Index
in Civilising rural Ireland

Index

Æ see Russell, George William
Abbeydorney Co-operative Society 80, 86, 102, 105, 145, 151, 169, 182
Achonry Co-operative Society 50, 58
Agricultural Commission 10, 170–187
Agricultural Credit Corporation 190, 193
Agricultural Organisation Society (English) 27
agricultural societies 10, 13, 55, 139, 141
American Commission to Investigate Agricultural Credit and Cooperation 86, 92
American Committee for Relief in Ireland 153
American Society of Friends 153
Anderson, Robert A. 19, 23–25, 28, 30, 45, 47, 50, 54, 56, 68, 79, 82–85, 89, 99, 103–106, 108, 115, 137, 144, 146, 150–151, 153, 168–170, 173, 177, 181, 185, 187–188, 203
Ardfert Co-operative Society 151, 186
Ardfert. County Kerry 86
Ballaghderreen Co-operative Society 59–60
Ballinclemessig Co-operative Society 61, 65–67
Ballinode Co-operative Society 107
Ballintrillick Co-operative Stores 57
Ballycanew Co-operative Society 116
Ballydonoghue, County Kerry 144
Ballydwyer, County Kerry 149
Ballymacelligott Co-operative Society 138–139, 149–150, 152–154, 176, 178
Ballymacelligott Credit Society 188
Barbour, Harold 137
Barrie, Hugh 137
Barry, Fr. R. 47
Barton, Robert 130
Birmingham, George 90
Birrell, Augustine 91
Blythe, Ernest 130–131, 174
Boundary Brewing 209
bread 53, 104–105, 133, 142
butter 3, 6, 10, 15, 20–21, 23, 28–29, 31, 33–35, 49–52, 55–56, 62, 67, 73–74, 77–78, 80, 84–85, 89–90, 99, 104, 106–107, 116, 143–145, 150–151, 166–167, 169, 174–177, 179–183, 190, 193, 204
Butter Control Scheme (1924) 181
Buttevant, County Cork 23
Byrne, John 138, 150
Campbell, J.R. 101
Carnegie Trust 103
Castleisland, County Kerry 150
Catholic Church 25, 46–47
clergy 27, 42–47, 50, 57–60, 66, 68, 79, 141
hierarchy 24, 45–47, 58
Catholicism 23, 28, 45–47, 141, 163, 191, 193
Causeway, County Kerry 65–66
cheese 106–107, 144–145, 179
Childers, Erskine 131
Clare, County 19, 28
Cleeve, Thomas 90
Clifford, W.P. 171, 180, 185
Collins, Michael 129, 152
Condensed Milk Company of Ireland 177
Congested Districts Board (CDB) 7, 45–46, 76, 87–88, 110
Connolly, James 19, 133–134
Co-operative Creamery Butter Scheme (1910) 180
Co-operative News 21, 89, 147
Co-operative Reference Library 103–104, 131
Co-operative Union 22–23, 31
Co-operative Wholesale Society (CWS) 8, 10, 20–21, 23, 29–36, 62, 65, 74, 83, 97, 126, 133–134
Cork Butter Market 85
Cork, County 4, 19–23, 33, 51, 80, 143, 168, 178, 209
Corn Production Act (1917) 111, 114
Coyne, William P. 77
creameries 1–5, 10, 15, 18, 20–21, 23–24, 27–36, 41, 43, 45–46, 49–51, 54–68, 77–80, 83–86, 90, 104–107, 109, 116, 124, 136–139, 142–154, 164, 169, 173–188, 190, 194, 203–208
Creamery Act (1928) 178
credit 4, 13, 20, 34, 67, 131, 166, 208
co-operative credit 2, 5, 10, 13, 23, 27–28, 30, 41, 44, 49, 55, 64, 77–78, 87–88, 90, 104, 108–110, 136, 164, 173, 184–190, 194, 203, 206
Creevelea, County Leitrim 64
Crown forces 124, 132, 144, 146–147, 150–152, 169, 205
Cumann na nGaedheal 164–167, 170, 190, 193, 207
Dáil Eireann 122–124, 128–132, 134–135, 143, 162, 170, 172, 206
Dairy Disposal Company (DDC) 154, 164, 169, 176, 178–179, 207
dairying 3, 10, 15, 23–24, 32, 45, 48, 54–55, 57–58, 60, 61–63, 66, 74, 76–77, 83–85 97, 101–102, 107, 124, 136–139, 142–145, 154, 164, 187, 193, 204, 207–208
and the Agricultural Commission 170–183, 185
and the CWS 29–31, 35
Danish 6, 15, 20, 75
and fluke epidemic 187–188, 190
‘Home Rule in the Dairy’ 79
