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The effects of gender, households and ethnicity

Social reproduction of youth labour market inequalities 13 The social reproduction of youth labour market inequalities: the effects of gender, households and ethnicity Jacqueline O’Reilly, Mark Smith and Paola Villa Introduction Young people have been disproportionately hit by the economic crisis. In many  European countries, unemployment rates have increased faster for youth  than for prime age groups (O’Reilly et al., 2015). Vulnerability to the risks of poverty and precarious employment has been compounded by ­increasing  economic inequalities and the rise

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

development has been set the task of re-wilding a post-social world. Within the economic logic of precarity, however, the global South has a special place. Able to utilise the relatively unregulated conditions existing there ( Hosein and Nyst, 2013 ), rather than eradicating poverty, the role of humanitarian innovation is to experiment, trial and anticipate the means to govern an emerging global precariat ( Jacobsen, 2015 ). In particular, the challenge is to sustain precarity in the sub-prime conditions of the South by optimising its social reproduction

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement

the emergency having been declared over. Discussion Each of these events reveals the fluidity of legitimacy, the importance of negotiation and the significance of roles and decisions taken by different kinds of intermediaries navigating the response ( Vigh, 2006 ). These three ‘acts of resistance’ also demonstrate the complex political processes and the specific dynamics of compromise underpinning the social reproduction of the Ebola response at local level. They show the crucial

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

11 Plague, patriarchy and ‘girl power’ Jane Humphries Introduction The inspiration for this chapter comes from an earlier contribution, written with Jill Rubery in 1984, which surveyed theories of social reproduction and its relationship to the economy. We argued that the family, notwithstanding its extensive responsibilities for reproducing, training and socialising future workers, had not been established as an interesting, central and dynamic variable for ­economic analysis (Humphries and Rubery, 1984). Instead, across the whole spectrum of theoretical

in Making work more equal

independent values against which the limitations of capitalism might be exposed. These values informed social democracy’s political agenda, as it looked to an active state to block or moderate the dynamics of capitalist reproduction. Even at its most reformist, then, social democracy represented a distinctly uneasy accommodation with capitalism, and a refusal to capitulate to values

in The Third Way and beyond
Mobilising affect in feminist, queer and anti-racist media cultures

The power of vulnerability interrogates the new language of vulnerability that has emerged in feminist, queer and anti-racist debates about the production, use and meanings of media. The book investigates the historical legacies and contemporary forms and effects of this language. In today’s media culture, traumatic first-person or group narratives have popular currency, mobilising affect from compassion to rage to gain cultural visibility and political advantage. In this context, vulnerability becomes a kind of capital, a resource or an asset that can and has been appropriated for various groups and purposes in public discourses, activism as well as cultural institutions. Thus, politics of representation translates into politics of affect, and the question about whose vulnerability counts as socially and culturally legible and acknowledged. The contributors of the book examine how vulnerability has become a battleground; how affect and vulnerability have turned into a politicised language for not only addressing but also obscuring asymmetries of power; and how media activism and state policies address so-called vulnerable groups. While the contributors investigate the political potential as well as the constraints of vulnerability for feminist, queer and antiracist criticism, they also focus on the forms of agency and participation vulnerability can offer.

Open Access (free)
A new labour market segmentation approach

This book presents new theories and international empirical evidence on the state of work and employment around the world. Changes in production systems, economic conditions and regulatory conditions are posing new questions about the growing use by employers of precarious forms of work, the contradictory approaches of governments towards employment and social policy, and the ability of trade unions to improve the distribution of decent employment conditions. Designed as a tribute to the highly influential contributions of Jill Rubery, the book proposes a ‘new labour market segmentation approach’ for the investigation of issues of job quality, employment inequalities, and precarious work. This approach is distinctive in seeking to place the changing international patterns and experiences of labour market inequalities in the wider context of shifting gender relations, regulatory regimes and production structures.

Witnessing, retribution and domestic reform

s, e.g. in Cambodia, Bosnia and Zambia. I want to draw attention to the relation of compulsive reproduction following ethnic cleansing to this ethnicisation at the social and political levels. However understandable at a personal level, immediate reproduction after ethnic cleansing permits the fiction of a recuperation of the loss through substitution of the living child for the dead loved ones. New group leaders, who understand their purpose to be the reconstitution of the social, frequently utilise this fiction in order to mobilise followers. Insofar as their

in Potentials of disorder
Open Access (free)

(equality of powers plus diverse reciprocity) that I believe a more radical politics should aim towards. Chapter 3 argued that the NSD derives from and embeds a security state that has remodelled the welfare state and reconfigured needs as risks and fears; the security state was then further explored in terms of New Labour’s approach to information and ICTs. In the last chapter I then questioned the scope of the NSD, showing that ‘old’ social democracy is still very much alive, though not without difficulties. However, I also suggested that productivist reforms are not

in After the new social democracy

to reproductive rights (Cohen, 2005; Cooper and Waldby, 2008; 2014). Recent scholarship argues that reproduction is increasingly perceived as a marker of citizenship by providing the ground for social participation and claims to social resources (Turner, 2001; 2008:  46). In this context, reproductive rights, which are enshrined in the UN declaration of human rights, can be interpreted as having a child being a human right (Turner, 2008: 52). In China Girl, such an understanding of reproductive rights as human rights is explicitly expressed by the couple Felicity

in The power of vulnerability