List of figures
in Bog bodies

Figures

Preface figure: Ashton Moss by Jean Cowperthwaite, c.1950 (author’s own image) page xii
2.1 The hand of Amcotts Woman from the ‘Prints and Drawings Collected Before 1750’ of the Society of Antiquaries, linked to Minute Book entry October 1747: 33–4 (author’s own image, by kind permission of the Society of Antiquaries of London) 27
2.2 Affidavit written by Rev. Thomas Wormald, Vicar of Hope, relating to the Hope couple (© Thomas Wormald, Orphan Works Licence no. OWLS000207, courtesy of the Church of England and Derbyshire Record Office: D1828/A/PI/449, 1 May 1758) 31
2.3 The Ashton skull, no. 658 (author’s own image, courtesy of the Duckworth Laboratory, University of Cambridge) 33
2.4 Front cover of Ye Leg End of Ye Prehistoric Manne, 1867 (courtesy of the John Rylands Library, University of Manchester) 39
2.5 Innocent Landscapes sequence entitled ‘Oristown’ (graffiti), David Farrell, 2000 (© David Farrell, 2000) 50
3.1 Tolland Man, shortly after discovery (© National Museum of Denmark) 61
3.2 Lindow Man on display (© The Trustees of the British Museum) 66
4.1a The formation of a raised bog (© Rowan May, ArcHeritage) 75
4.1b 1884 section through Lindow Moss bog (by J. C. Prestwich, from Norbury 1885, front plate, courtesy of the John Rylands Library, University of Manchester) 76
4.2 Wyatt Moss 1571, showing the small ‘platts’ (‘bridges’) and to the east, the deep pits known as the ‘hell holes’ (© National Archives, ref. MPC1/63) 81
4.3 The Corlea trackway, excavated by Professor Barry Raftery, University College Dublin (© Barry Raftery Archive, University College Dublin) 83
4.4 ‘Boggart House’ on the edge of Ashton Moss, showing Little Moss to the north – the ‘far-end-of-th’-world’ (reproduced under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC-BY-NC-SA) licence with the permission of the National Library of Scotland) 94
4.5 Excerpt from letter from Vincent van Gogh to Theo van Gogh with sketch of Women Working on the Peat Moor, Nieuw Amsterdam, c.7 October 1883, pencil, pen and ink on paper b0354V1962r, Vincent van Gogh (© Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, Vincent van Gogh Foundation) 102
4.6 Peat spades and hand-formed turves from Nr. Smedeby, Southern Jutland, Denmark (© Moesgaard Museum, Rógvi N. Johansen) 103
4.7 Polytrichum commune from A Collection of Specimens of British Mosses and Hepaticae Collected in the Vicinity of Manchester, vol. I (© John Rylands Library, University of Manchester) 109
4.8a The Vindolanda ‘cap’, made from Polytrichum commune, from Vindolanda Roman fort (© Vindolanda Trust) 110
4.8b The Vindolanda helmet ‘crest’, made from Polytrichum commune, from Vindolanda Roman fort (© Vindolanda Trust) 111
4.9 The ‘swaddledidaff’ – a haematite nodule with quartz crystals, found on Lindow Moss (© Mark Edmonds, courtesy of Alan Garner) 117
5.1a The Toberdaly Iron Age yoke (01E0663:3) in situ (© Irish Archaeological Wetland Unit archive) 121
5.1b The Toberdaly Iron Age yoke (01E0663:3) once excavated (© Irish Archaeological Wetland Unit archive) 122
5.2 The Gundestrup cauldron (© National Museum of Denmark) 128
5.3a The Ipweger Moor wax ‘cake’ (© Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege, courtesy of Erhard Cosack) 130
5.3b Reconstruction of the Ipweger Moor wax ‘cake’ used as a chariot-axle lubricant (© Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege, courtesy of Erhard Cosack) 131
5.4 The Rosberry keg and bog butter, dating to 360–200 BC (image reproduced with kind permission of the National Museum of Ireland, © National Museum of Ireland) 132
5.5 The Stirling hoard (© National Museums Scotland) 136
5.6 Human braids from Sterbygård dating to the Iron Age (© National Museum of Denmark) 138
5.7 The Orkney hood (© National Museums Scotland) 140
5.8 The shoe of Amcotts Woman from the ‘Prints and Drawings Collected Before 1750’ of the Society of Antiquaries, linked to Minute Book entry October 1747: 33–4 (author’s own image, by kind permission of the Society of Antiquaries of London) 141
