Awakening women
Pacifist feminism in the IAPA
in ‘The truest form of patriotism’

The International Arbitration and Peace Association (IAPA) had a women's auxiliary almost from the date it was founded, as between 1881 and 1882 a number of women in the Peace Society's Auxiliary attempted to formally attach their organisation to the IAPA. The Auxiliary split, with one organisation,the Women's Peace and Arbitration Auxiliary (WPAA), attaching itself to the IAPA, the other reconstituting itself and remaining with the Peace Society. The social purity politics and Evangelicalism of the WPAA did not appeal to other women members of the IAPA, however, and a second female auxiliary was founded in 1887, entitled the Women's Committee. This chapter considers why such an inclusive organisation as the IAPA had two separate female auxiliaries, and examines the politics of each. It is possible that the WPAA offered the most obvious common ground between the Peace Society and the IAPA, blending as it did the moral and religious concerns of the older organisation and the radicalism of the new. The meeting saw widespread co-operation between members of different peace societies, despite the fact that the main concern of the Moral Reform Union was the promotion of social purity.

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‘The truest form of patriotism’

Pacifist feminism in Britain, 1870–1902

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