in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000

This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book considers trials in the regular English criminal courts in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It also considers the contribution of criminal lawyers in developing the modern rules of evidence. The book explores the influence of scientific and pseudoscientific knowledge on Victorian insanity trials and trials for homosexual offences, respectively. It also explores examples of litigation in more unusual English tribunals, Parliament and courts-martial. The book shows how patriotism, deference, and the self-replicating culture of secrecy could result in the trial, conviction, and execution of British citizens in conditions of almost complete anonymity. It examines international trials for war crimes, what are sometimes referred to as breaches of international humanitarian law, and human rights violations.

Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000

The trial in history, volume II

Editor: R. A. Melikan


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