5.9 The Clonoura shield, Co. Tipperary (image reproduced with kind permission of the National Museum of Ireland, © National Museum of Ireland) 144
5.10 Some of the artefacts from Llyn Cerrig Bach (© National Museum of Wales) 152
5.11 The Ballachulish figure (© National Museums Scotland) 160
6.1a The Gunnister bog body clothing (© National Museums Scotland) 168
6.1b Arnish Moor Man’s possessions (© National Museums Scotland) 169
6.2 The Cladh Hallan male bog bod(ies) (a composite, made from three individuals, at least one of whom may have been interred temporarily in a local bog) (© Mike Parker Pearson) 176
6.3a The Huldremose textiles (© National Museum of Denmark) 181
6.3b The Huldremose hidden possessions (© National Museum of Denmark) 182
6.4 Tolland Man (© Silkeborg Museum) 186
6.5 The decapitated head from Osterby, displaying both the sharp-force trauma above the right orbit and the impressive Suebian knot hairstyle (© Miranda Aldhouse-Green) 190
6.6 Clonycavan Man (image reproduced with kind permission of the National Museum of Ireland, © National Museum of Ireland) 191
6.7 Old Croghan Man’s armlet (image reproduced with the kind permission of the National Museum of Ireland, © National Museum of Ireland) 193
6.8 The ligature and wound to the throat on Lindow Man (© The Trustees of the British Museum) 197
7.1 The bog head of Worsley Man (from Astley Moss, © Manchester Museum, University of Manchester) 218
7.2 CT scan showing evidence of conservation ‘wiring’ (2019) (courtesy of the Henry Mosely X-ray and Imaging Facility, University of Manchester) 220
7.3 The Worsley Man facial reconstruction undertaken by the Unit of Art in Medicine, University of Manchester, with J. Prag (© J. Prag 2002) 222
7.4 Radiocarbon calibration curve for Worsley Man (OxCal) 224
7.5a Cranial wounds to the top of the skull (author’s own image, courtesy of Manchester Museum, University of Manchester) 225
7.5b Radiating fractures on the foramen magnum (author’s own image, courtesy of Manchester Museum, University of Manchester) 225
7.6a Exterior sword wound (author’s own image, courtesy of Manchester Museum, University of Manchester) 226
7.6b Interior sharp-force wound to mastoid process (author’s own image, courtesy of Manchester Museum, University of Manchester) 227
7.7 ‘Nick’ in mandible caused by decapitation attempt (author’s own image, courtesy of Manchester Museum, University of Manchester) 228
7.8 Reconstruction of the original appearance of the Insus rider figure from Lancaster (© Simon James) 234
7.9 The north-west landscape showing sites of importance in the late Iron Age and early Roman period (© Rowan May, ArcHeritage) 237
7.10 The Burnley or Cliviger torc, Manchester Museum (author’s own image, courtesy of Manchester Museum, University of Manchester, accession no. 0.9194) 242
7.11 The Wardley Hall skull (end plate, courtesy of Manchester Central Library, © Hindshaw 1874, Orphan Works Licence no. 000209) 244
8.1 Stephen Vaughan’s landscape of Lindow Moss (© Stephen Vaughan) 256
8.2 The ‘Kingship and Sacrifice’ exhibition at the National Museum of Ireland (photo by Ros Kavanagh, reproduced by kind permission of the Office of Public Works) 257
8.3 Old Croghan Man’s hand – close enough to touch? (image reproduced with kind permission of the National Museum of Ireland, © National Museum of Ireland) 258
8.4 Tolland Man at Silkeborg Museum (© Melanie Giles, courtesy of Museum Silkeborg) 259
8.5a Grauballe Man from above (© Moesgaard Museum, Simon Christensen) 260
8.5b Grauballe Man from below (© Moesgaard Museum, Iga Kuriata) 261
8.6 Visual Forensic’s facial reconstruction of Tolland Man (© Visual Forensic and Museum Silkeborg) 266
9.1 Innocent Landscapes sequence entitled ‘Bragan’, David Farrell, 2000 (© David Farrell 2000) 272

Bog bodies

Face to face with the past

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