Index
in The Third Way and beyond

Index

abortion 130, 131
Aristotle 91, 92
autonomy 109, 110, 114, 120, 130, 132, 136, 157
balance with community 129
excessive 131
impact of market competition on 120
Bane, M. J. 38
Beckham, D. 117
Bellah, R. 89
de Beus, J. 17, 18, 20
Beveridge, W. 162
Blair, T. 3, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 31, 34, 75, 85, 87, 90, 92, 93, 97, 101, 108, 111, 112, 114, 117, 118, 140, 165, 168, 181
Christianity 89, 97
citizenship 92, 93, 170, 172, 173
duty 172
equality 177
ideology 1534, 170
modernisation 170, 177
relationship to Giddens 154, 165, 169, 170, 181
rights and responsibilities 172, 173
stakeholding 167
Third Way pamphlet 168, 169, 174
Blunkett, D. 112, 117
Bobbio, N. 158
Boyle, S. 71
Brazil 3
British Social Attitudes Survey 178
Brown, G. 32, 34, 35, 55, 89, 99, 111, 112, 11418, 165, 169, 175
Bush, G. 3, 4, 15
Callinicos, A. 9
capitalism 135, 139, 141
consumer capitalism 90
inherent contradictions within capitalism 137
Child Support Agency 138
Child Tax Allowance 118
choice 113, 114
Christian Socialism 96
Christianity 101, 130
citizenship 924, 149, 16781, 189
‘citizen ethic’ 92, 93
function in Third Way, 1768, 189
future prospects 17880
New Labour’s discourse of 1703
relationship to Third Way 1735
civic associations 110
civic virtue 111, 112
civil society 112, 133
Clause Four 113, 120, 1723
Clift, B. 9, 17, 20
Clinton, B. 9, 10, 31, 34, 37, 38, 42, 118, 163
Clinton, H. 168
coercion 130, 131, 135
Collins, P. 89
Commission on Social Justice 11
‘common good’ 102
communism 99
Communitarian Movement 129
communitarianism 5, 6, 7, 85, 89, 101, 108, 113, 117, 120, 128, 136, 177, 188, 195
nineteenth-century version 129
political communitarianism 85, 89, 99
as a political philosophy 85, 879, 96, 102
prescriptive communitarianism 109, 110, 118, 120, 140
progressive communitarianism 111, 120, 140
responsive communitarianism 195
community 12, 13, 29, 85, 86, 90, 91, 93, 97, 98, 1002, 108, 114, 121, 128, 129, 133, 137, 139, 161, 170, 175, 188, 195, 196
active community 101
Americanised version of community in Etzioni 129, 132, 134, 138, 190
Giddens’s conception of 161
inclusive communities 109, 110, 115
individual and community 195
New Labour’s conception(s) of community 93, 94, 97, 99, 108, 109, 11214, 175
political community 92, 94
politics of community 108, 111, 117
responsibilities/duties to the community 114, 130
and society 98100
strong community 87, 113, 115, 171, 180
conservatism 120, 134
laissez-faire 132, 152, 189
social 135
Conservative Party 3, 4, 95, 111, 113, 138, 168, 176, 187, 192
contractualism 100
Coote, A. 76
crime 120, 130, 156
Crosby, P. 54
Cuperus, R. 11
Darling, A. 112, 116
Deacon, A. 34, 128
democracy 11, 18
Democrats, US 3, 4, 7, 9, 10, 3147, 163,
Denmark 15
dependency culture 109, 116, 131, 139
detraditionalisation 501, 196
developing countries 12, 1645
dialogue, absence of in welfare reform 118
discourse 7, 1213, 14
analysis and New Labour/Third Way 149, 167, 170
of citizenship in new Labour 1703, 189
consumption of and prospects for 17880
diversity 92, 115
divorce 118, 130, 131
Driver, S. 13, 89, 96, 99, 118, 128, 139, 140
duty 97, 100, 108, 111, 112, 114, 117, 119, 121, 134, 173
to family 129
of the individual to the community 114, 129
