Index
in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security

Index

Abiew, Francis 24
Afghanistan intervention (2001) 1715 passim
AFOR see Albania Force
Agenda for Peace 67
Ahtisaari, Martti 102, 103
Albania
historic ties with Kosovo 5
NATO policy towards 523, 54
Albania Force (AFOR) 534
Albright, Madeleine 12, 136, 157
Alexander, Sir Michael 60
Anderson, Benedict 75
Annan, Kofi 12, 95
Aspin, Les 51
Atlantic Charter (1941) 144, 145
Atlantic civic community 1578
see also civic community concept
‘Atlantic Community’ 14652
passim, 165, 166
Atlantic security community 152–7 passim
Baranovsky, Vladimir 99
Blair, Tony 16, 108
ethics of intervention 256, 27
European Security and Defence Policy 1278, 129, 1323
military decision making 467
Booth, Ken 123
Bosnia
ethnic cleansing in 82
excluded from Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council 165
NATO intervention 567, 689, 15961
post-conflict democracy 823, 179
see also Dayton agreement; Operation Deliberate Force; Stabilisation Force; United Nations Protection Force
Boutros-Ghali, Boutros 67
Brenner, Michael 152, 157, 158
Britain see United Kingdom
Brussels summit (1994) 125
Brussels Treaty (1948) 122, 130, 134
Brzezinski, Zbigniew 104
Bull, Hedley 19, 21, 23
Bunck, J. 21
CFSP see Common Foreign and Security Policy
Chamberlain, Neville 3
Chernomyrdin, Viktor 99100, 1012, 103
Chesterman, Simon 29
China 14, 29, 95
Chinese embassy, bombing of 8
Chirac, Jacques 16, 124, 129, 130, 134, 137
Christopher, Warren 57
Churchill, Winston 144
civic community concept 152
see also Atlantic civic community
civic nationalism see under nationalism
CJTF see ‘Combined Joint Task Forces’
Claes, Willy 161
Clark, General Wesley 48, 54
on NATO’s credibility 60
on nature of the Kosovo conflict 1617
Pristina airport controversy 46, 104
Clausewitz, Carl von 17, 18
Cleveland, Harold van B. 145, 152
Clinton, Bill 1516, 101
‘Clinton Doctrine’ 1612
Cohen, Eliot 47
Cohen, William 412
Cold War 14552
‘Combined Joint Task Forces’ (CJTF) 125, 126
Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) 131, 132
complex interdependence concept 155
Connaughton, Richard 47
Contact Group 926
passim, 101
Cook, Robin 26, 27, 59, 128
Cornish, Paul 50, 126
Cronin, Bruce 171
Czech Republic 42
Daalder, Ivo 114, 120, 180
Dannreuther, Roland 3
Dassù, Marta 174
David, Charles-Philippe 68, 69
Dayton agreement 7, 12, 57, 59, 6970, 71, 83, 84
de Wilde, Jaap 155
democracy
in post-conflict Bosnia 823
theoretical approaches to 77–82 passim
Deutsch, Karl 165
see also Political Community and the North Atlantic Area
Dulles, John Foster 148
EAA see Euro-Atlantic Area
EAPC see Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EC see European Community
EDC see European Defence Community
EEC see European Economic Community
Eekelen, Willem van 125
ESDI see European Security and Defence Identity
ESDP see European Security and Defence Policy
ethnicity 75, 856
see also Bosnia; Kosovo
Euro-Atlantic Area (EAA) 1645, 166, 173
Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) 1645
Eurocorps 1367
European Community (EC) 122
European Defence Community (EDC) 121, 127, 147, 153
European Economic Community (EEC) 121, 151
European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI) 126, 134
European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) 120, 127, 133, 1378, 174, 175, 180
European Union 102, 128-34
passim, 138, 1745, 176, 178
see also Common Foreign and Security Policy; European Security and Defence Policy; Stability Pact
Extraction Force (XFOR) 54, 55, 135, 136
Fabius, Laurent 126
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) 74, 165
Fixdal, Mona 27
Fowler, M. 21
France 42, 45, 135, 175
cultivation by Russia 99
European integration 120, 121
European Security and Defence Policy 127, 129, 133–7 passim
military capability 154
NATO decision making 47, 49
Operation Allied Force 136
Western European Union 122, 125, 126
Freedman, Lawrence 58, 114
Freeman, C. 23
Frost, Mervyn 28
G8 see Group of Eight
Gaddis, John Lewis 1545
Garnett, John 18
Geneva summit (1955) 147
Germany (FRG) 52, 135, 149
cultivation by Russia 99
and European integration 120, 156
military capability 154
‘peace plan’ (April 1999) 100
and Western European Union 122
Gordon, Philip 126
