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How people and organizations create and manage excess

This book presents studies of ways in which people and organizations deal with the overflow of information, goods, or choices. The contributors explore two main themes. The first is the emergence of overflows: What is defined as overflow? Here the notion of framing as coined by Michel Callon has guided our approach. There is no overflow until some flow has been framed; framing means defining, and defining means imposing borders. Who does it, how, and why? The answer to these questions necessitates an historical and comparative approach. What one culture defines as necessity, another may see as excess, and these differences can exist even between different levels of the same social hierarchy. The second theme is the management of overflows, in the double meaning of the term: as controlling and as coping. Coping with overflow means learning to live with it; controlling overflow requires various skills and devices. The individual chapters show the management of overflow taking place in various social settings, periods, and political contexts: From the attempts of states to manage future consumption overflow in post-war Eastern European to the contemporary economies of sharing. Other contributions focus on overflow in healthcare administration, overflow problems in mass travel and migration, overflow in digital services, and the overflow that scholars face in dealing with an abundance of research information and publications. This edited volume belongs to the transdisciplinary social sciences, and therefore it should be of interest to sociologists, management scholars, economists, historians, anthropologists, and cultural studies scholars.

Open Access (free)
A surplus of ideas

thick liquid like blood, moving from place to place, flowing continuously over time and between 192 Overwhelmed by overflows generations, and sticking to tribal people like an invisible tar from which they could not extract themselves. Using terms like diffusion, circulation, transmission, and stagnation gave a scientific edge to what were otherwise mysterious phenomena, as if cultural change was caused by the invisible force of gravity. And while tribal society was like a somnolent dark pool of thick paint, modernity was always ready to add some thinner to get

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Open Access (free)

Introduction Orvar Löfgren and Barbara Czarniawska Our times are witnessing intense debates about overflows. Our lives, at home and at work, allegedly create the necessity of living with too much: too many objects, choices, options, activities, and emotions, as well as too much information. Bestseller titles abound, such as Affluenza: When too much is never enough (Hamilton and Denniss, 2005), Distracted: Erosion of attention and the coming dark age (Jackson, 2008), and Overwhelmed: Work, love and play when no one has the time (Schulte, 2014), accompanied by

in Overwhelmed by overflows?

all tasks were thoroughly predesigned. Managers expected speed and efficiency. There could be no gossiping or socializing in the workplace. The idea behind 82 Overwhelmed by overflows the creation of the open-plan office, where the manager could see everyone, was discipline and focused work. Supplying only relatively (at least by current standards) small social areas where employees could rest or develop a sense of camaraderie with their coworkers also made it easier for managers to monitor the employees’ private use of time. Employees with nowhere to hide from

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Open Access (free)
Managing overflow in science publishing

of science is considered, it may be that a reported increase in paper retractions is caused by an increase in the total number of papers published, rather than by an increase in fraud. As many fingers pointed to the world of publishing, we set out to take a closer look at this world, this time exploring the perspective Overwhelmed by overflows 132 of journal editors. Our goal was to assess the perceived overflow with their help and discover whether the number of submitted manuscripts is really increasing, and, if so, how the editors deal with the increase. We

in Overwhelmed by overflows?

support citizens by providing information before they had to make a choice. Private actors also saw business opportunities and started private web-based guides. Overwhelmed by overflows 152 Yet guides for choice are not a new phenomenon. A classic example is the red Michelin restaurant guide that has been helping customers choose restaurants since 1955 (Karpik, 2010; Kwon and Easton, 2010); in time, this guide became web-based. Other well-known examples are TripAdvisor, Booking.com, and PriceRunner. Guides covering key public services are a relatively new phenomenon

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Controversies regarding epistemic wagers in climate-economy models

interchangeably referred to as the ‘economics of climate change’ or the ‘economics of global warming’. 112 Overwhelmed by overflows process and what is to be considered a well-designed policy response to these changes. To be able to model various possible economic outcomes of global climatic changes and the potential strengths and weaknesses of various policy responses, climate economists have generally relied on so-called Integrated Assessment3 Models (IAMs). IAMs are advanced computer programs that integrate models of various types of natural and social processes, to

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Handling urban overflows

-Gibson (2016) and Kingsley (2016) present such materials, but also good overviews of the European refugee crisis. Other strong detailed accounts are found in Collins (2017) and Schmidle (2015). For a general discussion and analysis of the crisis see, for example, Glorius and Doomernik (2016), Rolshoven and Schlör (2016), and de Genova (2017). The Wikipedia article ‘European migrant crisis’ (2017) contains a wealth of information on the crisis, with statistics, changing travel routes, and extensive coverage of the media debate. 62 Overwhelmed by overflows The current

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Framing excess in a Swedish newspaper group

in a serious financial crisis. In explaining what went wrong with Stampen’s development, various types of overflow were discussed in the public debate. The 2  Uppdrag granskning is a television program run by investigative journalists. Hereafter the abbreviation UG is used throughout this chapter. Overwhelmed by overflows 98 idea for this chapter arose from the Uppdrag granskning program among the reportage, for which owners, directors, journalists, and readers of Stampen were interviewed in an attempt to identify those responsible for the crisis of the media

in Overwhelmed by overflows?

build-up of the British Empire, when British banking institutions were asked to safeguard valuables for clients on extended journeys. The banks turned to the moving (drayage) companies for storage, and the movers produced storage space in primitive lofts (Darden, 2001). Later, banks assumed responsibility for their own storage in strong-rooms built in the basements of banks with vaulted ceilings – hence the word ‘vault’. 46 Overwhelmed by overflows But bank officials gladly relate a grand history of generic safekeeping dating back many thousands of years to ancient

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