to work 109, 110, 112, 116, 119, 121, 162, 171, 173
see also rights and duties
economic growth 116
Edmonds, J. 66
education 11, 20, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 115, 134, 139, 140
moral education 133
schools policy
efficiency 3, 5, 11, 13, 16, 17, 18
and social justice 149, 169, 174, 177, 180
egalitarianism 5, 6, 7, 11, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 36, 37, 39, 43, 87, 90, 113, 116
Elias, N. 137
Ellwood, D. 37
emancipation
individual emancipation
redefinitions of 1579
employment/work 5, 11, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 3147,
flexibility 94, 141, 164
empowerment 111
Enlightenment, the 91
equality 5, 6, 7, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 29, 30, 322, 40, 41, 4863, 86, 102, 108, 162, 169, 174, 177
of opportunity 5, 11, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 29, 31, 39, 59, 119, 169
equal worth 174, 177
ethical socialism 112, 113
ethnic minorities 130, 132
Etzioni, A. 5, 7, 8, 10, 22, 59, 859, 101, 10911, 113, 114, 120, 121, 12841, 1778
origins in functionalist sociology 128, 129, 190
Fairclough, N. 13, 167, 170, 194
family 11, 110, 117, 128, 1313, 137, 139
as foundation of strong communities 109, 113, 115
policy 110, 118
structure 130
Supporting Families consultation document 139
traditional family 115, 118, 134, 138
Ferrera, M. 11
Field, F. 112, 117
France 3, 9, 10, 15, 17, 20
Frazer, E. 97
freedom 13, 102, 129
individual freedom 134, 136
market freedom 129
Fukuyama, F. 113
full employment 116
functionalist sociology 86, 135, 137
Galston, W. 109, 118
Germany 3, 9, 10, 15, 17
Giddens, A. 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 17, 30, 4863, 85, 87, 89, 149, 15181, 187
critique of Marx/socialism 154, 155
‘dialogic democracy’ 197
emancipatory politics 153, 1589
globalisation 197
‘life politics’ and ‘generative politics’ 1589, 1978
‘philosophic conservatism’ 169
relationship to Blair/New Labour 154, 165, 168, 169, 170, 181
as subverter of social democracy 15181
globalisation 4, 12, 30, 32, 4950, 94, 197
Glyn, A. 40
Gould, A. 9, 18
Gray, J. 95, 116
Green, T. H. 89
Guardian newspaper 168
Hall, P. 74
Ham, C. 76
Harman, H. 116
Harrison, A. 71
Hattersley, R. 87
Hay, C. 192
health 14, 20, 30
Held, D. 197
Hemerijck, A.17
Heron, E. 128
‘high-skilled immiseration’ 140
Hobhouse, L. 89
Hoggart, S. 87
Hombach, B. 17, 18, 19, 20
human good 913
Hutton, W. 76, 113, 168, 190, 192
IMF (International Monetary Fund) 152, 164, 165
individualism 7, 13, 90, 99, 100, 109, 113, 115, 119, 130, 1578, 196
liberal individualism 90, 92, 121
market individualism 115
more progressive version of 196, 199
as selfishness 1578, 199
inequality 11517, 11921
Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) 169
interdependence 98, 99
interest groups, restraint of 133
Italy 3, 9, 10
Jones, V. 87
Jospin, L. 12, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20
Jung, C. 97
Juran, J. 52
justice 90
Kant, I. 97
Kay, J. 113
Keynesianism 155, 191
Kierkegaarde, S. 97
King, D 34
Kok, W. 1718
Laclau, E. 167
Lafontaine, O. 15, 18
LeGrand, J. 13, 76
Levitas, R. 33, 128
Levy, J. 20
Liddle, R. 109
liberalism 88, 91, 94, 99, 157
post-enlightenment liberal tradition 91
procedural liberalism 109
welfare liberalism 132
Lindgren, A.-M.18
Lister, R. 13, 33