Goulden, Sir John 43
Greece 42, 154, 157, 166
Group of Eight (G8) 1001, 103
Guicherd, Catherine 94
Guthrie, General Sir Charles 45
Hallstein, Walter 121
Hatfield, Richard 130
Havel, Vaclav 163
Hehir, J. Bryan 27
Hoffmann, Stanley 22
Holbrooke, Richard 157
agreement with Milosevic (1998) 7, 1112
Contact Group 95
Dayton agreement 70
‘Holbrooke effect’ 132
Holmes, John 152, 156
Hombach, Bodo 73
House of Commons
Defence Committee 423, 49, 131
Foreign Affairs Committee 59, 178
humanitarian intervention 1416, 19, 249, 32, 1701
see also intervention
Hungary 42
Hurd, Douglas 1223
ICG see International Crisis Group
IFOR see Implementation Force (Bosnia)
Ignatieff, Michael 17
Implementation Force (Bosnia) (IFOR) 57, 67, 161
Independent Commission on Kosovo 95, 179
‘instrumentalist’ school see under nationalism
International Crisis Group (ICG) 82
intervention, concept of 19, 213
non-intervention doctrine 1920
see also humanitarian intervention
Italy 123, 124, 135
Ivanov, Igor 95, 106, 107
Jackson, Lieutenant General Sir Michael 8, 85
Pristina airport controversy 456
James, Alan 20
Joffe, Josef 156
Judah, Tim 49, 95, 180
‘just war’ theory 27, 28
KFOR see Kosovo Force
KLA see Kosovo Liberation Army
Kennedy, John F. 151
Keohane, Robert 155
Kinkel, Klaus 95
Köchler, Hans 78
Kosovar Albanians
attitudes to statehood 84
expulsions in 1998 7
Rambouillet negotiations 8
Kosovo
ethnic composition 46
historical background 34
post-conflict ethnic tensions 834
post-conflict status 6772
passim, 84
see also Kosovo Force; Operation Allied Force
Kosovo (battle, 1389) 4
Kosovo Force (KFOR) 45, 556, 67, 689, 104, 105, 106, 136
Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA/UCK) 6, 68, 101, 103
Kosovo Verification Mission (KVM) 7, 8, 54
Kratochwil, Friedrich 29
Krauthammer, Charles 17
Kuykendall, Steven 47
Lange, Halvard 148
Lavrov, Sergei 97
Layne, Christopher 152, 157
League of Nations 143
League of Prizren 5
Leurdijk, Dick 31
Levitin, Oleg 95
limited war, concept of 1718
Link, General Charles 48
Linz, J. 77
Little, Richard 19
Littman, Mark 29
Lynch, Dov 103
Maastricht Treaty (1991) 128, 130
McCain, John 59
Macedonia
European Union in 175
NATO policy towards 53, 54, 556, 1756
peace-building in 67, 86
Martino, Gaetano 148
Milosevic, Slobodan 93, 109
agreement with Holbrooke (1998) 7
decision to comply with NATO demands 8
fostering of Serb nationalism 6
Mitterrand, François 124
Morgenthau, Hans 22
Murphy, Sean 24
Myers, General Richard 58
NAC see North Atlantic Council
nationalism, theories of
civic 7780, 81
‘instrumentalist’ 756
‘primordial’ 756
NATO see North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NATO-Russia Council (NRC) 111, 112, 113, 178
Naumann, General Klaus 40, 43
‘Non Offensive Defence’ (NOD) 153
normative theory 66, 69, 74
North Atlantic Council (NAC) 12, 41, 43, 56, 124, 136, 148
see also Statement on Kosovo
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)
in the Cold War 145–52 passim
command and planning structures 3948
passim, 60, 172
credibility of 5660
decision to use force 1112, 27, 29, 32, 59
‘enlargement by stealth’ 50, 61
European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI) 126, 134
European Union 132
French role in 1334, 135, 137
ground forces debates 8, 161
humanitarian intervention 1215, 170
legality of intervention 29
in Macedonia 1756
military integration 153
Partnership for Peace (PfP) 39, 513
peace-building 679, 83, 85
post-Cold War external adaptation 39
post-Cold War internal adaptation 39
‘red card’ concept 44, 45, 153
relations with Russia after air campaign 10315, 1778
relations with Russia during air campaign 97103
relations with Russia during crisis phase 927
Strategic Concept 30, 31
and South East Europe 176, 1789
and United Nations 159
and Western European Union 122, 1245, 126, 128, 129, 130
see also Operation Allied Force; Operation Deliberate Force; Washington Treaty
NRC see NATO-Russia Council
Nye, Joseph 155, 162
O’Hanlon, Michael 114, 120, 180
Operation Alba 52
Operation Allied Force
allied cohesion during 109
command and planning issues 41, 448
passim, 172
contributions to 136
launch of 8, 12, 59, 97
legality of 29
NATO decision to intervene 1635
Russian reactions to 97103, 177
targeting strategy 45, 47
as a war 1619
