An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister

Brazilian diplomat. As we began discussing international affairs and strategy, Amorim’s speech assumed a calm, professorial cadence. ‘Global disorder’ undermines international cooperation, he suggested soberly. And there is a need to rescue human rights discourse, despite the hypocrisy and selectivity of its liberal proponents. Amorim leant forward when I brought up Brazil’s recent withdrawal from the world stage. As foreign minister throughout the two presidential terms of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, from 2003 to 2011, he guided Brazil to a position of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery

following the collapse of the Thai baht in mid-1997 were the proximate causes. Specifically, starting in the early 1990s, the Korean government embarked on an ambitious drive towards globalization, or segyehwa. To this effect, the government began to relax its control over the financial sector, especially its restrictions on foreign borrowing. As a result, the number of financial institutions engaged in foreign-currency-denominated activities increased sharply. This process was greatly accelerated (partly in order to meet OECD requirements) under the first civilian government

in The Asian financial crisis
Critical encounters between state and world

Recognition and Global Politics examines the potential and limitations of the discourse of recognition as a strategy for reframing justice and injustice within contemporary world affairs. Drawing on resources from social and political theory and international relations theory, as well as feminist theory, postcolonial studies and social psychology, this ambitious collection explores a range of political struggles, social movements and sites of opposition that have shaped certain practices and informed contentious debates in the language of recognition.

Open Access (free)
Medicine and culture in the nineteenth century

This collaborative volume explores changing perceptions of health and disease in the context of the burgeoning global modernities of the long nineteenth century. During this period, popular and medical understandings of the mind and body were challenged, modified, and reframed by the politics and structures of ‘modern life’, understood in industrial, social, commercial, and technological terms. Bringing together work by leading international scholars, this volume demonstrates how a multiplicity of medical practices were organised around new and evolving definitions of the modern self. The study offers varying and culturally specific definitions of what constituted medical modernity for practitioners around the world in this period. Chapters examine the ways in which cancer, suicide, and social degeneration were seen as products of the stresses and strains of ‘new’ ways of living in the nineteenth century, and explore the legal, institutional, and intellectual changes that contributed to both positive and negative understandings of modern medical practice. The volume traces the ways in which physiological and psychological problems were being constituted in relation to each other, and to their social contexts, and offers new ways of contextualising the problems of modernity facing us in the twenty-first century.

screening and diagnostic tools into Bengali and Hindi so that global models of autism epidemiology can become a reality there. 117 In India, many researchers now talk of the ‘unmet needs’ of children with autism. In 2012, a team of researchers from Sangath Centre for Child Development in Goa argued that there was a need to develop ‘packages of care’ for autistic spectrum disorders and

in The metamorphosis of autism

2 International political economy and global social change Political economy is concerned with the historically constituted frameworks or structures within which political and economic activity takes place. It stands back from the apparent fixity of the present to ask how the existing structures came into being and how they may be changing, or how they may be induced to change. In this sense, political economy is critical theory. (Cox, 1995: 32) T he field of IPE is inextricably bound up with understandings of global social transformation. Indeed, for many

in Globalisation contested

values (Barnes 2012 : 6). Of course, practices of care among, say, mothers and children, or differently abled individuals and those who assist them, are very different from the relations and responsibilities of care that we normally consider to be most relevant to global politics. That said, if we are prepared to accept that questions about how we care for one another in the world

in Recognition and Global Politics

management of great power rivalry has been superseded as a central theme of global politics by the issue of disorder versus governance. The security challenges of the twenty-first century are not the same as those of the twentieth: mass industrialised nations fighting one another to the finish have become passé. The obvious costs of such conflicts are compounded by the possibility that they will escalate to nuclear war either as a result of deliberate decision or through inadvertence and loss of control. Moreover, the source of most of these conflicts – struggle for

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)

analysis examined in Chapter 3 are specialist studies of colonial and post-​colonial conditions and capitalism and thus give greater visibility to neglected problematics.Yet they too fall short of considering the specific characteristics of new world societies and oceanic contexts. At the same time, perspectives at the edges of the three paradigms are suggestive of intersections with civilisational analysis –​specifically longer historical perspectives on global connectivity, a theory of the imaginary institution of capitalism and its variants, and the illuminating role

in Debating civilisations

‘features’ first began to be observed in children with specific language disorders, as well as those who were otherwise globally retarded and ‘subnormal’. For example, in October 1970, the School Medical Officer from the Public Health Department of the Borough of Colchester, M. J. Brown, wrote to Rutter concerning a child whose parents considered him to be autistic and wanted him to

in The metamorphosis of autism