The chapter introduces the concept of subsidies and gives an overall view of
the various uses of subsidies in the early modern period. Subsidies were
ubiquitous features of diplomatic and military history throughout the early
modern period, although such payments could assume a wide variety of names
and forms. The early modern era also saw numerous variations of subsidy
alliances. The most frequent as well as important subsidizers – in terms of
sums – were France, Spain, the United Provinces, and England. On the
receiving end, Sweden, Denmark, the Swiss confederation, the United
Provinces, and a number of German and northern Italian states stand out. The
reason why subsidies deserve more attention is that they highlight the
manner in which resources were shared among sovereignties, and the manner in
which diplomacy rested upon allies promising to share money and grant access
to resources as a prominent part of diplomacy, military provisioning, and
the construction of early modern states.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.