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Re-individualising human remains from Namibia

Colonialism, grave robbery and intellectual history

Larissa Förster, Dag Henrichsen, Holger Stoecker and Hans Axasi╪Eichab

In 1885, the Berlin pathologist Rudolf Virchow presented three human skeletons from the colony of German South West Africa to the Berlin Society for Anthropology, Ethnology and Prehistory. The remains had been looted from a grave by a young German scientist, Waldemar Belck, who was a member of the second Lüderitz expedition and took part in the occupation of colonial territory. In an attempt to re-individualise and re-humanise these human remains, which were anonymised in the course of their appropriation by Western science, the authors consult not only the colonial archive, but also contemporary oral history in Namibia. This allows for a detailed reconstruction of the social and political contexts of the deaths of the three men, named Jacobus Hendrick, Jacobus !Garisib and Oantab, and of Belck’s grave robbery, for an analysis of how the remains were turned into scientific objects by German science and institutions, as well as for an establishment of topographical and genealogical links with the Namibian present. Based on these findings, claims for the restitution of African human remains from German institutions cannot any longer be regarded as a contemporary phenomenon only but must be understood as part of an African tradition of resistance against Western colonial and scientific practices.

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Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

fully understand the present volume’s dealing with the third phase. In this respect, Human Remains in Society re­presents not only the logical continuation, but also the culmination of our research. It is the fruit of a conference held at the University of Manchester in September 2014 that sought to investigate the legacy of mass crimes, with a particular focus on understanding the ­different mechanisms and logics involved in the reappearance of human remains. Human Remains in Society therefore aims to concentrate on the treatment and the eventual fate of corpses and

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Will Leggett

empirical changes identified by the Third Way, such as economic and cultural globalisation and increased individualisation, may have necessitated a revision of their own strategy, as well as that of the ruling elites. The problem remains, then, that in a productive critique of the Third Way, both these conditions and Third Way ideas themselves need to be more fully engaged with. In

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Roslyn Kerr

because of that same riskiness. Thus, different social groups interpreted the ordinary bicycle differently (in an example of the concept of interpretive flexibility), which affected whether each group chose to use the bicycle. ANT’s focus differs from SCOT’s through its emphasis on the technologies, and other non-humans, as actors that affect and influence enrolment processes. In SCOT, as in most sociological approaches, the focus remains purely on the human actors: in particular, on social groups. In ANT, humans

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(Re)cognising the corpse

Individuality, identification and multidirectional memorialisation in post-genocide Rwanda

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Ayala Maurer-Prager

’s model –​facilitated by one’s recognition of intersubjective similarity and alterity –​is a constant, evolving and dynamic interaction with an acting other. When the place of the other is occupied by a corpse, however, processes of identification enter a new dimension. Dispossessed of self-​agency and no longer possessing the life force on which the 114 114   Human remains in society active difference/​similitude component of identification relies, the corpse is both alien and simultaneously utterly, corporeally known to its viewer. The corpse’s strange subjectivity

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‘Space-crossed time’

Digital photography and cartography in Wolfgang Weileder’s Atlas

Rachel Wells

left to the elements. Over time, the human scaled-models became battered, crumpled and damp. Some were removed, others left slumped around the city, their cardboard Beaux-Arts pillars buckling under the effects of both time and bad weather (see Figure 5.13). In its conjunction of two very different architectures – the symbolic power of a vast building constructed to house and distribute justice, and the humanscaled, fragile and vulnerable cover for a sheltering body – Res Publica posed pointed questions about the nature of justice and freedom in a Western society in

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Working-time flexibility

Diversification and the rise of fragmented time systems

Iain Campbell

systems’. Another alternative is ‘individualisation’, but this is misleading unless we distinguish genuine forms of individualisation from the often-spurious claims of individualisation associated with market processes (McCann, 2007). References Adams, Z. and Deakin, S. (2014), Re-regulating Zero Hours Contracts (London: Institute of Employment Rights). Anxo, D. (2004), ‘Working time patterns among industrialized countries: a household perspective’ in Messenger, J. (ed), Working Time and Workers’ Preferences in Industrialized Countries: Finding the Balance (London

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Introduction

Reasonable tolerance

Catriona McKinnon and Dario Castiglione

interest in issues of toleration come from the attempt to adapt its vocabulary to the challenges posed MCKIN 1/10/2003 2 10:15 AM Page 2 Introduction: reasonable tolerance by the way in which ‘difference’ has become both more diffuse and more pervasive in our daily lives, through processes of individualisation, multiculturalism, globalisation, and the multiplication of ‘immigrant societies’.4 As a rough and ready distinction, we suggest that, historically, the toleration debate has entered its third phase. It first originated as a reasoned answer to the social and

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Producing hyperflexibility

The restructuring of work in Britain

Louise Amoore

managerially defined and fused with human resources discourse. A central question for contemporary analysis of the restructuring of industrial relations in Britain is whether the election of a Labour Government in 1997 has reversed the trend towards the individualisation of industrial relations. The overwhelming finding seems to be that the Labour Government has reinscribed the individualisation dynamic with ‘global’ overtones (see Hay, 1999; Coates and Hay, 2000), and that given their ‘enthusiastic adoption’ it is ‘inappropriate to continue to attach the label of

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Social mechanisms generating demand

A review and manifesto

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Alan Warde

does isolate some motives and mechanisms that we can see operating in contemporary consumption practice (see Schor, 1998, and Chapter 7 of this volume). It is also determinedly social rather than individual: consumption is about groups and the relationship between them, about belonging rather more than about individual distinction. Only in its most recent, especially postmodern, phase has it turned to individualised choice. The approach does, however, have some deficiencies. It ineptly specifies the limitations of the central mechanisms, in that it tends to suggest