London School of Economics 168
MacIntyre, A. 8893, 109, 196
Macmurray, J. 5, 7, 8, 85, 88, 96102, 109
McWalter, T. 87, 102
Mandelson, P. 109, 116
managerial literature 535, 59, 196
market economy 12, 15, 16, 19, 32, 75, 76, 113, 120, 121, 133, 161, 163
third way as facilitator for 1635
Marquand, D. 77, 192
Marshall, T. H. 172
Martell, L. 13, 89, 96, 99, 118, 128, 139, 140
Marx, K. 59, 154, 155, 158
Maslow, A. H. 30, 48, 50
Mead, L. 37, 41, 42
Merkel, W. 9, 10, 15, 578, 196
meritocracy 90, 111, 114, 115, 117
Milburn, A. 76, 77
Miller, D. 40
Milne, S. 109
minimum wage 94
modernisation 92, 170, 177
as external imperative
modernity 4853, 93, 129
moral education 133
moral philosophy 96
moral regeneration 132
‘moral suasion’ 110, 130, 131
morality 93
Macmurray’s three kinds 101
Morris, Sir P. 73
Morrison, H. 10
Mouffe, C. 167
Mulgan, G. 89, 178
Murray, C. 41, 42, 50, 57
National Childcare Strategy 138
National Health Service 14, 30, 6477, 95, 188
neo-liberalism 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 20, 31, 35, 41, 51, 95, 109, 150, 152, 165, 171, 187, 188, 189, 193
Netherlands 10, 15, 1718, 201
‘Neue Mitte’ 3, 10, 15
assessment of 1903
as capitalist expansion 1501, 152, 165, 187, 188, 189
neo-Marxist critics of Third Way 18790
social democratic/Third Way justifications of 154, 165, 187, 189, 192
New Deal 100, 118, 139, 140, 152, 167
for communities 138
for the unemployed 138, 172, 175, 17880, 189
New Labour 11, 15, 19, 29, 30, 3147, 6477, 859, 94, 96, 101, 102, 109, 113, 117, 118, 121, 128, 129, 138, 139, 140, 149, 150, 152, 154, 165, 16781, 1878, 194
political philosophy/ideology of 88, 108, 111
New Right 4, 5, 7, 11, 15, 22, 30, 34, 160, 162, 167, 176
Observer newspaper 188
‘Old’ Labour/Old left 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 11, 13, 15, 22, 34, 113, 128, 149, 154, 167, 176, 187, 191, 195
‘one nation’ 92
Oppenheim, C. 33, 40
opportunity 115, 139, 140, 172
O’Reilly, C. 54
organisational theory 128, 154, 137, 196
organisational efficiency 136
and social structures 135
Peck, J. 356, 38, 40
‘personal life’ 98
Phillips, M. 89, 109
Pierson, C. 9
Plant, R. 41
Pollock, A. 68
pornography 132
poverty 11, 13, 14, 59, 108, 11517, 119, 120, 139
power 115, 136
inequalities of power 120, 137, 150, 190, 191, 195, 197, 198, 199
pragmatism 4, 5, 6, 14, 15, 20, 29, 30, 6477, 112, 139, 168,
Pretis, D. 66
Prideaux, S. 128
prisons 96
Private Finance Initiative (PFI) 29, 30, 6477, 95, 188
private sector 5, 19, 29, 30, 96, 161, 194
see also Private Finance Initiative; Public/Private Partnership
privatisation 96, 171
Przeworski, A. 9
Public/Private Partnership (PPP) 95
public services 164
investment in 120, 188
Putman, R. 113
Rawls, J. 88, 90, 94, 109
Raz, J. 89
Reagan, R. 152
redistribution 94, 117, 120, 121, 161, 167, 188, 195
reflexivity 501
Reich, R. 9
religion 130
Renewal 170
Rentoul, J. 96, 99
responsibility 13, 15, 18, 100, 108, 109, 11114, 116, 117, 129, 138, 139
of the affluent 120, 174, 195
of the community 115, 120
New Labour’s conception of responsibility 101, 141
see also rights, and responsibilities
rights 7, 16, 109, 113, 117, 119, 12830
conditional on performance of duties 119
and duties 85, 100, 112, 172
and responsibilities 11, 15, 19, 35, 89, 100, 109, 11214, 116, 118, 128, 159, 169, 171, 1723, 189, 195