Irish dairy produce and Britain 20–21
and partition 167
technology 27–28
and women 50–53
Davitt, Michael 16
de Blácam, Aodh 113, 127–129
de Lacy, Thomas 68, 106, 149, 153, 169, 177–178, 182
de Valera, Eamon 130–131
de Vismes Kane, William 107
Democratic Programme 122, 124, 134
Denmark 6–7, 14–15, 20–21, 23, 31, 35, 75, 84, 116, 138, 172, 176, 178, 180, 183, 203
Department of Agriculture (post-1922) 166, 170–171, 173–180, 182, 187–189, 193, 206–207
Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction (DATI) 43–44, 47, 50–51, 54–55, 64, 74–86, 88–92, 97–98, 101–102, 109–111, 113–115, 117, 130, 137, 163, 166, 171, 175
Department of Finance (Irish Free State) 174
Development Commission 87–91, 111, 139, 173
Dillon, John, MP 79–81, 83
Donaghmore Co-operative Society 178
Doneraile, County Cork 22–23
Douglas, James G. 153
Dromahair Co-operative Society 64
Dromahair, County Leitrim 50, 64
Dromore, County Tyrone 79
Drumcliffe Co-operative Society 57, 104
Drumcollogher, County Limerick 2, 21, 23
Dublin 13, 20, 24, 28, 42, 54, 57, 65, 67, 73, 76–77, 83, 85–86, 91, 98–99, 107, 115, 122–123, 133, 145, 162, 168, 183, 187, 194, 209
Dublin Brewing Co-operative 209
Dublin Food Co-operative 209
Dublin Lockout 133
Duffy, Michael 172, 181
Dungloe, County Donegal 126
emigration 2, 7, 10, 14–15, 46, 51, 53, 56, 64, 78, 126, 165, 189, 203
Emly, County Tipperary 59
England 20, 22, 27, 29, 34, 42, 89, 100, 116, 126–127, 131, 168, 204
Enniscorthy Co-operative Society 129
Ervine, St John 131–132
Fant, James 107–108, 143, 149–150, 152–153, 175, 177
Farmers’ Party 170
Farrymount Co-operative Society 60
Fenit, County Kerry 53, 169
Fianna Fáil 190, 193
Figgis, Darrell 113, 116, 127–129
Finland 27, 48, 203
Finlay, Fr Thomas 16, 19, 22, 25, 27, 44, 48, 74, 82–84, 133, 168, 170, 176, 185–186, 194, 203
First World War 7, 9, 85, 92, 97–98, 100, 110–112, 123–124, 142, 152, 166, 171, 176, 179, 203, 205–207
Food Control Committee 115
Food Production Department 114
Forde, Sean 208
France 48, 104
Frenchpark, County Roscommon 59
Gaelic League 17, 18, 79, 90
Gallagher, Patrick ‘the Cope’ 126, 144
Gaskell, Major W.P. 76
Gebhard, Hannes 27
general purpose societies 139, 141–143, 154, 173
Germany 14, 20, 24, 98, 104, 109, 186
Gibson, Robert 21
Gide, Charles 30
Gill, T.P. 137, 166
Gladstone, William Ewart 16
Glasnevin 51
gombeen 34, 55, 57, 114, 126, 129
Gore-Booth, Josslyn 51, 57–60, 105
Government of Ireland Act (1920) 165
Gray, J.C. 22
Great Depression 179, 183
Greenwood, Sir Hamar 149
Gregan, Paul 146
Gregory, Lady Augusta 18
Griffith, Arthur 113, 122, 128, 130–131, 152, 167
Gwynn, Denis 170
Gwynn, Stephen 18, 92
Hanly, Joseph 191
Hannay, James Owen see George Birmingham
Hannon, P.J. 59, 65, 78
Harlich, Lord 58
Hegarty, Denis 176, 181
Herlihy, Nora 208
Hogan, Patrick 166–167, 170, 174, 177, 193
Home Rule 2, 17, 32, 36, 47, 73–74, 77, 79, 81, 83, 90–91, 99–100, 110, 122, 142, 202
Houlihan, John 67
House of Lords 139, 178
Hyde, Douglas 17
Inch, County Wexford 45
‘Industrial Home Rule’ 83
International Co-operative Alliance 30
International Exhibition, Glasgow (1901) 77
Irish Agricultural Organisation Society (IAOS) 2–5, 7–10, 14, 16–17, 19, 27–28, 41–43, 46–49, 53–57, 61, 63–65, 67, 73–77, 81–86, 97–118, 123–124, 126–127, 129–130, 136–137, 162–167, 191, 193–194, 202–209
and Agricultural Commission 170–171
attempts to standardise produce 180–183
and Civil War 168–170
and clergy 141–142