see also North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
Operation Allied Harbour 53
Operation Amber Fox 56
Operation Deliberate Force 41, 57, 161
Operation Essential Harvest 56
Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) 7, 73
see also Kosovo Verification Mission
OSCE see Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Osgood, Robert 17, 18
Otte, Thomas 21, 22
Paris summit (1957) 149
Pearson, Lester 1478
Permanent Joint Council (NATO-Russia) (PJC) 106, 107, 108, 111, 112, 113
Perry, William 57
PJC see Permanent Joint Council
Political Community and the North Atlantic Area (Deutsch et al.) 149
Pörtschach summit (1998) 128, 133
Primakov, Yevgeny 99, 104
‘primordialism’ see under nationalism
Pristina airport incident 46, 104
Putin, Vladimir 1067, 108, 111
Qin Huasun 14
Quiles, Paul 126
Quints group 42, 43, 45, 47
Rambouillet Conference 78, 71, 96
Ramsbotham, Oliver 24
refugees 534
Richard, Alain 135
Richards, Jeff 79, 80
Richmond, Oliver 66
Rio Group 14
Risse-Kappen, Thomas 1578
RNAC see Russia-North Atlantic Council
Roberts, Sir Adam 17, 32
Robertson, George (Baron) 55, 56, 107, 1089, 113, 128, 130
Robin, Gabriel 126
Roosevelt, Franklin 144
Ruggie, John 126
Russia 8
opposition to use of force 14, 29
Pristina airport controversy 46, 104
relations with NATO after air campaign 10315, 1778
relations with NATO during air campaign 97103
relations with NATO during crisis phase 927
relations with United States 11314
Russia-North Atlantic Council (RNAC) 109, 110, 111
Rwanda 125, 130
Saint Malo summit (1998) 129, 133, 134, 136
Schöpflin, George 79, 80, 81
Schröder, Gerhard 16
‘security community’ concept 149, 152
September 11 terrorist attacks 107, 108, 110, 114, 171, 172
Serbia/Serbs
historic control of Kosovo 4
in post-conflict Kosovo 834
SFOR see Stabilisation Force (Bosnia)
Short, Lieutenant General Michael 41, 47, 48
Simma, Bruno 12
Single European Act (1987) 123
Smith, Anthony 75, 767, 79
Smith, Dan 27
Solana, Javier 13, 14, 43, 54, 135, 164
South East Europe 176, 1789, 180
sovereignty, concept of 201
Stabilisation Force (Bosnia) (SFOR) 67, 68, 97, 104
Stability Pact (1999) 724, 80, 81
Statement on Kosovo (North Atlantic Council) 523, 54, 58
Steel, Ronald 162
Stepan, A. 77
Suez crisis 1489
Szonyi, Istvan 51
Talbott, Strobe 1012, 103
‘Task Force Harvest’ 176
TEU see Treaty on European Union
Thomas, James 47
Treaty of Amsterdam (1997) 127
Treaty of Rome (1957) 121
Treaty on European Union (TEU) 1234, 127
Turkey 154, 156, 166
UCK see Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) 68
UNHCR see United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
United Kingdom/Britain 42, 45, 52, 135, 175
European Security and Defence Policy 12733
military capability 154
Western European Union 1223
United Nations
non-intervention principle 2930
United Nations Charter 171
Article 2 20
Article 39 30
Article 53 14
Article 99 13
Chapter VII 29, 94, 132
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 70
United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) 68
United Nations Protection Force 160
United Nations Security Council (UNSC) 92
Resolution 1160 13, 934
Resolution 1199 7, 12, 94
Resolution 1244 8, 702, 84, 1789
United States 42, 45, 52
commitment to KFOR 58
European security during the Cold War 14751
intervention in Bosnia 567, 1601
military capability 154
origins of transatlantic relationship 1435
parallel NATO command structure 468
post-Cold War European security 1568, 162, 173
relations with Russia 11314
and Western European Union 126
UNMIK see United Nations Mission in Kosovo
UNPROFOR see United Nations Protection Force
Valásek, Tomás 12
Vershbow, Alexander 132, 163
‘virtual war’ 17
Walt, Stephen 152
war, concept of 17
see also limited war
Warner, John 46
Washington summit (1999) 30, 31, 54
Washington Treaty (1949) 122, 145, 146, 164
Article 5 50, 163, 165
Weller, Marc 96
Western European Union (WEU) 1218
passim, 130, 160
Westphalian state system 20
WEU see Western European Union
Wheeler, Nicholas 32, 123
Wilde, Jaap de see de Wilde, Jaap
Wilson, Woodrow 143
Woodward, Susan 85
Wörner, Manfred 40
XFOR see Extraction Force
Yeltsin, Boris 14, 98, 99, 101, 104
Yesson, Erik 102
Zandee, Dick 31

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