Fragmented structures in a complex system
in Fifteen into one?

Germany's political class is marked by a positive and constructive attitude towards European integration. The main objective of European policy was and still is to achieve effective and democratic European co-operation and integration. All governments and the vast majority of political parties contrive their general European policy agenda around the fundamental aim of far-reaching integration towards some kind of political union. A growing literature focusing on the efficiency of Germany's European policy-making has detected structural handicaps and 'failures' owing to the institutional design. The multi-level and multi-actor system clearly testifies a lack of long-term-based policy approaches and strategic policy planning, projection and policy-making. The broader involvement of the federal parliamentary chambers in European Community/European Union (EC/EU) decision-making reflects the fundamental patterns of the governmental level without 'parliamentarising' German EU politics in a way comparable to the Danish Folketing's approach.

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Fifteen into one?

The European Union and its member states


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