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A global perspective

8 Measuring the impact of communityuniversity research partnerships: a global perspective Nirmala Lall Knowledge, intention, action and impact are intricately linked in a dynamic relationship. Community–university research partnerships are action oriented – exchanging and co-constructing a unique type of knowledge to tackle complex interrelated social, environmental and economic issues. There is evidence that community–university research partnerships serve an important function as they engage in creating greater participation, opportunities, access and

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Community–university research partnerships in global perspectives

This book is based on a three-year international comparative study on poverty reduction and sustainability strategies . It provides evidence from twenty case studies around the world on the power and potential of community and higher education based scholars and activists working together in the co-creation of transformative knowledge. Opening with a theoretical overview of knowledge, democracy and action, the book is followed by analytical chapters providing lessons learned and capacity building, and on the theory and practice of community university research partnerships. It also includes lessons on models of evaluation, approaches to measuring the impact and an agenda for future research and policy recommendations. The book overviews the concept of engaged scholarship and then moves to focus on community-university research partnerships. It is based on a global empirical study of the role of community-university research partnerships within the context of poverty alleviation, the creation of sustainable societies and, broadly speaking, the Millennium Development Goals. The book frames the contribution of community-university research partnerships within a larger knowledge democracy framework, linking this practice to other spaces of knowledge democracy. These include the open access movement, new acceptance of the methods of community-based and participatory research and the call for cognitive justice or the need for epistemologies of the Global South. It takes a particular look at the variety of structures that have been created in the various universities and civil society research organizations to facilitate and enhance research partnerships.

A Focus on Community Engagement

Introduction During the 2014 West African Ebola epidemic, an estimated US$ 10 billion was spent to contain the disease in the region and globally. The response brought together multilateral agencies, bilateral partnerships, private enterprises and foundations, local governments and communities. Social mobilisation efforts were pivotal components of the response architecture ( Gillespie et al. , 2016 ; Laverack and Manoncourt, 2015 ; Oxfam International, 2015 ). They relied on grassroots

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction

efficiency, terms arguably more expected in a business environment than the field of humanitarianism. This has resulted, maybe not so unexpectedly, in a state of affairs where the main focus of innovation in relation to humanitarian action has remained on technical fixes or the development of new products, rather than a broader conception that interrogates innovation in a more holistic way, related to overarching humanitarian principles, strategies and partnerships. This understanding of innovation as a fix was

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

with the requisite language skills are less likely to be available. Technological solutions are also less feasible. For example, MT generally relies upon the availability of already translated digitised texts to train each system. The Creole-to-English MT system in Haiti was only possible because of previously translated texts (though limited in number), including the Bible and data from a Carnegie Mellon University speech-to-speech research project conducted in the 1990s

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector

. Equally significantly, they grew in tandem with a rich vein of historical research. Michael Barnett’s Empire of Humanity (2011) broke new ground, and it was followed by diverse new histories of humanitarianism, the development of new partnerships between NGOs and the writing of new histories of humanitarianism in places like Exeter, Galway, Geneva, London, Mainz, Manchester, Milan, Oslo, Ottawa and Sheffield. The result was a growing conversation about humanitarianism’s past and its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation

et al. , 2016 ; UNICEF, 2016 ) and create the starting point for the broader sector to tackle and overcome the issue. MSF have arguably developed the most advanced code, explicitly recognising the risks from pre-existing research and ethical frameworks. They have developed new processes that protect the most vulnerable in the community, while at the same time promoting and enabling innovation within their operation ( Sheather et al. , 2016 ). The third

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

, K. ( 2015 ), Finance Case Study ( Brighton : Centre for Research in Innovation Management, University of Brighton ). Harford , T. , Hadjimichael , B. and Klein , M. ( 2004 ), Aid Agency Competition: A Century of Entry, but no Exit ( New York : The World Bank

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

context, the Agency’s services are seen as a lifeline for the refugees’ ( UNGA WG, 2016 ). 5 To examine the implications of UNRWA’s operational shifts in such a context, I build upon my long-standing ethnographic research in and about the Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon and insights from an ongoing research project examining how the members of nine local communities – including Palestinian refugee communities – in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey have been responding to the arrival and presence of refugees from Syria. 6 As part of this project

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons from case studies from the South and North

– co-production, as most refer to it. Their work is focused locally, in villages and neighbourhoods, in regions, in provinces. Their essential dream is that, through the co-production and application of new knowledge, community–university partnerships can help achieve improved livelihoods, environmental integrity and 17 MUP_Hall.indd 17 30/07/2013 17:16 knowledge, democracy and action more responsive forms of governance. The case studies show that these key players are making demonstrable progress in realizing this shared dream. Community–university research

in Knowledge, democracy and action