This chapter provides a summary and critique of current policy options used by the DSI in their attempt to transform war economies. Two general types of policy responses are discussed. First, targeted policies including eradication programmes, military responses, commodity certification schemes, resource governance programmes, sanctions, naming and shaming and alternative livelihoods schemes are defined, with examples of each policy provided. Next, more general policies are explored. These are generally implemented as part of a wider set of peacebuilding reforms but are also seen as contributing to war economy transformation. This set of reforms includes corporate social responsibility programming, security sector reform, customs reform and judicial reform at both domestic and international levels. A comparison of the limitations of all of these reform processes leads to a call for a more general approach which explores war economy transformation as a cohesive agenda, as opposed to a project by project approach.
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