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Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

This book is a systematic study that considers how international environmental agreements are transformed into political action in Russia, using three case studies on the implementation process in the fields of fisheries management, nuclear safety, and air pollution control. It develops the social science debate on international environmental regimes and ‘implementing activities’ at both national and international level to include regional considerations.

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Environmentalism incorporated

Professionalization and post-politics in the time of responsible golf

Series:

Brad Millington and Brian Wilson

and compliant way. In the final section of this chapter, however, we also provide a more critical assessment of the professionalization strategies described herein. We reflect especially on professionalization’s ideological function at this time: in positioning golf industry representatives as leaders in the environmental movement, professionalization tactics have served to elevate golf’s version of environmentalism to a ‘leading’ (i.e. hegemonic) position as well. We employ the aforementioned

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Understanding environmental security

Water scarcity, the 1980s’ Palestinian uprising and implications for peace

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Jeffrey Sosland

D ID WATER SCARCITY precipitate the 1980s’ intifada – the violent conflict between the Palestinians and the Israelis? This difficult question is the type of issue with which environmental security researchers grapple. Obviously, violent conflict results from multiple factors, such as ethnic tension, failed deterrence, and misperception. The environmental

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Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

Environmentalism and ecologism constitute one of the most recent ideological movements. Though the terms are often used interchangeably, it is more useful to regard ecologism as a philosophy that believes in a thorough-going root and branch transformation of society, whereas environmentalism believes that dangers to the environment can be tackled within the existing political

Open Access (free)

Series:

Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

2 Theoretical background The last two decades of the twentieth century saw a remarkable increase in the breadth and depth of international environmental cooperation.1 Several explanations have been offered to account for this trend, among them the growing transborder implications of national environmental problems and the combination of a general rise in international transactions and governmental involvement in environmental affairs at the national level (Hanf and Underdal 1998, pp. 149–51). Co-operative arrangements show great variation in their degree of

Open Access (free)

Series:

Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

7 Conclusions We started this book by asking how Russian authorities have gone about implementing their international environmental commitments, noting that we were more interested in the political processes initiated with a view to achieving such implementation than in meticulously mapping the exact level of actual compliance in the various cases. This chapter sums up the major findings of our three case studies. Our primary focus is on the ‘implementation activities’ carried out in each case: what has been done to implement the various commitments, and how

Open Access (free)

Series:

Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

is on ‘actual’ polluting activities, such as the dumping of waste; partly it is on the risk of accidents in connection with activities that do not result in contamination under normal circumstances. Moreover, in the area of nuclear safety, environmental and security concerns tend to be closely intertwined. As will be shown in this chapter, the complexity of the problem area itself tends to be mirrored both in the multitude of international efforts undertaken to address it and in the related implementation processes. Background: the ‘nuclear complex’ and

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Series:

Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

3 Northwestern Russia and the federative system This chapter gives a presentation of Russia’s federative system and of the political and economic situation in the northwestern regions of the country. The objective of the first part of the chapter is to describe the overarching political structures of the Russian Federation, particularly those pertaining to the centre–region dimension, thus providing a backdrop to the discussion of various agencies’ involvement in the implementation of international environmental agreements. The second part of the chapter

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Joy Molina Mirasol, Felix S. Mirasol, Estela C. Itaas Jr. and Benjamin Maputi

12 Enhancing local policymakers’ capacity in environmental governance in the Philippines Joy Molina Mirasol, Felix S. Mirasol, Jr., Estela C. Itaas and Benjamin Maputi Context The forest land in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines, is continuously declining in terms of its economic and environmental capacity. Forest destruction by timber poachers and conversion of forest land for agriculture are rising to an alarming level, leaving the remaining forest cover significantly below the desired 45 percent cover to sustain its services. Such decline and

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Paul Collinson

3 Environmental attitudes, community development, and local politics in Ireland Paul Collinson Anyone who has ever visited Ireland will be immediately struck by the natural beauty of the country. From the rugged uplands of the west, the golden beaches of Cork and Kerry, the rolling drumlins of the midlands to the sea cliffs of the north, Ireland is undoubtedly blessed with one of the richest and most diverse environmental endowments in Europe. Attracted by tourist brochures and advertisements which play heavily on images of Ireland as a rural paradise, tourists