within the family 110
risk 15960, 162
Sandel, M. 88, 89, 90, 109
Scandinavia 9, 10
Schröder, G. 3, 6, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 163, 177
Scotland 134
security 15960
Selwyn Gummer, J. 160
Selznick, P. 89, 110, 111, 120
Simon, H. A. 71
single parents 93, 121, 138
social capital 113
social change
alternative readings of 150, 187, 1968
role in Third Way theory 153, 186, 1934
social democracy 4, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 18, 29, 30, 31, 33, 41, 43, 151, 1556, 178, 188, 1901, 193
assessment of 1913
caricatures of 1556
social democratic critics of Third Way 18890
social exclusion 108, 116, 117, 119, 139, 140, 169
impact on wider society 116
Social Exclusion Unit 87, 120, 169
social inclusion 5, 13, 19, 31, 32, 33, 108, 116, 162, 169
social justice 2, 3, 5, 11, 12, 13, 15, 18, 32, 33, 39, 114, 153, 181
see also efficiency
socialism 102, 108, 113, 115, 121, 176, 178, 181, 191
caricatures of 152, 1545, 158
society 98
British/UK society 92, 95
‘good’ society 110, 112
imbalance in 133
individual’s relationship to 102
norms of 132, 133, 137
pluralism of modern society 114
social cohesion 112, 117, 131, 137, 139, 141
social order 117, 130, 132, 137
see also community, and society
solidarity 1578
Sopel, J. 97
Soviet Union 154, 155
Spain 3
SPD 3, 4, 15, 18, 20
Spectator magazine 172
stakeholder society 113, 114, 190
stakeholding 149, 1678
state 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 19, 30 113, 115, 116, 119, 121, 132, 152, 153, 156, 161, 163, 187, 189, 195
as enabler 12, 112, 121
role of the state in shaping moral culture 111, 119
Sure Start 138
male mentoring scheme in 138
Sweden 4, 15, 18, 21, 22
Swift, A. 102
Tam, H. 10911, 120
Tawney, R. H. 89
taxation 11, 16, 19, 20, 21, 32, 33, 42, 117, 118, 188
payment as civic virtue 111
progressive taxation 111, 119
Taylor, C. 88, 89, 93, 109
Taylor, M. 169
Taylorism 556, 190
Teles, S. 42
Thatcherism 99, 128
relationship to Third Way 178
Theodore, N. 36, 38, 40
Third Way 859, 96, 102, 108, 120, 128, 137, 14950, 152, 153, 167, 176, 18699
Thomson, P. 97
tolerance 114
tradition 913, 95, 99, 129
traditions of the Labour Party 111, 112, 115, 116, 118, 121, 191
underclass 13941
unemployment 100, 115, 120, 121, 133, 139, 140
UK/Britain 3, 4, 9, 15, 19, 29, 3147, 85, 92
USA 3, 4, 9, 10, 29, 3147, 129, 130, 131, 137
1950s USA in Etzioni 129, 132, 134, 139
racial tensions in 131, 134
values 113, 114, 11618, 129, 132, 134, 180
and attitudes 92
betrayal of 15663 165, 192
Labour Party values 112, 121
social democratic values 151, 188, 191, 192
Vandenbroucke, F. 11
voluntary work 101, 139
Wales 134
Walzer, M. 88, 89, 946, 109
Weaver, K. 42
welfare reform 112, 116
absence of consultation 118
Giddens’s account of 1623
Green Paper 118
welfare state 100, 112, 120, 138, 162
welfare-to-work 5, 11, 19, 21, 29, 30, 3147, 86, 116, 119, 121, 138
White, S. 11, 13
Wickham-Jones, M. 34
women 130, 132, 138
Wood, S. 40
work 11618, 131, 133, 138, 139
see also duty to work
work ethic 109, 110, 114
Working Families Tax Credit 94, 119, 138
World Bank 152, 164, 165

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The Third Way and beyond

Criticisms, futures, alternatives

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