. Refusing to answer journalists’ questions about current or past abductions, humanitarian organisations also tend to keep information from their own staff. Unless they personally know the managers handling the kidnappings, aid workers must rely on their organisation’s public version of the facts (i.e. ‘No comment’) and the more or less credible information that appears in the media, which may describe the horrendous conditions in which the hostages are being held and the payment of ransom to criminal and political networks ( Callimachi, 2014a , 2014b ; Kiser, 2013 ). In

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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. If the captors took women in order to hold them for ransom, it is clear that they would have been protected from assault, in which case the woman may return to her husband. But if the captors were interested in murdering and despoiling, then it is suspected that the woman may have offered herself to them in order to remain alive. In that case, the issue at hand is whether or not she can return to her husband after her release from captivity. During this period of captivity, one who was forced to convert was presumed to be a captive of the first kind; hence, most of

in Apostasy and Jewish identity in High Middle Ages Northern Europe
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A theatre maker in every sense

cuttings, pamphlets, leaflets and letters mainly relating to the movement for women’s suffrage in England, formed and annotated by M. Arncliffe Sennett’, Vol. 25, No. 96, British Library, C.121.g.1 (cited in Hirshfield, 1985: 140). See also Naomi Paxton’s chapter in this volume. 20 A contemporary reading of both productions and their effects can be found in Huntly (1912). 21 Claude McKay, ‘How Oscar Asche Spent a Fortune’, Sun-Herald [Sydney], 19 October 1952. 22 Unidentified press cutting, Kismet production file, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of

in Stage women, 1900–50
India and America

disposed to Chap 7 19/8/02 11:47 am Page 153 The Chatham ministry I (1766–1767) 153 accept a French proposal to link the two Anglo-Spanish disputes over the Manila Ransom and the Falkland Islands. That policy was agreed at a cabinet meeting of 15 November 1766, Egmont having already resigned over this and other issues. Southern Secretary Shelburne pursued the idea throughout 1767, for payment of the Manila Ransom would bring, he thought, enough diplomatic prestige to outweigh any concession over Port Egmont. But no firm financial offer was made by Spain, and

in George III

market of violence is a field of activity which is mainly characterised by economic aims, in which both robbery and barter and the related activities of collection of ransoms, protection money, road tolls, etc. feature. Each actor has a number of basic options ranging from theft to trade. The generals, princes, militia chiefs and party leaders who lead the troops in such conflicts are known in the research as ‘warlords’. This term is used without any acknowledgement of its connotations with respect to the civil or criminal legal status of these persons. Warlords are

in Potentials of disorder
The Albanian mafia

to speak of a mafia, discussion is none the less eminently necessary. The signs are in the multi-criminal activity. The Albanian villains traffic in drugs, illegal migrants, arms, stolen vehicles, contraband cigarettes and alcohol. They devote themselves to pimping and burglary on a grand scale, kidnapping for ransom, contract killings, audio and video pirating, falsifying official documents (visas, etc.) and laundering criminal money. The impressive capacity to conduct highly complex transnational operations The secret mass transfer of migrants from the Albanian

in Potentials of disorder
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Stephen, Earl Robert knew he that he could rely on his wife, the countess Mabel, to support his political strategy. When cajoled and then threatened by Stephen’s supporters to abandon the empress, he remained steadfast in his opposition, able to do so since he knew that his wife would send Stephen to Ireland should anything happen to him.40 William of Malmesbury also shows Mabel’s concern at the capture and imprisonment of her husband. He states that she was willing to accept a proposal detailing the exchange of the earl for less than his true ransom value, driven as

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm
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The change in mentality

of Rothenburg in prison. But the latter ordered his fellow Jews not to pay an excessive amount for his release, but only a relatively small amount of money. As a result he remained imprisoned for seven years, until he died in prison. In the end, a certain Jew ransomed his body for an enormous sum, asking only that after his own death he be buried near R. Meir ben Baruch of Rothenburg. To this day it is possible to see the double graves, adjacent to one another, at the entrance to the ancient Jewish cemetery in Worms. The story is recorded on the gravestones for

in Apostasy and Jewish identity in High Middle Ages Northern Europe
The Stamp Act Crisis

favoured nation status’ for Britain: but the instructions had come from Sandwich during Grenville’s ministry, and the Rockingham cabinet played little part in the final outcome.14 Grenville’s ‘gunboat diplomacy’ obviated earlier criticism of weakness towards the Bourbon Powers, but there was one matter over which his ministry could be attacked, failure to press the so-called Manila Ransom issue with Spain. There was a strong British case to claim payment of the sum agreed upon at the capture of the Philippines capital to prevent looting of that city. But a belligerent

in George III
Claude McKay’s experience and analysis of Britain

of an unpublished sketch of his time in Britain); Nancy Cunard Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin. McKay to Ogden, 2 April 1920. 18 McKay to Ogden, 25 February 1920. 19 McKay to Ogden, 2 April 1920

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain