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Editor’s Introduction

. These reflections may be at odds with how the professionalisation of security has given rise to a separate set of security concerns and actors, or, in other words, how the issue of humanitarian security has largely been addressed as an isolated and distinct issue. But what all the contributions to the issue demonstrate is that humanitarian security is not and cannot ever be tackled separately from broader humanitarian dynamics. Another feature of many discourses on humanitarian security is that being a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction

accelerate the professionalisation of the aid sector ( Fiori et al ., 2016 ). But at the turn of the millennium, there were indications of a downturn in the influence of humanitarian ideas on Western geostrategy. The strategic value of humanitarian intervention diminished as the US launched its totalising war on terror. Humanitarianism was little more than an afterthought to the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Since then, despite the continued rise in donations to humanitarian agencies, the political currency of liberal humanitarianism and its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector

.1080/18340806.2015.1157846 . Crisp , J. ( 2016 ), ‘ Minor Miracle or Historic Failure Ahead for UN ’, Refugees Deeply , 8 August, www.newsdeeply.com/refugees/community/2016/08/08/long-read-minor-miracle-or-historic-failure-ahead-for-u-n-summit (accessed 25 July 2018) . Dauvin , P. ( 2004 ), ‘ On Being a Humanitarian Aid Worker under an Imposed Code of Professionalisation ’, Revue Tiers Monde , 180 : 4 , 825 – 40 , doi: 10.3917/rtm.180.0825 ; English translation available at www.cairn-int.info/article-E_RTM_180_0825-on-being-a%20humanitarian-aid-worker.htm (accessed 25 July 2018

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

two fields of practice should be removed, but rather to highlight and problematise this distinction, which is usually taken for granted. Concerns about physical violence and safety are by no means new to international humanitarian agencies ( Bugnion, 2003 : 125–6; Taithe, 2016 : 43–7). However, it is over the past thirty years that these concerns have been addressed by increasingly professionalised approaches ( Gentile, 2011 ; Neuman, 2016a : 26-28; Stoddard et al. , 2006 : 21–35). The expansion and professionalisation of efforts to protect the local civilian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

experience the reality, too. Why has this dissonance not broken humanitarianism apart? For a variety of familiar reasons. One is institutional inertia – there are a lot of organisations and individual careers riding on the continuation of the humanitarian project. A second is professionalisation, the careers people have built as humanitarian professionals, not well-meaning amateurs – careers with status, credentials, salaries and pensions. Third is the endless supply of those who would wish to make a difference, whose sense of what they are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Female theatre workers and professional practice

Stage women, 1900–50 explores the many ways in which women conceptualised, constructed and participated in networks of professional practice in the theatre and performance industries between 1900 and 1950. A timely volume full of original research, the book explores women’s complex negotiations of their agency over both their labour and public representation, and their use of personal and professional networks to sustain their careers. Including a series of case studies that explore a range of well-known and lesser-known women working in theatre, film and popular performance of the period. The volume is divided into two connected parts. ‘Female theatre workers in the social and theatrical realm’ looks at the relationship between women’s work – on- and offstage – and autobiography, activism, technique, touring, education and the law. Part II, ‘Women and popular performance’, focuses on the careers of individual artists, once household names, including Lily Brayton, Ellen Terry, radio star Mabel Constanduros, and Oscar-winning film star Margaret Rutherford. Overall, the book provides new and vibrant cultural histories of women’s work in the theatre and performance industries of the period.

Open Access (free)
A history of colonial and post-colonial nursing
Editors: Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

Colonial Caring covers over a century of colonial nursing by nurses from a wide range of countries including: Denmark, Britain, USA, Holland and Italy; with the colonised countries including South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Ethiopia, Nigeria, India, Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) and the Danish West Indies. It presents unique perspectives from which to interrogate colonialism and post-colonialism including aspects of race, cultural difference and implications of warfare and politics upon nursing. Viewing nursing’s development under colonial and post-colonial rule reveals different faces of a profession that superficially may appear to be consistent and coherent, yet in reality is constantly reinventing itself. Considering such areas as transnational relationships, class, gender, race and politics, this book aims to present current work in progress within the field, to better understand the complex entanglements in nursing’s development as it was imagined and practised in local imperial, colonial and post-colonial contexts. Taking a chronologically-based structure, early chapters examine nursing in situations of conflict in the post-Crimean period from the Indian Rebellion to the Anglo-Boer War. Recruitment, professionalisation of nursing and of military nursing in particular, are therefore considered before moving deeper into the twentieth century reflecting upon later periods of colonialism in which religion and humanitarianism become more central. Drawing from a wide range of sources from official documents to diaries, memoirs and oral sources, and using a variety of methodologies including qualitative and quantitative approaches, the book represents ground-breaking work.

Open Access (free)
Actresses, charity work and the early twentieth-century theatre profession

This chapter considers aspects of public charity work undertaken by actresses in the 1910s, focusing on their work selling for charitable causes within the commercial sector at Harrods department store in London. Charity labour has been overlooked in understandings of the theatre industry during this period, yet the considerable amount of voluntary work that actresses undertook was significant to the continuing improved social and cultural position of the British stage more generally. Charity work at home and overseas brought an increasing level of professionalisation to actresses’ work in the voluntary sector and wider recognition of the charitable activities they undertook.

in Stage women, 1900–50
So what went wrong?

Relatively few Indigenous Australians work as nurses, midwives, doctors or other health professionals yet they face the poorest health outcomes of any population group in Australia, with significantly reduced life expectancy. This paper places these two issues within their historical context tracing the history of nursing in Australia, from its earliest days when six nurses trained by Florence Nightingale arrived in the colony. It compares the training of non-Indigenous nurses and the emerging professionalisation of nursing with training received by ‘native nurses’ living on government-run settlements in Queensland. ‘Native nurses’ were trained to work under supervision of white nurses but confined to working with Indigenous patients on settlements and reserves rather than within the wider hospital system. This chapter argues that Australia differed from other British colonies in its treatment and recruitment of Indigenous nurses, by ignoring British recommendations to train them, and instead relying upon nurses brought in from overseas or recruited amongst the white settlers. This historical perspective helps to inform an understanding of the health issues that currently face Indigenous Australians.

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing

Introduction: contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins Nursing history has until recently been an insular analysis whose central theme was most often professionalisation within national borders, and although a more international perspective has been emerging over the past five to ten years there is still a big gap in its literature when examining the role nurses and nursing played in a country’s colonial and post-colonial past and the impact that experience of this particular form of nursing had on the wider development of

in Colonial caring