and co-operative credit 108–110, 184–190
and Development Commission 87–92
establishment of 13, 24–27
and general purpose societies 139–143
influence over other co-operative movements 27
and labour movement 133–136
legal troubles 138–139
organisation of 43–44
organisers 57–60
part of Irish Revival 18
relationship with Catholic Church 45–46
relationship with CWS 29–36
relationship with DATI 78–81, 88–92, 101–102, 115, 137
reorganisation post-independence 167, 173–179
and violence 147–148, 152–155
and women 49–50, 51–52
Irish Agricultural Wholesale Society 139
Irish Associated Creameries 181–183
Irish Beekeepers’ Association 57
Irish Civil War 9, 168–170, 187, 206
Irish Co-operative Organisation Society 208
Irish Creamery Managers’ Association 176, 180–181
Irish Free State 2, 9–10, 123, 152, 155, 162–168, 170, 177, 190–191, 193, 202–203, 205
Irish Homestead 25, 34, 41, 44, 48–49, 53, 61, 73, 79, 83–84, 88, 92, 106, 110, 114–117, 129, 134–135, 142, 168, 171
Irish Land Commission 132
Irish League of Credit Unions 208
Irish Parliamentary Party 16–17, 47, 75–76, 81–82, 88, 90, 92, 98, 122, 129
Irish Review 89–90
Irish Statesman 49, 168, 194
Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union 135
Irish White Cross 153
Johnson, Thomas 134–135, 172, 181
Johnston, Joseph 166–167, 170, 193
Jones, John 152–153
Kane, Robert 4
Kavanagh, Patrick 98–99, 116
Kennedy, Henry 169, 177, 182, 207
Kerry, County 10, 32–35, 51, 53, 60, 65–67, 80, 86, 105, 108, 135, 137–138, 142–143, 145–146, 151, 168–169, 177–178, 182, 187–188, 203, 207–208
Kerry Group 208
Kilflynn, County Kerry 59, 105, 151
Knocknagoshel, County Kerry 33–35
Labour Party (British) 146–147, 150
Labour Party (Irish) 134, 170, 172, 181
Lakelands Dairy Company 143, 177
Land League 16
Laois, County 178
Larkin, James 135
Leo XIII, Pope 45
Lett, Anita 52
Limerick, County 2, 20–21, 33, 51, 63, 80, 85, 137, 168, 203
Lismore, County Waterford 78–79
Lissadell, County Sligo 57
Listowel, County Kerry 34, 65, 135
Little, Patrick 127–128
Lixnaw Co-operative Society 63, 182
Lixnaw, County Kerry 86
Lloyd, Henry Demarest 42–43, 65
Lloyd George, David 88, 113, 145–146
Logue, Cardinal Michael 47
Lonsdale and Company 58, 60
Lyons, Debra 50–51
Lysaght, Edward 130
Lyster, John, Bishop of Achonry 58
MacEoin, Séamus 208
MacMorrough Kavanagh, Walter 44
Manorhamilton, County Leitrim 50
Marshall, Alfred 22
McCarthy, Charles 103
McDonnell, William, JP 90
McEllistrim, Jack 149
McEllistrim, Richard 138–139, 150
McEllistrim, Thomas 149
McInerney, J. 90
Micks, William 87–88
Ministry of Finance (Northern Ireland) 167
Ministry of Food 115–116
Monaghan, County 51, 98, 107
Monteagle, Lord 44
Moore, Arthur 44
Moore, George 49, 58–59
Mulvihill, Edmond 187
National Co-operative Festival, Crystal Palace (1901) 31, 78
National Land Bank 131–133
Newtownsandes Co-operative Society 67–68, 106, 169, 187
non-controversial co-operation 82, 90, 117
Norman, H.F. 84, 184–186
Northern Ireland 123, 152, 163, 165, 167
Nugent, Colonel Everard 44
O’Brien, Francis Cruise 104
O’Brien, George 166, 170–171, 193
O’Brien, Nicholas 147, 149, 151–152, 154, 169, 182–183, 186
O’Connell, John 63, 66–67
O’Donnell, Patrick, Bishop of Raphoe 46–47
O’Dwyer, Edward, Bishop of Limerick 46–47
O’Flanagan. Fr Michael 130, 141–142
O’Hara, Major Charles 58
O’Leary, John 105
O’Riordan, Monsignor Michael 47
Omagh, County Tyrone 53
Owen, Robert 19, 33
