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An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

Brazilian diplomat. As we began discussing international affairs and strategy, Amorim’s speech assumed a calm, professorial cadence. ‘Global disorder’ undermines international cooperation, he suggested soberly. And there is a need to rescue human rights discourse, despite the hypocrisy and selectivity of its liberal proponents. Amorim leant forward when I brought up Brazil’s recent withdrawal from the world stage. As foreign minister throughout the two presidential terms of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, from 2003 to 2011, he guided Brazil to a position of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

US all understand. This need for parity is always an issue, classically captured by the relative stability of mutually assured destruction. But where China, Russia and the US are concerned, it doesn’t hold. Without the leverage provided by the US, whether through threats or incentives, China and Russia only need to agree to international rules when they choose to. Who could compel them to do otherwise (unless one of them aligns with the US)? And so, where cooperation in the coming world at the inter-state level on matters of mutual interest

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

Introduction In October 2016 the New York Review of Books published an article by International Rescue Committee President David Miliband titled ‘The Best Ways to Deal with the Refugee Crisis’. It began with a predictable target. US Presidential candidate Donald Trump’s claims about a ‘tremendous flow’ of Syrian refugees making their way to North America were based in ‘myth, not fact’, Miliband wrote ( Miliband, 2016 ). Not only that: they also openly belittled the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

the Couch? ’, Aid on the Edge of Chaos: Rethinking International Cooperation in a Complex World , https://aidontheedge.info/2014/12/05/the-wdr-2015-putting-development-on-the-couch/ (accessed 2 September 2017 ). Ramalingam , B. , Laric , M. and Primrose , J. ( 2014 ), ‘ From Best Practice to Best Fit: Understanding and Navigating Wicked Problems in International Development ’, Working Paper ( London : Overseas Development Institute ). Redfield , P. ( 2015 ), ‘ Fluid Technologies

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

). None of this complexity is new. The sector has historically responded to emergencies where local conflict collides with weak social systems, high-threat pathogen outbreaks, natural hazard disasters and a shortfall in financial or moral will from the international community to act ( Development Initiatives, 2018 ; Salama et al. , 2004 ). What has changed, however, is the nature of this complexity. It has been inextricably shifted by forces that are beyond the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

redefined. This first issue of the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs looks at what the possible end of liberal order means for humanitarianism. How are changes in the international system affecting humanitarian institutions and cooperation? How is humanitarianism changing? How relevant are humanitarian ideas and practices today? The issue includes contributions from: Stephen Hopgood, on the closure of ‘liberal space’ and its likely consequences for humanitarian action; Mark Duffield, on ‘post-humanitarianism’ and the government of precarity; Elena

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

, it examines the ways UNRWA’s operational changes since January 2018 have been experienced and conceptualised by Palestinians living in Lebanon. It does so through a multiscalar analysis, tracing and examining processes taking place in the international arena, on regional and national levels in the Middle East and within the Palestinian refugee camps of Lebanon. 1 In January 2018, the US Government declared that it would contribute only $60 million to UNRWA (compared to $364 million the previous year) 2 unless the Agency undertook specific US

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

history of specific, local interventions and the legacies of institutional policies and practices ( Sandvik, 2012 ). The humanitarian sector has long used wristbands to control and care for beneficiaries. This postcolonial past still shapes and limits what a wearable can be and do ( Rottenburg, 2009 ). In what follows, I use examples from the areas of refugee management and nutrition to illustrate this point. A key objective of international refugee management is to reduce fraud, one type of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

quantitative studies offer little interpretation of violent incidents other than to say that they demonstrate a lack of respect for international humanitarian norms that require belligerents to protect and facilitate the provision of healthcare to the sick and wounded. They tend to reinforce the assumption, widely held among the aid community, that violence on health facilities and personnel is primarily, if not exclusively, motivated by belligerents’ intent to deprive their enemy

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Power in cross-border Cooperation

The volume explores a question that sheds light on the contested, but largely cooperative, nature of Arctic governance in the post-Cold War period: How do power relations matter – and how have they mattered – in shaping cross-border cooperation and diplomacy in the Arctic? Through carefully selected case studies – from Russia’s role in the Arctic Council to the diplomacy of indigenous peoples’ organisations – this book seeks to shed light on how power performances are enacted constantly to shore up Arctic cooperation in key ways. The conceptually driven nature of the enquiry makes the book appropriate reading for courses in international relations and political geography, while the carefully selected case studies lend themselves to courses on Arctic politics.