction and sustainability strategies . It provides evidence from twenty case studies around the world on the power and potential of community and higher education based scholars and activists working together in the co-creation of transformative knowledge. Opening with a theoretical overview of knowledge, democracy and action, the book is followed by analytical chapters providing lessons learned and capacity building, and on the theory and practice of community university research partnerships. It also includes lessons on models of evaluation, approaches to measuring the impact and an agenda for future research and policy recommendations. The book overviews the concept of engaged scholarship and then moves to focus on community-university research partnerships. It is based on a global empirical study of the role of community-university research partnerships within the context of poverty alleviation, the creation of sustainable societies and, broadly speaking, the Millennium Development Goals. The book frames the contribution of community-university research partnerships within a larger knowledge democracy framework, linking this practice to other spaces of knowledge democracy. These include the open access movement, new acceptance of the methods of community-based and participatory research and the call for cognitive justice or the need for epistemologies of the Global South. It takes a particular look at the variety of structures that have been created in the various universities and civil society research organizations to facilitate and enhance research partnerships.

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Federalism and political asymmetry

Regional elections and political parties

Cameron Ross

elections or to pack regional assemblies with their own appointed officials (we discuss these points in chapter 9).37 A new and worrying development is the creation of a number of governors’ parties which were first created in the run-up to the 1999 Duma elections. The creation of these artificial top-down ‘parties of government’ have been a major blow to the development of grassroots democracy in the regions. As Slider notes, these governors’ blocs were in effect, ‘antiparty parties’ set up specifically to preclude effective national party building in the regions.38

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Privatisation

Liberal reform and the creation of new conflict economies

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Jenny H. Peterson

4062 building a peace economy_2652Prelims 25/11/2013 15:06 Page 115 6 Privatisation: liberal reform and the creation of new conflict economies related commodity governance schemes are meant to bring economic gains for individuals, groups and the state in a fair and neutral way, diminishing the possibility that economic resources will become a source of violent contestation. Ultimately, the transformation of war economies requires that assets, whether they be tangible (such as diamonds) or opportunities (in the form of business prospects), be transparently and

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Mandakini Pant

them to function in public space with determination. Institutionalized gender-based inequalities and pressures disempower them. Training interventions, besides orienting them to governance procedures and programmes and imparting requisite functional skills, should also underscore the importance of gender sensitization. A gender transformative capacity-building approach would contribute towards building gender-sensitive institutions where both women- and men-elected representatives, despite their different needs, priorities and aspirations, contribute to development

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Crystal Tremblay and Sarah Amyot

Brazil), while promoting environmental sustainability and inclusive public policies on integrated waste management. The project recognizes the immense potential in the work of recyclers to improve environmental health, assist in the recovery of resources and, through capacity building and participatory processes, to empower recyclers to contribute to public policy, environmental and social change. Project partners recognized that, when working individually, recyclers were forced to sell their product through middlemen who buy at very low prices and then resell to

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Strengthening the rule of law

Managing the criminal facets of war economies

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Jenny H. Peterson

question of really becoming more professional in what it does and gaining greater levels of competency over investigation’ (I8). A substantial number of replies centred around the provision of specific forms of training. While capacity-building is not without its merits, it overshadows an equally if not more relevant concern, namely oversight and the concomitant public accountability that accompanies such mechanisms. The need for oversight of security institutions in post-conflict states generally and Kosovo specifically is evidenced by the highly politicised environment

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Joy Molina Mirasol, Felix S. Mirasol, Estela C. Itaas Jr. and Benjamin Maputi

multi-sectoral watershed characterization study within the four barangays. It was noted that LPM capacity building resulted not only in aggressive enforcement of environmental laws but also in implementation of various programmes to carry out their mandate as members of the LGU. There is increased awareness and skills of LPMs which can be converted into action through ordinances and programmes by incorporating environmental activities in their annual investment plans. There will be a proactive policy formulation to address the issues and concerns identified during the