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This article describes the brutalisation of the bodies of Tutsi and Jewish victims in 1994 and during the Second World War, respectively, and contrasts the procedures adopted by killers to understand what these deadly practices say about the imaginaries at work in Rwanda and Poland. Dealing with the infernalisation of the body, which eventually becomes a form of physical control, this comparative work examines the development of groups and communities of killers in their particular social and historical context. Different sources are used, such as academic works, reports from victims organisations and non-governmental organisations, books, testimonies and film documentaries.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War

two areas of Unity state: Bentiu, the state capital, and the town of Leer. 3 Between December 2013 and May 2014, these two locations successively came under attack and repeatedly changed hands between pro-government and rebel forces. Following a pattern replicated in many cities across Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states, offensives often triggered an early retreat by the military force in place, leaving, as Human Rights Watch put it, ‘civilians behind to face the brunt of attacks from forces bent on pillage and revenge’ ( Human Rights Watch, 2014 : 21). In Bentiu

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement

. The meeting captured the community’s priorities and conveyed the sense that the government needed to be held accountable for the welfare of local populations even in the Ebola emergency. District 6 inhabitants’ principal issue was sanitation and waste-water management, as sewage from the stadium bathrooms drained directly into the neighbouring communities. Residents were also worried about the economic impact of opening an ETU inside the stadium. For many, the stadium served as their main source of income, social, religious and sporting activities providing side

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

American-Spanish war, and it continued through the ‘penny press’ era in the US, where duelling editors sought to grow their readership with fantastical and scandalous accounts of events ( Tucher, 1994 ). Although it is not new, two factors are making the challenges of disinformation far more acute today. The first is technology. The internet has led to an explosion of all information sources – both truthful and false – and the sheer quantity of sources makes it increasingly difficult to delineate the two. When the celebrated British philosopher Onora

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

source of stress for the staff. Reporting incidents – that is, real examples – to headquarters also helped to communicate the need for additional precaution. For example, a low-quality gas bottle carelessly transported in the back of a pickup, which exploded, injuring the driver and his passenger, and a refrigerator that caught fire, setting the living quarters ablaze, offered opportunities to discuss the need to check gas and electric equipment and to equip offices and living quarters with fire extinguishers. At the same time, I tried to get an overview of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

, it examines the ways UNRWA’s operational changes since January 2018 have been experienced and conceptualised by Palestinians living in Lebanon. It does so through a multiscalar analysis, tracing and examining processes taking place in the international arena, on regional and national levels in the Middle East and within the Palestinian refugee camps of Lebanon. 1 In January 2018, the US Government declared that it would contribute only $60 million to UNRWA (compared to $364 million the previous year) 2 unless the Agency undertook specific US

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Harold Wilson, Lyndon B. Johnson and Anglo-American relations ‘at the summit’, 1964–68

This book is based mainly on government sources, namely material from the White House, State Department, Foreign Office (FO), Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), Prime Minister's Office (PREM) and Cabinet (CAB). Private papers consulted include those of Harold Wilson, Foreign Secretary George Brown and Undersecretary of State George Ball. The book explores a period of the Wilson-Johnson relationship. It considers the seven weeks from Wilson's election until he went to see Lyndon B. Johnson on 7-9 December, a formative period in which Britain cultivated American financial support and which saw pre-summit diplomacy over the NATO Multilateral Force (MLF). The book covers the summit in detail, examining the diplomatic exchanges over the Vietnam War, the British commitment East of Suez and the MLF, as well as the interplay of personality between Wilson and Johnson. By exploring the relationship of the two leaders in the years 1964-1968, it seeks to examine their respective attitudes to the Anglo-American relationship. The book then assesses the significance of an alleged Anglo-American strategic-economic 'deal', Wilson's 'Commonwealth Peace Mission' to Vietnam, and another Wilson visit to Washington. It also considers why the personal relationship between Johnson and Wilson suffered such strain when the Labour government 'dissociated' the UK from the latest American measures in Vietnam. Next, the book addresses the period from August 1966-September 1967, during which Wilson launched an intense but abortive effort to initiate peace negotiations over Vietnam, and London announced plans to withdraw from military bases East of Suez.

Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery

to be traded would be sufficient to ward off contagion. The Indonesian government, which received much praise for its swift and decisive response to the crisis, went to great lengths to assure jittery investors “that Indonesia was not Thailand.” Then the unthinkable happened. Indonesia suddenly succumbed to the contagion, and measured by the magnitude of currency depreciation and contraction of economic activity, it emerged as the most serious casualty of Asia’s financial crisis. In fact, with an economic contraction of 15 per cent in output in 1998, Indonesia

in The Asian financial crisis
Open Access (free)
The ‘defending democracy’ in Israel – a framework of analysis

within the deep sorrow that engulfed me something else was preying on my mind, yet, at that consequential moment, I found it hard to pin down. It was only a few days later that the picture began to become clear in my mind. For a period of forty-seven years, from the day of its establishment to the day of the Prime Minister’s assassination, the State of Israel has been fighting on many fronts – including the ‘home front’ – in order to stabilise its governmental system and try to fashion it after the exemplar of the democratic tradition. I, and many

in The Israeli response to Jewish extremism and violence
The Rotuli de Dominabus et Pueris et Puellis de XII Comitatibus of 1185

document shows that royal government recognised this. It shows how their power was structured, and thus, like charters and literary sources, shows the complex ways that women’s power can be measured within key social structures to cast new reflections upon the nature of twelfth-century society. Notes 1 RD; for ease of citation throughout this chapter where a number is cited it refers to the number of the widow as listed in Appendix 2, which is organised around the ordering of the women as they appear in the document. 2 For Margaret of Brittany, RD, pp. 4–5, 6–7, 62

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm