Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian
and other civilians. Larissa Fast, for example, laments the
differential treatment accorded to refugees compared with the internally displaced,
and to international staff compared with national staff, but says nothing of the
differential treatment accorded to displaced persons on the one hand and staff on
the other ( Fast, 2015 : 119, 127). The
comparison in this article serves two purposes. First, comparing two phenomena helps
us to better
but without this financial engine such innovations will never take full flight. There
will be success stories, but they will seldom if ever reach significant scale; large
organisations may be able to mandate the adoption of particular innovations internally
but lack any mandate to ensure their adoption across organisational boundaries.
Institutional donors do not and should not have the authority to command implementing
organisations to adopt specific innovations, since they
externally-provided support, rather than in public health or educational institutions. For instance, on 29 March 2018 UNRWA’s Beirut office issued an internal circular to
UNRWA staff in Lebanon entitled ‘Clarification on the Coverage of Specific Health
Services’. The national-level circular announced that UNRWA’s limited financial
resources in 2018 mean that the agency ‘finds itself compelled to suspend the coverage of
normal deliveries from normal pregnancies starting the end of March 2018’. It also
announced the suspension of a
This study is about the central place of the emotional world in Beckett's writing. Stating that Beckett is ‘primarily about love’, it makes a re-assessment of his influence and immense popularity. The book examines numerous Beckettian texts, arguing that they embody a struggle to remain in contact with a primal sense of internal goodness, one founded on early experience with the mother. Writing itself becomes an internal dialogue, in which the reader is engaged, between a ‘narrative-self’ and a mother.
In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.
, Turkey’s first politically Muslim Prime Minister, Necmettin Erbakan, did not Islamize its foreign policy, nor did he bring excessive Muslim policies to bear on its domestic affairs.
The 1990s were also successful for Turkey internally, although here the results are clearly more mixed. The Kurdish revolt has been curbed, the Turkish economy has achieved some important gains, secular–religious disagreements have not worsened, and wider circles – hitherto not a party to the decision-making procedures in Turkey – have taken part in municipal, national
was left behind. J. D. O’Hara suggests that ‘From
An Abandoned Work’ refers to a session of psychotherapy, and that what is
abandoned is the therapy, which is never completed (quotation in Gontarski,
1995: xxvii). This is how I read the entire oeuvre, as a lengthy, complex psychoanalytical dialogue, between the emerging-self and an imagined other, whom it
hopes can contain primal anxieties, much like the Auditor in Not I. I see the
(temporarily) ‘abandoned work’ as directed towards the emergence of an authentic self in relation to a good internal presence. The
underplays analysis of the party itself. This chapter offers a two-tier
analysis of the interaction between developments within the party system
as a whole, and the internal politics of the French PS.
At both levels, an appreciation of both structure and agency is vital
to understanding how both the PS and the party system have recently
evolved. The first section illustrates the institutional constraints of the
French party system, and how its competitive demands helped to
structure the internal organisation of the PS. Subsequent sections show
how, in turn, the PS has
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’
Miguel Martínez Lucio
much depends on how you define numerical flexibility and what the legal
framework for temporary contracting is.
5 It is beyond the scope of this chapter to review the importance of the Basque state in its
ability to inculcate stronger forms of social engagement and dialogue; greater attention
in future is needed in terms of internal comparative analysis within Spain.
6 To be able to open a more systematic debate on this key period, the nature of industrial
policy in the 1980s and early 1990s would have to be studied carefully and the financial accounts of key
appears more interesting
or exciting, though there is doubt about a theoretical notion I may have
used to achieve this effect, I will have accomplished what I am setting
out to do.
One of the core arguments of this study is that Beckett’s oeuvre is a
manifestation of a narrative-self whose universe is organized by a
dominant feeling of precarious connection to a primary, good internal
presence. I read the work as a record of purely internal experience, and
do not wish to make claims about the actuality of early deprivation or
hostility on the part of external objects