Search results

Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

practicality prevents it). This is the same foundational commitment that animates human rights work. The humanist core to both of these forms of social practice is a similar kind of belief in the ultimate priority of moral claims made by human beings as human beings rather than as possessors of any markers of identity or citizenship. What differences exist between humanitarianism and human rights are largely sociological – the contextual specifics of the evolution of two different forms of social activism. I have argued elsewhere, for example, that the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister

Brazilian diplomat. As we began discussing international affairs and strategy, Amorim’s speech assumed a calm, professorial cadence. ‘Global disorder’ undermines international cooperation, he suggested soberly. And there is a need to rescue human rights discourse, despite the hypocrisy and selectivity of its liberal proponents. Amorim leant forward when I brought up Brazil’s recent withdrawal from the world stage. As foreign minister throughout the two presidential terms of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, from 2003 to 2011, he guided Brazil to a position of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

coloniality, even in the most ‘benign’ of research and policy areas, like international aid and humanitarianism. Coloniality can be understood as the perpetuation of colonial systems and technologies of domination into the present. As discussed by scholars such as Quijano, Grosfoguel, Dussel and Ndlovu-Gatsheni, the concept of decoloniality encourages systemic and historical analysis of the organised (re)production of injustice and mass human suffering. Formal colonialism (which arguably existed from 1492 to the 1960s) and transatlantic enslavement are but

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction

institutions were then often used, and even designed, explicitly as vehicles for the pursuit of US interests: the World Food Programme, for example, was established in 1961 to channel American agricultural surplus to the developing world. Liberal internationalism as we know it today, with its particular political and cultural associations with the US, is a product of the 1970s. As Samuel Moyn has argued, it was in the second half of that decade that human rights had its first breakthrough as a cosmopolitan political agenda to promote individual

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector

Rights, Humanitarianism, and Development , 9 : 1 , 1 – 18 , doi: 10.1353/hum.2018.0000 . Korff , V. P. , Balbo , N. , Mills , M. , Heyse , L. and Wittek , R. ( 2015 ), ‘ The Impact of Humanitarian Context Conditions and Individual Characteristics on Aid Worker Retention ’, Disasters , 39 : 3 , 522 – 45 , doi: 10.1111/disa.12119 . Lewis , D. ( 2009 ), ‘ International Development and the “Perpetual Present”: Anthropological Approaches to the Re-historicisation of Policy ’, European Journal of Development Research , 21 : 1 , 32 – 46 , doi: 10

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

economies of the global South, especially the role of post-humanitarianism in governing global precarity. The question of social reproduction is important here. Encompassing the reproduction of human beings as a biological species, social reproduction is an organic part of capitalism. It includes birthing and caring for the young, sick and old while maintaining family, friendship and wider community linkages, identities and moralities ( Fraser, 2016 ). Traditionally unpaid and cast as women’s work, although men have always done some, without these taken

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

donor governments has at least generally come with certain stipulations about human rights and relative autonomy for international relief NGOs in the field. The Chinese have no such agenda, and governments in the Global South have come to understand this perfectly. In short, there is no need to apply to Washington or Brussels when making the same application to Beijing comes at a considerably lower cost in terms of what has to be conceded vis-à-vis humanitarian access, let alone human rights guarantees. The advent of a multipolar world poses an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

that afforded to the general civilian population ( Mackintosh, 2007 ). Furthermore, there is no shortage of international law on the protection of civilians in which aid agencies can ground dialogue and advocacy, and yet many grave violations of international human rights and humanitarian law against the wider civilian population occur without most humanitarian agencies discussing these violations either in private dialogue with alleged perpetrators or in public communications. Moreover, as part of their acceptance strategies, international humanitarian agencies

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

-efficiency and maximising the impact of its (human) resources, UNRWA’s operational policies in 2018 have not only led to the stagnation of staff numbers but have also demonstrated that those UNRWA employees who hold work contracts do so with little to no job security. In this regard, UNRWA is implementing policies that have been extensively criticised elsewhere in the context of livelihood programmes and market employers who offer vulnerable people exploitative contracts with few rights (see Jacobsen, 2006 ). In effect, on 17 January 2018 UNRWA

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)

), Humanitarianism, Communications and Change ( New York : Peter Lang , 2015 ) and R. Andersen and P. L. de Silva (eds), The Routledge Companion to Media and Humanitarian Action ( New York : Routledge , 2017 ). Several collections have examined the relationships between the mass media and international development and human rights, which have become increasingly

in Global humanitarianism and media culture