Victory over the parlements, 1671–1675
in Louis XIV and the parlements

This chapter discusses the victory over the parlements during 1671–1675. In March 1671, the king issued two new edicts for the contrôle des exploits and the consignation des amendes. These edicts led to months of resistance from the provincial parlements, which reflexively adopted their proven tactics of modification and delay. At another time, the government might have compromised with the judges; but the new relationship with the Vialet group meant that Colbert had to get the parlements to register fiscal laws unmodified and quickly. Moreover, the current royal budget showed a deficit for the first time in ten years, and Colbert needed the revenue from the two edicts to help close the gap between income and expenditure. The edict of 1671 for the contrôle des exploits updated the 1669 original by specifying all the types of writs, summonses and subpoenas that came under the contrôle, an effort to eliminate recent parlementary evasions.

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Louis XIV and the parlements

The assertion of royal authority

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