This chapter explores the relationship between sport and European Union (EU) competition law. Article 82 provides guidance as to the types of agreement that might be considered abusive. Collective selling in sport has only recently been addressed by the Commission of the European Communities. The significance of the Commission's approach lies in their willingness to acknowledge the specificity of sport. Ticketing arrangements for major sporting events arguably falls between the exploitation market and the contest market. EU law goes some way to protect the right of free movement for players in the EU. Despite the split that emerged between FIFA, UEFA and FIFPro, the Nice Declaration offered football's governing bodies an ideal opportunity to secure a favourable settlement with the Commission. The use of soft law poses some important questions for sports relationship with the EU. The soft law sporting principles contained with the separate territories approach are legally fragile.
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The defining characteristic of European Union (EU) sports policy is the construction of a discrete area of EU sports law. EU sports law extends beyond the mere application of law to sport, to the construction of a legal approach for dealing with sports disputes which allows both the EU's regulatory and political policy objectives for sport to co-exist within the EU sports policy framework. The emergence of a coordinated EU sports policy held together by a discrete area of sports law is a new development in the EU. The sports policy subsystem is composed of two advocacy coalitions: Single Market coalition and socio-cultural coalition. The construction of the separate territories approach for dealing with legal disputes involving sport is the defining characteristic of coordinated sports policy. The future debate on the relationship between sport and the EU will be dominated by the issues of sports law and doping.