This chapter explores the use of ‘rule of law’ reforms in attempts to transform war economies. Case study evidence from Kosovo shows that the criminality discourse often associated with war economies legitimises the use of strong control mechanisms by the DSI, particularly in the security and justice sectors. This is generally accompanied by a focus on stability over justice and a depoliticised approach to peacebuilding with fails to take into account and incorporate political context, providing evidence of the DSI adopting a rational-choice explanation for war economy participation. This chapter also reveals many operational problems of the DSI including the following of trends, mission creep and poor exit strategies. However, some interesting deviations by individual actors from the standard approach provide insight into how the dominant liberal blue print is also being contested.
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