Palmer and Elliott (creamery proprietors) 66
Parmoor, Lord 139
Parnell, Charles Stewart 16–17
Paul-Dubois, Louis 42–43, 65
Pellervo Society (Finland) 27
Petherick, Captain C.H. 167
Pilkington, Ellice 52–53, 203
Plunkett, Horace 1–5, 7, 13–16, 27, 34, 42–43, 48–49, 52, 55, 57, 64, 82–83, 85, 88–89, 97, 100, 110, 117, 123, 127, 162–163, 166, 185, 189, 191, 194, 202–203
arson attack on home by IRA 168
conflict with CWS 29–32
and Co-operative Reference Library 103
death 194
establishment of the DATI 76–77
establishment of the IAOS 24–25
intellectual influences 19–23
Ireland in the New Century 46–48, 112
and the Irish Question 7
and the Irish Revival 17–18
leadership style 43–44, 54
on national character 18
publicity campaign 145–147
relations with Catholic Church 45–48
Vice-President of the DATI 74–75, 77–81, 84, 130
on wartime food supplies 100–102
Potter, Beatrice 22
poultry 41, 50, 55, 64, 137, 173
Quay Co-op 209
Raiffeisen co-operative banks 20, 109–110, 186
Ralahine 19
Rashad, Ibrahim 127
Rathmore Co-operative Society 142–143, 147, 149, 153–154, 169, 175, 177, 182, 186
Rattoo Co-operative Society 145, 169, 181–182
Recess Committee 47, 76–77
Redfern, Percy 21, 35
Redmond, John 44, 47, 76, 81
Redmond, Willie 44
Reynolds, Miss 52
Rhondda, Lord 115–116
Riddall, Charles 34–35, 65–68, 103, 105–107, 143, 145, 153, 181, 188
Roche, Alexis 23
Russell, George William 19, 73–74, 78, 83, 88–89, 98–99, 101, 123, 194, 203
on the Agricultural Commission 171
contributor to Irish Review 90
on the CWS 34
on a co-operative civilization 41
death 194
editor of Irish Homestead 25, 49
editor of Irish Statesman 168, 194
influence over international visitors 125–127
influence over Irish nationalism 113, 125, 127–128, 130
The National Being 62, 112
organiser 49, 58–59
publicity campaign on behalf of co-operative societies 145–146
relations between co-operative and labour movement 135
on role of women 52–53
and the Russian Revolution 134
and the Treaty 162
and the wartime state 110–117
Russell, Ruth 125–127
Russell, Thomas Wallace 81–83, 87–91, 117
Russia 24, 101
Russian Revolution 48, 134
Scotland 27, 126
Scottish Agricultural Organisation Society 27
Scully, Mr 82
Sexton, Thomas 44
Shaw, Alexander, JP 90
Shaw, Henry 58, 60
Sinn Féin 18, 92, 98, 113, 116, 122–125, 127–134, 141, 152, 165, 170, 204, 206–207
Slattery, J.M., and Sons 138–139, 150–151
Sligo, County 51, 57–58, 203
Sligo District Co-operative Society 57
Smith-Gordon, Lionel 100, 104, 131–132, 137
Stokes, William 21, 62
Swain, Andrew 63
Templecrone Co-operative Society 126–127, 144
Trades Union Congress 133
Tralee, County Kerry 20–21, 33, 45, 56, 63, 66, 135, 152, 169, 189
Tweddell, Thomas 32–33
Ulster Agricultural Organisation Society (UAOS) 163, 167
Ulster Unionists 122–123, 137
United Irishwomen (UI) 52–53
United States 27, 47–48, 84, 103, 131, 203
University College Dublin 44, 170
Vaughan, Patrick, JP 90
violence 9, 16, 65, 68, 97, 123–125, 143–147, 150, 152, 155, 169, 202, 205, 207
Walsh, William, Archbishop of Dublin 24, 45
Wibberley, Thomas 86, 102
Wisconsin 103
Wolff, Henry 20, 109
women,
and co-operative movement 49–53
and work 15, 49–50
Wyndham Land Act (1903) 81, 130
Yeats, William Butler 17, 49, 202
Youngs, Henry 29

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Civilising rural Ireland

The co-operative movement, development and the nation-state, 1889–1939

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