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James Baldwin’s Pragmatist Aesthetics
Rohan Ghatage

This essay establishes a philosophical connection between James Baldwin and the philosopher William James by investigating how the pragmatist protocol against “vicious intellectualism” offers Baldwin a key resource for thinking through how anti-black racism might be dismantled. While Richard Wright had earlier denounced pragmatism for privileging experience over knowledge, and thereby offering the black subject no means for redressing America’s constitutive hierarchies, uncovering the current of Jamesian thought that runs through Baldwin’s essays brings into view his attempt to move beyond epistemology as the primary framework for inaugurating a future unburdened by the problem of the color line. Although Baldwin indicts contemporaneous arrangements of knowledge for producing the most dehumanizing forms of racism, he does not simply attempt to rewrite the enervating meanings to which black subjects are given. Articulating a pragmatist sensibility at various stages of his career, Baldwin repeatedly suggests that the imagining and creation of a better world is predicated upon rethinking the normative value accorded to knowledge in the practice of politics. The provocative challenge that Baldwin issues for his reader is to cease the well-established privileging of knowledge, and to instead stage the struggle for freedom within an aesthetic, rather than epistemological, paradigm.

James Baldwin Review
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada and Róisín Read

principles. The last article exemplifies the journal’s ambition to create a bridge between academia and practitioners. The joint contribution by historian Kevin O’Sullivan and aid worker Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair describes the results of a pilot project on using historical reflection as a tool for policy-making in the humanitarian sector. It focuses on humanitarian experiences in Somalia, one of the turning points of risk management in humanitarian security in the early 1990s. By establishing experiences at the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

://bsc.cid.harvard.edu/doing-development-differently . 8 An international research initiative run by the Development Learning Programme based at the University of Birmingham. See: www.dlprog.org/research/thinking-and-working-politically-community-of-practice.php . 9 By the same token, elites must have super-brains. 10 Since the mid 2000s, there has been a growing number of computer games and software programmes that claim to allow interested parties to experience what it is like to be a refugee or subject to a disaster. The Darfur content on Google Layers, for example, was an early attempt to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

Somalia workshop, for example, commented on the cathartic nature of discussing the events of the 1990s and early 2000s. Yet there are very specific consequences, including heightened emotional vulnerability, associated with recalling sensitive experiences with which participants are familiar ( Ellis, 2007 ) and in the dynamics of a group setting ( Christensen, 2016 ). The reflective process must be carefully managed to safeguard the well-being of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

-income countries, late forties, early fifties, they would be helped to some extent by vaccines, but they will usually succumb not to infections but to injury, road-traffic accidents, violence and, in women, complications of labour – and there is a surgical fix to those. I think the innovations in medicine may need to come conceptually and in the way things are presented; in order to understand that you should really focus on outcome. It is a philosophical approach: whether or not you should just do

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

. Eurocentrism has taught us to see the potential end of an era in every relative change in Western power. Thinking about the role of humanitarianism today requires that we don’t reproduce or unwittingly celebrate Western-led order by mourning the end of a history that never actually existed. Given past and present non-Western experiences of liberal order, we might ask: what’s there to mourn? My personal experiences of research and knowledge production regarding humanitarianism have reinforced in me an anti-colonial ethos – an intellectual opposition to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

instigated the creation of a position devoted to integrating security into the structure of the organisation. Drawing on his experience as Bernard Kouchner’s special advisor in Kosovo and other positions, the international operations director was convinced that security required clear and harmonised procedures, just like logistics or finance, and someone with technical expertise in charge. Some on the Board of Directors (the decision-making body at MdM) advised against the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

). Insecurity in Juba also forced MSF-H early on to adapt its logistics set up and the movement of its international teams. From December to January, the capital-based coordination team retreated to Lokichogio, in Kenya, through which supply lines and expatriate movements to and from South Sudan were organised for most of 2014. Experiencing, Interpreting and Coping with Violence in Unity State Located near strategic oil fields, Bentiu had seen an extension of the conflict only days after fighting

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

, 2015 ; Richardson et al. , 2016 ; Wilkinson and Fairhead, 2017 ). Externally imposed structural adjustment in the 1980s hollowed out all (non-military) essential state functions. This, in turn, transformed citizens’ relation to and expectations of the postcolonial state and its legitimacy. Exacerbated by experiences of conflict and instability, weak health sectors and economies and an eroded social contract set the foundations for the crisis of 2014. The place of these countries in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

of Palestinians in the Middle East. Equally, it veils the adverse effects of UNRWA’s own regional and local-level operational processes on a wide range of people, including UNRWA’s Palestinian staff members. I demonstrate this, firstly, by developing a close textual analysis of three regional-level UNRWA circulars disseminated to UNRWA staff in early 2018. Several of my interviewees in Lebanon shared the full text of these circulars with me, showing me the circulars they had received by email from UNRWA on their mobile phones and/or laptops

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs