, professional interests, institutional arrangements and subject populations. Conversely, given Britain's broad political shifts from Edwardian liberalism to neo-liberalism over the twentieth century, notably via distinctive blends of conservatism and social democracy, a stable focus also makes it possible to assess the influence of political rationalities on histories of balance when actors and subjects remain broadly similar. Comparative consideration of balance and self in the US – particularly in Chapters 5 , 9 and 10 – enhances these reflections, offering the
Ian Kennedy, oversight and accountability in the 1980s
disclosure of potential risks.
Kennedy nevertheless believed that this small number of cases
might, if successful, ‘ensure that standards of practice were established which met the approval of outsiders’.103 But he also noted
that British courts ‘tend toward conservatism’ and would be
Ian Kennedy, oversight and accountability in the 1980s 119
‘reluctant to break new ground’ by departing from the Bolam
ruling and judging medical conduct themselves.104 He proposed
that consumerism in Britain should therefore ‘take another tack’.
This involved the
The cultural construction of opposition to immunisation in India
Copley, The Political Career, pp. 14, 161, 236;
H. L. Erdman, The Swatantra Party and Indian Conservatism (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1967), p. 65.
The Hindu (14 February 1949). Important trials with BCG had been
carried out on American Indians from the 1930s. See, Christian W. McMillen,
later studies, and the conservatism in
recommending annual influenza vaccination lost its strength during the 1990s.
New studies on the benefits of vaccinating older persons in institutions also
made a case for increasing annual vaccination. In 1997, new recommendations
were finally issued on annual influenza vaccination for medical risk groups and
those aged 65 and over, harmonising Swedish policy with neighbouring
the home and raise families.
Demobilised nursing sisters were therefore caught in the interstices
of traditionalist hospital regimes with long hours, erratic off-duty and
limited options for living independently and post-war conservatism
that demanded that women should marry and bear children. In
Reasserting work, space and gender boundaries
the absence of nurseries, and faced with the prospect of the double
burden of home and professional work, many women, including
nurses, had no choice but to return to the home and stay there.
1 The Advisory
the 1950s, enabling a revolution
in social mobility. 1 These widespread internal changes were coupled
with major shifts at an international level: Britain’s
imperial strength was being vigorously contested, for example, by
the Suez Crisis in 1956, and the global stage was set for the growth
of new superpowers, in particular the USA. In many arenas,
conservatism and attempts to