Insurgency ’, London Review of Books ,
29 : 5 ,
5 – 8 . McIntyre ,
L. ( 2018 ),
Post-Truth ( Cambridge, MA : MIT
Press ). Mill , J.
S. ( 1859 ), On Liberty
( London : Penguin Classics ,
1974 ). Milton ,
J. ( 1644 ),
Areopagitica: A Speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d
Printing, to the Parlament of England
( London ). Mourão , R. ,
Thorson , E. ,
Chen , M. and
S. ( 2018 ),
‘ Media Repertoires and News Trust during the
This book presents a contemporary, eyewitness account of the life of Martin Luther translated into English. Johannes Cochlaeus (1479–1552) was present in the great hall at the Diet of Worms on April 18, 1521 when Luther made his famous declaration before Emperor Charles V: ‘Here I stand. I can do no other. God help me. Amen’. Afterward, Cochlaeus sought Luther out, met him at his inn, and privately debated with him. Luther wrote of Cochlaeus, ‘may God long preserve this most pious man, born to guard and teach the Gospel of His church, together with His word, Amen’. However, the confrontation left Cochlaeus convinced that Luther was an impious and malevolent man. Over the next twnety-five years, Cochlaeus barely escaped the Peasant's War with his life. He debated with Melanchthon and the reformers of Augsburg. It was Cochlaeus who conducted the authorities to the clandestine printing press in Cologne, where William Tyndale was preparing the first English translation of the New Testament (1525). For an eyewitness account of the Reformation—and the beginnings of the Catholic Counter-Reformation—no other historical document matches the first-hand experience of Cochlaeus. After Luther's death, it was rumoured that demons seized the reformer on his death-bed and dragged him off to Hell. In response to these rumours, Luther's friend and colleague Philip Melanchthon wrote and published a brief encomium of the reformer in 1548. Cochlaeus consequently completed and published his monumental life of Luther in 1549.
‘caused’ (in the sense of providing the necessary and sufficient conditions
for) most significant political changes, though the direction of these developments was neither invariably clear nor unambiguously progressive. The
advent of papyrus, for example, had a democratizing effect on knowledge in
ancient Egypt by spreading information afar and beyond a priestly class.
Much later, a further technological advance, the printingpress, became (Innis
here quotes G. M. Trevelyan) ‘a battering-ram to bring abbeys and castles
crashing to the ground’. Innis’s work was filled
Geoffrey Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde and John Lydgate’s Troy Book
the spectre of his or his work’s flaws in order to
elicit a kinder reception by readers.2 It is a trope used by two of
the three most influential poets of late-medieval England, Geoffrey
Chaucer and his successor John Lydgate, and is turned to repeatedly by the merchant and translator who first introduced the printingpress to England, William Caxton. In the hands of all three,
and in its use by scores of other writers from the late fourteenth
to the early sixteenth centuries, the topos accomplishes work that
extends beyond the performance of humility and its
The Huntington Library copy is identical to the copy in the BL in every
respect. Shows which demonstrate fewer and more minor press corrections between different copies include The triumphs of health and
prosperity and Londons ius honorarium.
See Greg, Bibliography, vol. II, p. 531.
This woodcut appears to have been reused for Taylor’s Heauens blessing, and earths ioy of 1613.
Bergeron has identiﬁed ‘a number of manifest errors’ in Okes’s
printing of Londons ius honorarium (‘Heywood’s “Londons Ius
Honorarium”’, pp. 225–6). There is a reference to ‘faults
Regina Maria Roche, the Minerva Press, and the bibliographic spread of Irish gothic fiction
be so throughout the nineteenth century. 41 So notable was the circulation and appeal of Roche's novels that, as the New England Weekly Review observed in 1828, they could be found ‘in the hands of every novel reader in Europe and America’. 42 The global impact of Roche's novels relied principally on Lane's transcontinental and transatlantic connections.
A key figure in the growth of a transnational literary marketplace, Lane vitally enabled the spread of the circulating library network in England while also feeding printingpresses across
American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–30
Winifred C. Connerton
Alabama Press, 2003), pp. 95–105.
10 H. K. Carroll, ‘Missionary problems of our new possessions’, in Report of the
Meeting of the Conference of Foreign Missions Boards in Canada and in the
United States January 16–18, 1901 (New York, 1901), p. 123.
11 C. H. Allen, First Annual Report of Charles H. Allen, Governor of Porto
Rico, covering the period from May 1, 1900, to May 1, 1901 (Washington,
DC: Government Printing Office, 1901), p. 55 (LexisNexis US Serial Set
12 Formal nursing education began in the US in the 1870s. By 1880, there were
laborious process fraught with difficulties. Errors were all too common
when printers were unfamiliar with the Welsh alphabet and language. However, with the lapsing of the Licensing Act after 1695, presses were soon to
be established in Shrewsbury, which was much more convenient for both
Language, literacy and aspects of identity in early modern Wales
authors and purchasers within Wales. The first printingpress in Wales itself
was set up by Isaac Carter at Trefhedyn near Newcastle Emlyn in 1718. Other
presses were soon established in market towns, including Swansea
printed in the early seventeenth century, but the periodical press really took
off commercially during the eighteenth century.19 In Augsburg, for example,
which had long been an influential media and printing centre, the handful of
newspapers produced during the early eighteenth century swelled to around
200 by the end of the century.20 Some of them, such as the Intelligenzblätter,
contained a rubric with mixed messages. And here we come across the sign
reports again. By this time they were reduced to mere textual announcements.
The simple illustrations, which were one
A war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West
’s Nuremberg Laws, from Patton’s
Trophy to Public Memorial (Denver: Paradigm Publishers, 2006).
S.G. Morton, Crania America (Philadelphia: J. Dobson, 1839); A.
Hrdlicka, Directions for Collecting Information and Specimens for Physical
Anthropology (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1904);
E. Gifford, California Anthropometry (Salinas, CA: Coyote Press, 1926).
M. J. Lenz, ‘George Gustav Heye’, in D. B. Spruce (ed.), Spirit of a
Native Place: Building the National Museum of the American Indian
(Washington, DC: National Geographic Society and National Museum