Marco Aurelio GuimarãesRibeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo

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Raffaela Arrabaça FranciscoRibeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo

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Martin EvisonFaculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University

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Edna Sadayo Miazato IwamuraDepartment of Pathology, Federal University of São Paulo

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Carlos Eduardo Palhares MachadoRibeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo

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Ricardo Henrique Alves da SilvaSchool of Dentristy of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo

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Maria Eliana Castro PinheiroRepresentatives of the Independent Group of Families of Political Dead and Disappeared from Brazilian Civil-Military Dictatorship

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Diva SantanaRepresentatives of the Independent Group of Families of Political Dead and Disappeared from Brazilian Civil-Military Dictatorship

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Julie Alvina Guss PatrícioRepresentatives of the Independent Group of Families of Political Dead and Disappeared from Brazilian Civil-Military Dictatorship

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Procedural and political aspects of forensic exhumation in Brazil
in Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal

Exhumation may be defined as the legally sanctioned excavation and recovery of the remains of lawfully buried or – occasionally – cremated individuals, as distinct from forensic excavations of clandestinely buried remains conducted as part of a criminal investigation and from unlawful disinterment of human remains, commonly referred to as bodysnatching. The aim of this article is to review the role of exhumation – so defined – in the activities of CEMEL, the Medico-Legal Centre of the Ribeirão Preto Medical School-University of São Paulo, in international, regional and local collaborations. Exhumations form part of routine forensic anthropology casework; scientific research in physical and forensic anthropology; and forensic casework conducted in collaboration with the Brazilian Federal Police; and are carried out as part of humanitarian investigations into deaths associated with the civil–military dictatorship of 1964 to 1985. This article aims to offer a non-technical summary – with reference to international comparative information – of the role of exhumation in investigative and scientific work and to discuss developments in their historical and political context.

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