In order to move away from a project assessment approach and towards a framework that helps analyse the war economy transformation agenda as a whole, this chapter offers a thorough exploration of the characteristics of the Development-Security Industry (DSI) who are responsible for the creation and implementation of transformation policies across the globe. It discusses the liberal ideological foundations and peacebuilding practices on which the DSI rests. It also considers the dominant and competing conceptual lenses used in terms of how the DSI approaches the problem of war economies, including the rational choice and structural political-economy approach. Finally, the operational features which result from these ideological and conceptual tendencies are discussed. These characteristics of the DSI are presented as a preliminary framework through which policies aimed at transforming war economies can be assessed in a holistic and structured manner.
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